Navigation Links
What makes cell division accurate?

Baltimore, MD As all school-children learn, cells divide using a process called mitosis, which consists of a number of phases during which duplicate copies of the cell's DNA-containing chromosomes are pulled apart and separated into two distinct cells. Losing or gaining chromosomes during this process can lead to cancer and other diseases, so understanding mitosis is important for developing therapeutic strategies.

New research from a team led by Carnegie's Yixian Zheng focused on one important part of this process. Her results improve our understanding of how cell division gives rise to two daughter cells with an equal complement of chromosomes. It is published by Developmental Cell.

Cell division is helped along by a complex of more than 90 proteins, called a kinetochore, interacting with scaffolding-like structural fibers called microtubules. Together the kinetochore and microtubules provide the structure and force that pull the two duplicate halves of the chromosome apart and direct them to each daughter cell.

By looking beyond the microtubules and kinetochores themselves, Zheng's team identified a protein that regulates the interactions between the kinetochore and the microtubule fibers. Using super resolution microscopy, they were able to hone in on one particular phase of this process, namely the way that microtubules are "captured" by the kinetochore to promote proper alignment of the chromosomes in a way that facilitates equal partition of duplicated DNA.

"The study of mitosis has focused on microtubules and kinetochores, the most prominent structure that researchers observe. Our work demonstrates the importance of expanding the scope of study to include other cellular components because this is critical to achieving an in depth understanding of the mechanisms underlying chromosome alignment in preparation for dividing the DNA into two new cells." Zheng said.


Contact: Yixian Zheng
Carnegie Institution

Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Practice makes perfect if you have a partners touch, according to new study
2. InventHelp Client Introduces Kit - Invention Makes Nebulizer Masks More Child-Friendly (AUP-318)
3. Collection of Long Island Hearing Aid Reviews from East End Hearing Makes Selecting an Audiologist and a First Hearing Aid Easier
4. Green Park & Golf Ventures Makes a Major Investment in Socrates Health Solutions
5. PolyU Expert Makes First Space Tool for Lunar Exploration
6. Renegade Diabetes Company Breaks Barriers to Glucose Testing; New Online Club Makes Daily Glucose Testing Affordable for Everyone
7. Gaspari Nutrition Makes Waves at the 2013 World Jiu Jitsu Expo
8. Dr. Steven Weiner Discusses the New FDA Approved Dermal Filler, Voluma, and What Makes It Different Than the Other Fillers
9. Midmark Corporation Makes Donation to The Ohio State University College of Medicine to Foster Efficient, Effective Patient Care
10. Mount Sinai Makes Innovation a Team Effort At Its Second Annual Sinainnovations Conference, November 18-19, 2013 In NYC
11. Life-Changing Ringing Cedars of Russia Book Series Makes the Perfect Holiday Gift
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
What makes cell division accurate?
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... In an ongoing Clinical ... Center (RMC) in Chicago, IL, UV Angel is evaluating the efficacy of its product ... intensive care units (totaling 30 beds) from May 2014 through October 2015 at a ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... In ... nation’s Periwinkle Pioneers, individuals and groups responsible for advancing care for pulmonary hypertension ... Pioneers, nominated by the public, will receive special recognition throughout 2016 as part ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... ... Many people know of the common symptoms of low thyroid hormone (also ... many people who find their cholesterol levels and weight are creeping up are more ... they don’t have any of the other symptoms. , Thyroid hormone plays a major ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... November 25, 2015 , ... ... lower prices in an early celebration of the early holiday shopping season. Starting ... $29.95 each (normally $33.95 ea). Black Friday promotional pricing is in addition to ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Mississauga, ON (PRWEB) , ... November 24, 2015 , ... ... Deborah Williams without a referral for dental implants at her Mississauga, ON ... qualified and experienced in the placement of dental implants. , Missing teeth can ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/25/2015)... LYON , Frankreich, November 25, 2015 ... hat heute bekanntgegeben, dass sie eine Lizenz für das ... Inserm, Poxel, CNRS, UCBL und ENS-Lyon innehaben, an Enyo ... 2009 von FUI AAP8 ins Leben gerufenen und von ... NATHEB-Programms wurde FXR als ein Behandlungsziel für HBV identifiziert, ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... Nov. 24, 2015  Natera, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... genetic testing and the analysis of circulating ... present at the 27 th  Annual Piper ... 2015 at 1:00 p.m. ET.  Matthew Rabinowitz, Ph.D., CEO of ... business activities and financial outlook. ...
(Date:11/24/2015)... , 24. November 2015 Avery ... Pacemaker Systems, ist erfreut, die Berufung von ... bekannt geben zu können. ... --> Foto - ... (Schweden). Von 1984-1986 war er Fellow des ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: