While this study only goes as far as kindergarten, a new study sheds light on how a high level of parental hovering may affect children as they get older.
Research published Feb. 9 in the Journal of Child and Family Studies showed that college students with controlling mothers and fathers -- often referred to as helicopter parents -- are less satisfied with their lives and more likely to be depressed.
To learn more about child development and independence, see the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
SOURCES: Jean Ispa, Ph.D., professor, human development and family studies, University of Missouri, Columbia; Andrew Adesman, M.D., chief, developmental and behavioral pediatrics, Steven and Alexandra Cohen Children's Medical Center of New York, New Hyde Park; Feb. 4, 2013, Parenting: Science and Practice
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