Navigation Links
Reduced 'Fine-Tuning' of Brain May Hamper Face Recognition in Autism
Date:3/22/2013

FRIDAY, March 22 (HealthDay News) -- A malfunction in a specific group of brain cells may explain why some people with autism have difficulty recognizing faces, a small new study finds.

Researchers used functional MRI to scan the brains of 15 adults with autism. In some of the patients, neurons in the brain area that processes faces -- the fusiform face area (FFA) -- were too broadly "tuned" to distinguish between facial features of different people.

"When your brain is processing faces, you want neurons to respond selectively so that each is picking up a different aspect of individual faces. The neurons need to be finely tuned to understand what is dissimilar from one face to another," study senior investigator Maximilian Riesenhuber, an associate professor of neuroscience at Georgetown University Medical Center, said in a center news release.

"What we found in our 15 adult participants with autism is that in those with more severe behavioral deficits, the neurons are more broadly tuned, so that one face looks more like another, as compared with the fine-tuning seen in the FFA of typical adults," he explained.

"And we found evidence that reduced selectivity in FFA neurons corresponded to greater behavioral deficits in everyday face recognition in our participants," Riesenhuber added. "This makes sense. If your neurons cannot tell different faces apart, it makes it more difficult to tell who is talking to you or understand the facial expressions that are conveyed, which limits social interaction."

Riesenhuber noted that there are wide differences in the ability of people with autism to identify faces, and that some of them have no difficulty doing so.

"But for those that do have this challenge, it can have substantial ramifications -- some researchers believe deficits in face processing are at the root of social dysfunction in autism," he said.

The study was published online March 15 in the journal NeuroImage: Clinical.

More information

The U.S. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke has more about autism.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: Georgetown University Medical Center, news release, March 18, 2013


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Huntingtons Disease Linked to Reduced Cancer Risk in Study
2. Decision guide reduced uncertainty over breast cancer prevention, study finds
3. Physical activity linked to reduced mortality in breast and colon cancer patients
4. High-contrast, high-resolution CT scans now possible at reduced dose
5. Long-term testosterone treatment for men results in reduced weight and waist size
6. HCOs find risks & opportunities in quest for reduced costs & improved quality
7. Health care organizations quest for reduced costs and improved quality
8. PharmaNet system dramatically reduced inappropriate prescriptions of potentially addictive drugs
9. Study shows anaesthetic-related deaths reduced dramatically
10. Health inequalities could be reduced by more effective healthcare, says new study
11. Health inequalities could be reduced by more effective health care, says new study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Reduced 'Fine-Tuning' of Brain May Hamper Face Recognition in Autism
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Lori R. Somekh, founder ... of ElderCounsel, a national organization of elder law and special needs planning attorneys. “Membership ... rules. It also provides a forum to network with elder law attorneys nationwide,” said ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Many families have long-term insurance that ... insurance companies have a waiver for care if the client has a cognitive impairment ... family pays for care, is often waived, so the benefits from their insurance start ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... Ellevate Network, the leading network for professional women, brought together some ... at their inaugural Summit in New York City in June. The event was livestreamed ... over 3 million. To watch the Mobilize Women video, click here . ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at ... of the most popular and least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. The ... that have baffled scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere rubbish, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 13, 2017 , ... Coveros, a leader in agile coaching ... contract by the Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS). The Enterprise Agile ... of Agile methodologies in a consistent and high value manner across CMS programs. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/11/2017)... , Oct. 11, 2017  BioPharmX Corporation (NYSE MKT: ... that developed an innovative way to use nonlinear optical ... delivery of new drugs. ... Dermatology Conference will show how researchers from BioPharmX and ... Medical School used a suite of imaging techniques in ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... Pa. , Oct. 10, 2017   West ... in innovative solutions for injectable drug administration, today shared ... West,s ID Adapter for improving the intradermal administration of ... Fourth Skin Vaccination Summit in May 2017 by Dr. ... Lead, Polio Department, World Health Organization (WHO), and recently ...
(Date:10/4/2017)... , Oct. 4, 2017 ... single-use, self-contained, illuminating medical devices, today announced regulatory ... Health Surveillance Agency (or Agência Nacional de Vigilância ... first single-use, cordless surgical retractor with integrated LED ... optimal access, illumination and exposure of a tissue ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: