Navigation Links
International study shows majority of children unaware of cigarette warning labels
Date:2/27/2014

College Park, Md. -- An international study of children's perceptions of cigarette package warning labels found that the majority of children are unaware that they exist. Children in countries where larger warning labels are used, and which include a compelling graphic image of the negative health impacts of smoking, were more likely to be aware of and understand the health risks of tobacco products.

The study, led by Dina Borzekowski, Ed.D, in the University of Maryland School of Public Health (UMD SPH), and Joanna Cohen, PhD, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (JHSPH), showed that only 38% of children had any awareness of warning labels currently being featured on cigarette packages. Even after showing warning labels to participating children, around two-thirds (62%) of the children were unable to explain what the health warnings were about. Among the six countries studied, awareness and understanding of health warning labels was greatest among children in Brazil, where graphic warning labels, often featuring extremely gruesome pictures, have been featured since 2002 and cover 100% of either the front or back of the cigarette package.

Their findings, published in the Journal of Public Health, offer data from a sample of 2,423 five and six year-old children interviewed in Brazil, China, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, and Russia about their awareness and understanding of cigarette health warning labels.

"Pro-smoking messages are reaching the world's most susceptible audiences," explains Dr. Borzekowski, research professor in the UMD SPH Department of Behavioral and Community Health. "We need to do a better job globally to reach children with anti-smoking messages. To do this, health warning messages should be big and clear, especially for low-literacy populations, children and young people." According to the World Health Organization's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), tobacco product packages and labeling should effectively communicate the health risks associated with tobacco use, and that the effectiveness of these health warnings and messages increases with their prominence and with the use of pictures.

This new study follows recent work by Borzekowski and Cohen published in the journal Pediatrics in October 2013. The earlier piece, drawn from the same sample of five and six year olds, provided evidence that young children recognize cigarette brands. More than two-thirds could identify cigarette brand logos, with the highest percentages in the sample from China (86% could identify at least one brand).

In contrast to the higher awareness among children in Brazil, where tobacco warning labels and large and graphic, awareness and understanding of health warning labels was lowest among children from Indian and Nigeria. The Indian warning label shows an image of a symbolic scorpion and the Nigerian warning label uses only a vague text message ("The Federal Ministry of Health warns that smokers are liable to die young.")

"Heath warning labels on cigarette packs are an important medium for communicating about the serious health effects caused by tobacco products," said Dr. Cohen, director of the JHSPH Institute for Global Tobacco Control. "These messages are most effective when the labels are large and include pictures that evoke an emotional response."


'/>"/>
Contact: Kelly Blake
kellyb@umd.edu
301-405-9418
University of Maryland
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. International Journal of Surgery affiliated with New York Surgical Society
2. Beaumont holds first international congress on underactive bladder
3. UTA professors new book explores international response time to foreign conflicts
4. Video by UC Riverside lab receives honorable mention in international competition
5. Albert & Company International, Inc. Launches New Website
6. Everyday Health Announces Winners of Awards for Innovation in Digital Health at 2014 International CES
7. New International Hospital Opens Its Doors in Thailand’s Krabi
8. Ephesoft Approved for International Sales by Export-Import Bank
9. Safety Management Systems Offering New Internationally Approved-courses
10. Brock International Announces Industry-First Field G-Max Guarantee to Build Safer Sports Surfaces
11. RevitaRUGS Announces Annual Participation in AmericasMart, the Leading International Source for Consumer Goods
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
International study shows majority of children unaware of cigarette warning labels
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... 2017 , ... At Hallmark Nameplate, their commitment to quality is what sets ... ISO 13485. This certification is another way they are making constant strides to provide ... they need. , The ISO 13485 Certification is a major accomplishment for Hallmark Nameplate ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... Michael ... new website for its Center for Biosimilars, announced Michael J. Hennessy Associates, Inc. ... in the field of biosimilars through thought leader interaction in, live video and ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 18, 2017 , ... ... problems ranging from gum disease to enamel erosion, and those dental problems can ... Department of Public Health, many pregnant women are failing to get the dental ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... January 17, 2017 , ... Anesthesia Progress – Everyone ... choose the best drug option for each patient. Dentists have several general anesthesia alternatives ... outcomes. , Researchers from the Tokyo Dental College in Tokyo, Japan wanted to find ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... January 17, 2017 , ... For breast cancer clinicians and researchers ... those who desire a more intimate review and analysis of its highlights, a novel ... Bedside—is being offered by Imedex on February 4, 2017 in Chicago. Chaired by Kathy ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/18/2017)... 2017   Spotlight Innovation Inc. (OTCQB: ... in the second quarter of 2017, to launch ... to provide relief from chronic pain, is a ... was developed under a licensing agreement with Dr. ... from snake venom. Additionally, Caretta Therapeutics has signed ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... , Jan 18, 2017 Research and Markets ... Vomiting Drugs Market 2017-2021" report to their offering. ... The global CINV drugs ... 2017-2021. Global Thoracic Surgery Market 2017-2021, has been ... experts. The report covers the market landscape and its growth prospects ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... -- In China , we say Health ... of China,s Healthy Strategy originates. 2016 ... Economic and Social Development of the People,s Republic ... state council of the People,s Republic of China ... development plan, identifying medical devices as one of the main ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: