Navigation Links
Swallowing-Breathing Dysfunction Worsens Lung Disorder
Date:3/26/2009

Timing of each altered in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, study finds

THURSDAY, March 26 (HealthDay News) -- A disrupted breathing-swallowing pattern may explain why people with moderate to severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are at increased risk for aspiration pneumonia, researchers report.

Patients with moderate to severe COPD show alterations between normal breathing and swallowing patterns (during eating) even when they're not experiencing exacerbations, according to the study by Roxann Diez Gross and colleagues at the University of Pittsburgh.

"In healthy subjects, the usual pattern is to time swallows to occur during early to mid exhalation. Healthy individuals also nearly exclusively follow each swallow with exhalation. This pattern assures that there is sufficient air pressure below the vocal folds during a swallow and prevents inhalation of food residue after swallowing," Gross said in the news release.

"In contrast, in COPD patients, we saw that several aspects of their swallowing and breathing timing were disrupted such that swallows were occurring during inhalation or were followed by inhalation," she said. "COPD patients also swallowed more often at the end of exhalation at lower lung volumes."

COPD is a progressive, destructive disease of the lungs, usually brought on by smoking. There is no known cure. Symptoms include restricted breathing, secretion of mucus, oxidative stress and airway inflammation.

It had been known that COPD patients "exhibited decoupling of the breathing-swallowing pattern of saliva during exacerbations," according to a news release about the study. But this is the first study to detail to what extent, if any, disruptions in breathing and swallowing coordination occur during normal eating in COPD patients even when they're not experiencing exacerbations.

The study included 25 patients with moderate to severe COPD and 25 healthy people. All the participants ate nine wafer cookies and 10 teaspoons of pudding to determine how well they swallowed sold and semi-solid food. There was a marked difference between the two groups, the researchers found.

The respiratory tract may be thrown out of balance by the respiratory burden imposed by COPD, Gross explained.

"Because breathing and eating share the structures of the upper airway, precise coordination is needed to prevent food material from entering the airway while eating," she said. "In patients with COPD, the competition for the upper airway may cause the respiratory drive to override swallowing function and disrupt the normal patterning. The lungs of COPD patients have less elasticity than those of healthy individuals and this may also play a role in swallowing safety."

The study appears in the first April issue of the American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.

More information

The American Academy of Family Physicians has more about COPD.



-- Robert Preidt



SOURCE: American Thoracic Society, news release, March 26, 2009


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. German Medical Advancement Reflects Major Improvement in Individuals with Common and Chronic Illnesses Related to Immune System Dysfunction
2. Motorcycle Seats NOT The Cause of Impotence or Erectile Dysfunction for Bikers
3. Rapid Generic Erosion of Branded Agents, Including Market-Leading Viagra, Will Cause Sales of Erectile Dysfunction Drugs to Remain Flat Over the Next Decade
4. Warner Chilcott and Dong-A Sign U.S. License Agreement For Erectile Dysfunction Treatment
5. Despite Sagging Economy, Viamedic Reports Solid Online Sales for Erectile Dysfunction Drugs
6. Hispanic Men Face Elevated Risk of Erectile Dysfunction
7. Causes for sexual dysfunction change as people age
8. Researchers Examine Safety of Internet Prescriber Service Providing Erectile Dysfunction Medications
9. Researchers examine safety of Internet prescriber service providing erectile dysfunction medications
10. Erectile dysfunction drugs allowed more chemotherapy to reach brain tumors in laboratory study
11. Schizophrenia linked to dysfunction in molecular brain pathway activated by marijuana
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Swallowing-Breathing Dysfunction Worsens Lung Disorder
(Date:10/13/2017)... , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Apple Rehab ... services, staged a mock evacuation of the facility as part of a disaster drill ... Department, Echo Hose EMS and Shelton City Emergency Manager, as well as the ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... Global Healthcare Management’s 4th Annual Kids Fun Run brought ... This free event, sponsored by Global Healthcare Management’s CEO, Jon Letko, is aimed at ... towards children of all ages; it is a non-competitive, non-timed event, which is all ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field”: the story of ... Philippines. “The Journey: From the Mountains to the Mission Field” is the creation of ... taught all ages and currently teaches a class of ladies at her church, which ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... Planet Fitness, ... the U.S., announced today its plans to open a flagship location in Covington, LA ... the former Rooms To Go store next to Office Depot in the Holiday Square ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... , ... Asante, a nationally recognized health system in southern ... home health joint venture through an agreement, effective October 1, 2017, to create ... health company with Asante, delivering clinically integrated care, for the past eight years. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/25/2017)...   Montrium , an industry leader in ... IQPC Trial Master Files & Inspection Readiness Conference ... Clinical Services has selected eTMF Connect ... EastHORN, a leading European contract research organization (CRO), ... to enable greater collaboration with sponsors, improve compliance ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... -- HistoSonics, Inc., a venture-backed medical device company developing a non-invasive, robotically assisted, platform therapy ... team developments today:   ... ... Tom Tefft ... Veteran medical device executive Josh Stopek , PhD, who has led R&D ...
(Date:9/12/2017)... and NEW YORK , Sept. 12, 2017 ... performance ratings for global supply chains, has published the first annual edition ... CSR performance of more than 20,400 companies evaluated by EcoVadis, based on ... 2015 and 2016. ... EcoVadis Global CSR Risk & Performance Index ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: