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New research identifies modifiable risk factors for heart disease
Date:12/11/2009

in heart function and blood vessel wall thickness at two years compared with baseline measures. Whether the present findings translate into improved clinical outcomes requires further investigation.

More Intensive Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs Appear to Outshine Standard or Moderate Statin Therapy in the Prevention of Recurrent Cardiovascular Disease in Certain Patients; Stronger Statins Prevent Not Just First Heart Problem, but Also Second and Third Heart Attack

Two studies in this issue find that use of higher strength statin medications prevent not just a first cardiac event, but also a second or third event as well showing an even greater benefit of statin therapy than previously thought.

Data from over 14,000 patients from two large randomized lipid-lowering trials the Pravastin or Atorvastatin Evaluation and Infection Therapy-Thrombosis in Myocardial Infarction 22 (PROVE IT-TIMI 22) and Incremental Decreases in End Points through Aggressive Lipid Lowering (IDEAL) trials were analyzed in a new way to count the total number of heart problems. Traditionally, trials are analyzed based on the time to first cardiovascular event and, as a result, statistical analyses did not include subsequent cardiovascular events. Results from the expanded analyses of the PROVE-IT and IDEAL data found intensive statin therapy to be more effective than standard or moderate statin therapy in preventing additional atherosclerotic development and future cardiovascular events. When additional events are considered, the total number of events prevented by more intensive lipid-lowering therapy was substantially greater.

As previously reported by PROVE-IT, first primary end point events (death, heart attack, stroke, UA requiring rehospitalization, or revascularization) were reduced by 16 percent with atorvastatin 80 mg (intensive lipid lowering) versus pravastatin 40 mg (moderate lipid lowering) (n = 464 vs. n = 537, respectively; p = 0.005). When reexami
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Contact: Amanda Jekowsky
ajekowsk@acc.org
202-375-6645
American College of Cardiology
Source:Eurekalert

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