Navigation Links
Nightmares may signal a child is being bullied
Date:5/3/2014

VANCOUVER, BRITISH COLUMBIA Many children who are bullied suffer in silence. The trauma can lead to anxiety, depression, psychotic episodes and even suicide.

There may be a way to identify victims of bullying before they experience serious mental health problems, according to a study to be presented Saturday, May 3, at the Pediatric Academic Societies (PAS) annual meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

Researchers from the University of Warwick in the United Kingdom found that nightmares or night terrors were more common in 12-year-olds who had reported being bullied when they were 8 and 10 years old.

"Nightmares are relatively common in childhood, while night terrors occur in up to 10 percent of children," said lead author Suzet Tanya Lereya, PhD, research fellow at University of Warwick. "If either occurs frequently or over a prolonged time period, they may indicate that a child/adolescent has or is being bullied by peers. These arousals in sleep may indicate significant distress for the child."

Dr. Lereya and Dieter Wolke, PhD, analyzed data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, which examined the determinants of development, health and disease during childhood and beyond. Children were enrolled at birth, and 6,438 were interviewed at ages 8 and 10 years about bullying and at age 12 about parasomnias, including nightmares, night terrors and sleep walking.

Survey results showed that at age 12 years, 1,555 (24.2 percent) of children had nightmares, 598 (9.3 percent) had night terrors, 814 (12.6 percent) reported sleep walking and 2,315 (36 percent) had at least one type of parasomnia (nightmares, night terrors and sleep walking).

After adjusting for confounders (e.g., any psychiatric diagnosis, family adversity, IQ, internalizing and externalizing problems, sexual or physical abuse, domestic violence, and nightmares before 8 years), children who were victimized at 8 or 10 years were significantly more likely to have nightmares, night terrors or sleep walking at age 12. Moreover, those who were both a victim and a bully were much more likely to have any parasomnia, but bullies were not at increased risk of a sleep disturbance.

"Our findings indicate that being bullied is a significant stress/trauma that leads to increased risk of sleep arousal problems, such as nightmares or night terrors," said Dr. Wolke, professor of developmental psychology and individual differences at University of Warwick. "It is an easily identifiable indicator that something scary is being processed during the night. Parents should be aware that this may be related to experiences of being bullied by peers, and it provides them with an opportunity to talk with their child about it.

"General practitioners also should consider peer bullying as a potential precursor of nightmares or night terrors in children," Dr. Wolke added.


'/>"/>

Contact: Debbie Jacobson
djacobson@aap.org
847-434-7084
American Academy of Pediatrics
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. University of Montreal study analyzes content of nightmares and bad dreams
2. CPAP therapy reduces nightmares in veterans with PTSD and sleep apnea
3. DNA modifications measured in blood signal related changes in the brain
4. Molecular aberration signals cancer
5. Tinnitus study signals advance in understanding link between loud sounds exposure and hearing loss
6. Long distance signals protect brain from viral infections
7. Prostate cancer signal reawakens sleeper agent cells in bones
8. App may signal cellphone dependency
9. BioPharm Systems to Host Webinar on Evaluating and Investigating Drug Safety Signals with Public Databases
10. Protein in prostate biopsies signals increased cancer risk
11. Blocking signal-transmitting cellular pores may prevent damage to kidneys
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/4/2016)... ... December 03, 2016 , ... The Lymphoma Research Foundation ... research and serving the lymphoma community through a comprehensive series of education programs, ... Event in New York City, with long-time partners The Paul Foundation, on November ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... Aliso Viejo, California (PRWEB) , ... December 04, ... ... self-animating lower third presets that have new attractive animation styles with unique displacement ... Pro3rd Displace features 30 pre-animated lower third designs. Choose from a variety of ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... , ... December 02, 2016 , ... Lori G. ... Traurig, LLP’s Atlanta office, will speak at the American Conference Institute’s 21st Drug ... Traurig is also a Lead Sponsor of the conference. , Cohen, who chairs the ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Advanced Inc., a leading provider of ... Bice, CPA, MBA to serve as Advanced Inc.’s Chief Financial Officer, effective December 1, ... Jason brings extensive financial and operational leadership experience to Advanced Inc. He began his ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... PA (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... With ... struggling through rehabilitation of an injury, patients must find the one that works for ... his pain, he created a machine that worked and decided to share it with ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/4/2016)...   Pairnomix, LLC, a genetic research company and ... the White House, today announced that findings from its first ... candidate therapies for a patient with epileptic encephalopathy caused by ... at the 70 th Annual Meeting of the ... , December 2-6, 2016.  Pairnomix, unique process involves ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... EAST HANOVER, N.J. , Dec. 3, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... SEG101 (crizanlizumab, formerly SelG1), an anti-P-selectin antibody, reduced the ... by 45.3% compared to placebo (1.63 vs 2.98, p=0.010) ... Novartis today announced that the data are being featured ... American Society of Hematology (ASH) Annual Meeting and ...
(Date:12/4/2016)... Dec. 3, 2016  Findings from a Novartis ... CTL019, an investigational chimeric antigen receptor T cell ... young adult patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia ... session at the 58th American Society of Hematology ... p.m.). The global Phase II study found that ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: