Navigation Links
Prevention efforts focused on youth reduce prescription abuse into adulthood
Date:2/14/2013

Middle school students from small towns and rural communities who received any of three community-based prevention programs were less likely to abuse prescription medications in late adolescence and young adulthood. The research, published today in the American Journal of Public Health, was funded by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, and the National Institute of Mental Health, all components of the National Institutes of Health.

"Prescription medications are beneficial when used as prescribed to treat pain, anxiety, or ADHD," said NIDA Director Dr. Nora D. Volkow. "However, their abuse can have serious consequences, including addiction or even death from overdose. We are especially concerned about prescription drug abuse among teens, who are developmentally at an increased risk for addiction."

Prescription drug abuse -- taking a medication without a prescription or in a way (higher dose, snorted) or for reasons other than prescribed (to get high) -- has become one of the most serious public health concerns in the United States. According to the 2012 Monitoring the Future survey of U.S. teen substance use, prescription and over-the-counter medications were among the top substances abused by 12th graders in the past year. In 2011, about 1.7 million people 12-25 years old, or more than 4,500 young people per day, abused a prescription drug for the first time, according to the latest National Survey on Drug Use and Health.

The article, by scientists at Iowa State University, Ames, and Penn State, University Park, presents the combined research results of three randomized controlled trials of preventive interventions termed "universal" because they target all youth regardless of risk for future substance abuse. All three studies involved rural or small-town students in grades six or seven, who were randomly assigned to a control condition (receiving no prevention intervention) or to a family-focused intervention alone or in combination with a school-based intervention:

  • Study 1, begun in 1993, tested a family-focused intervention alone (22 schools).
  • Study 2, begun in 1997, tested a combined family-focused intervention and a school-based life skills training program (24 schools).
  • Study 3, begun in 2002, tested a delivery system for a family-focused intervention and one of three school-based interventions selected from a menu (28 schools).

All of these interventions addressed general risk and protective factors for substance abuse rather than specifically targeting prescription drug abuse. In follow-up questionnaires and telephone interviews completed at 17-25 years of age, students across the three studies showed reductions in risk -- ranging from about 20 percent to as much as 65 percent -- for prescription drug and opioid abuse, compared to students in the control groups. Importantly, the interventions used had previously been shown to reduce the likelihood of other substance use or other problem behaviors.

"We could find no other randomized, controlled studies where brief community-based preventive interventions conducted during middle school were associated with long-term reductions in prescription drug abuse -- six to 14 years after initial program implementation," said Dr. Richard Spoth, from the Partnerships in Prevention Science Institute at Iowa State University and first author on the study. "The intervention effects were comparable or even stronger for participants who had started misusing substances prior to the middle school interventions, suggesting that these programs also can be successful in higher-risk groups."


'/>"/>

Contact: NIDA Press Team
media@nida.nih.gov
301-443-6245
NIH/National Institute on Drug Abuse
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Gun violence prevention experts call for more physician involvement
2. Social media may prove useful in prevention of HIV, STDs, study shows
3. Study: Infection preventionists know safe care
4. Heritage Woods of Belvidere Assisted Living to Host Fall Prevention Program
5. Hearing-loss-prevention drugs closer to reality thanks to new UF test
6. Flooding preparedness needs to include infection prevention and control strategies
7. Tricorder invention could put medical diagnosis and terrorism prevention in the palm of the hand
8. McGill University Launches a Major New Study on HPV Prevention Using Divine 9 Personal Lubricants with Carragel
9. Pressure Ulcer Treatment and Prevention Cushions Designed by EHOB Now Offered by Rehabmart.com
10. Synergy Wellness & Weight Releases Article on Healthcare Prevention
11. UV-Aid Cold and Flu Prevention Added to List of Biomimicry Strategies on AskNature.Org
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 04, 2016 , ... Are You Concerned About Mold In Your Home ... Indoor Air Quality Companies in VA, MD and DC, recently completed its application for ... new mold law in the district of Columbia is a good thing stated John ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Halfway through its partnership with ... preventative dental services to more than 15,900 children 5 years old and younger and ... $38 million over a span of five years to Western University of Health Sciences, ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... , ... Two years ago, Arizona State University students produced ... 1 million viewers and won numerous honors, including the region’s top Emmy and ... Cronkite School of Journalism and Mass Communication are following up their award-winning investigation ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... For over twenty-four years, ... a lien basis to help personal injury victims find high quality medical care. When ... the Los Angeles area. Fast forward to present day and the now ten-page directory ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... , ... Advanced Inc., a leading provider of travel therapy and travel nursing ... as Advanced Inc.’s Chief Financial Officer, effective December 1, 2016. Jason previously served as ... operational leadership experience to Advanced Inc. He began his career in finance at Ernst ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... Va. , Dec. 2, 2016  The ... by the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy (AMCP), ... organizations can better address the opioid addiction crisis, ... Assisted Therapies (MAT). ATAG,s newly released ... Improving Access to Naloxone," addresses many issues around ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Boston Scientific Corporation (NYSE: BSX ... manufacturing assets and capabilities of the Neovasc, Inc., (NASDAQ: ... business, as well as a 15% equity stake in ... The Neovasc advanced biological tissue business makes elements used ... Valve System. * Upon completion of the transaction, ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... YORK , December 2, 2016 ... 5,251.11, down 1.36%; the Dow Jones Industrial Average edged 0.36% ... at 2,191.08, down 0.35%. Losses were broad based as six ... Stock-Callers.com has initiated research reports on the following Services equities: ... (NASDAQ: QGEN ), INC Research Holdings Inc. (NASDAQ: ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: