Navigation Links
Genes May Influence Effectiveness of Anti-Smoking Policies
Date:12/8/2012

FRIDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Genetics seem to play an important role in whether people respond to anti-smoking policies and may help explain why the number of smokers in the United States has remained stable in recent years instead of declining.

That's the finding of a new study by Yale School of Public Health researchers. They noted that smoking rates dropped sharply after the U.S. Surgeon General's landmark 1964 report about the dangers of smoking, but cessation rates have leveled off over the past 20 years despite increasingly strict measures -- such as higher taxes and no-smoking rules -- meant to persuade people to quit.

"We found that for people who are genetically predisposed to tobacco addiction, higher cigarette taxes were not enough to dissuade them from smoking," lead researcher Jason Fletcher, an associate professor in the department of health policy and management at the School of Public Health, said in a Yale news release.

He and his colleagues examined the association between state tobacco taxes and a nicotine receptor gene in adults. They found that variations in the nicotine receptor affected how people responded to higher tobacco taxes.

People with one genetic variant decreased their tobacco use by nearly 30 percent when faced with higher taxes, while those with another variant were not affected by higher taxes, according to the study published online Dec. 5 in the journal PLoS One.

"This study is an important first step in considering how to further reduce adult smoking rates," Fletcher said. "We need to understand why existing policies do not work for everyone so that we can develop more effective approaches."

The findings suggest that anti-tobacco strategies that do not rely on financial or social penalties may be needed to persuade many smokers to quit.

While the study found an association between certain gene variants and greater resistance to smoking cessation, it did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship.

Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States and causes more than 400,000 deaths a year, according to the U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

More information

The American Cancer Society offers a guide to quitting smoking.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: Yale University, news release, Dec. 5, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers ID Genes That May Determine Mental Illness
2. 2 repressor genes identified as essential for placental development
3. Genes Associated With Autism Also Related to Schizophrenia
4. Genes Might Cause Some to Shun Pork
5. Blond Genes May Vary Around the World
6. Mystery of the missing breast cancer genes
7. Living longer - variability in infection-fighting genes can be a boon for male survival
8. Genes Might Be Key to Parkinsons Spread
9. Strategy discovered to activate genes that suppress tumors and inhibit cancer
10. Study Ties Genes to Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms, Prostate Cancer Risk
11. Obesity genes may influence food choices, eating patterns
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Genes May Influence Effectiveness of Anti-Smoking Policies
(Date:2/26/2017)... ... February 26, 2017 , ... ... technology standard in staffing, scheduling, and reporting for healthcare organizations. This comprehensive ... throughout the entire staffing process. StaffBridge technology improves staffing efficiency, maximizes resource ...
(Date:2/25/2017)... Viejo, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 25, 2017 , ... ... with ProSharpen Color tools from Pixel Film Studios. With ProSharpen Color users have total ... sliders to easily refine their color range. With color spectrum tools users can visually ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... Princeton, NJ (PRWEB) , ... February 24, 2017 ... ... organization that provides business development, education, networking and recognition opportunities as well as ... at Bell Works in Holmdel, NJ on February 23. The Council's Innovation ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... In the Health Care IT campaign, ... priority because it’s not if you will be attacked, but when.” However, he and ... to digital health care. , Improvements in auditing and monitoring have taken security in ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , ... February 24, 2017 , ... With ProGlass Prism ... Pro X . Users have total control over position, rotation, distortion, edge softness, edge ... within Final Cut Pro X. , With ProGlass Prism users are given the tools ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... LG Innotek hat heute die weltweit erste ... das 1,5-fache des 45-mW-Moduls der Konkurrenz. UV-C ... und 280 nm und eignet sich damit für Sterilisationsaufgaben. Es ... zerstört. Das Produkt von LG Innotek erzeugt UV-Strahlung im ... ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... Februar 2017 Im Rahmen seiner Schlüsselwachstumsstrategie ... in der südwestlichen chinesischen Provinz Guizhou, 2017 mit dem Angebot ... aktiv an der Entwicklung einer eingebetteten Hightech-Schlüsselindustrie. Foto ... Reading ... ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 23, 2017 Obese people are ... for varicose veins in their body. The rising number ... the adoption of endovenous laser therapy for treatment of ... laser therapy market, published by Future Market Insights, ... and consequences of obesity have collectively factored the growth ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: