One of the causes of poverty
Previous studies show that disabilities constitute one of the prominent causes of poverty. "On the one hand, disabled people lose income either through not being able to find work or from being in poor quality employment," outlines Braa. "Furthermore, given their special requirements, general well-being is more difficult to achieve with what they can afford or they may be in need of a higher income to do so."
There are extra costs associated with disabilities arising from the fact that disabled people may require things (such as heating) in greater quantities than non-disabled people. Extra costs also come from specifics goods that may be required (such as diapers) and even lower productivity of consumed goods.
In the same way, the author reminds us that "although it may not be as clear in developed countries, poverty may also cause disabilities."
The data collected from the Living Conditions Surveys since 1987 show that people from underprivileged social groups have poorer health and greater limitations in normal activity and they suffer from chronic disorders more frequently than those belonging to more privileged social groups. This applies mainly to women.
The cost of disabilities
Since the 1970's, studies have been carried out that attempt to estimate the cost of disabilities so that it can be applied to public aid headed to those affected. This is the case in Australia, the USA, Ireland, and the UK.
Braa's study used the 2007 Living Conditions Survey, which brings together information relating to household income levels as well as the social and demographic characteristics of the participants.
The researchers used a total sample of more than 28,000 adults. Braa adds that "according to our definition, approximately 2,700 of the total had a disability and over 2,100 could be considered dependent."
This situation is rec
FECYT - Spanish Foundation for Science and Technology