Navigation Links
Genes May Influence Effectiveness of Anti-Smoking Policies
Date:12/8/2012

FRIDAY, Dec. 6 (HealthDay News) -- Genetics seem to play an important role in whether people respond to anti-smoking policies and may help explain why the number of smokers in the United States has remained stable in recent years instead of declining.

That's the finding of a new study by Yale School of Public Health researchers. They noted that smoking rates dropped sharply after the U.S. Surgeon General's landmark 1964 report about the dangers of smoking, but cessation rates have leveled off over the past 20 years despite increasingly strict measures -- such as higher taxes and no-smoking rules -- meant to persuade people to quit.

"We found that for people who are genetically predisposed to tobacco addiction, higher cigarette taxes were not enough to dissuade them from smoking," lead researcher Jason Fletcher, an associate professor in the department of health policy and management at the School of Public Health, said in a Yale news release.

He and his colleagues examined the association between state tobacco taxes and a nicotine receptor gene in adults. They found that variations in the nicotine receptor affected how people responded to higher tobacco taxes.

People with one genetic variant decreased their tobacco use by nearly 30 percent when faced with higher taxes, while those with another variant were not affected by higher taxes, according to the study published online Dec. 5 in the journal PLoS One.

"This study is an important first step in considering how to further reduce adult smoking rates," Fletcher said. "We need to understand why existing policies do not work for everyone so that we can develop more effective approaches."

The findings suggest that anti-tobacco strategies that do not rely on financial or social penalties may be needed to persuade many smokers to quit.

While the study found an association between certain gene variants and greater resistance to smoking cessation, it did not prove a cause-and-effect relationship.

Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States and causes more than 400,000 deaths a year, according to the U.S Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

More information

The American Cancer Society offers a guide to quitting smoking.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: Yale University, news release, Dec. 5, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers ID Genes That May Determine Mental Illness
2. 2 repressor genes identified as essential for placental development
3. Genes Associated With Autism Also Related to Schizophrenia
4. Genes Might Cause Some to Shun Pork
5. Blond Genes May Vary Around the World
6. Mystery of the missing breast cancer genes
7. Living longer - variability in infection-fighting genes can be a boon for male survival
8. Genes Might Be Key to Parkinsons Spread
9. Strategy discovered to activate genes that suppress tumors and inhibit cancer
10. Study Ties Genes to Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms, Prostate Cancer Risk
11. Obesity genes may influence food choices, eating patterns
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Genes May Influence Effectiveness of Anti-Smoking Policies
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... 2017 , ... At Hallmark Nameplate, their commitment to quality is what sets ... ISO 13485. This certification is another way they are making constant strides to provide ... they need. , The ISO 13485 Certification is a major accomplishment for Hallmark Nameplate ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... ... January 18, 2017 , ... Michael ... new website for its Center for Biosimilars, announced Michael J. Hennessy Associates, Inc. ... in the field of biosimilars through thought leader interaction in, live video and ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 18, 2017 , ... ... problems ranging from gum disease to enamel erosion, and those dental problems can ... Department of Public Health, many pregnant women are failing to get the dental ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... January 17, 2017 , ... Anesthesia Progress – Everyone ... choose the best drug option for each patient. Dentists have several general anesthesia alternatives ... outcomes. , Researchers from the Tokyo Dental College in Tokyo, Japan wanted to find ...
(Date:1/17/2017)... ... January 17, 2017 , ... For breast cancer clinicians and researchers ... those who desire a more intimate review and analysis of its highlights, a novel ... Bedside—is being offered by Imedex on February 4, 2017 in Chicago. Chaired by Kathy ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/18/2017)... 2017   Spotlight Innovation Inc. (OTCQB: ... in the second quarter of 2017, to launch ... to provide relief from chronic pain, is a ... was developed under a licensing agreement with Dr. ... from snake venom. Additionally, Caretta Therapeutics has signed ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... , Jan 18, 2017 Research and Markets ... Vomiting Drugs Market 2017-2021" report to their offering. ... The global CINV drugs ... 2017-2021. Global Thoracic Surgery Market 2017-2021, has been ... experts. The report covers the market landscape and its growth prospects ...
(Date:1/18/2017)... -- In China , we say Health ... of China,s Healthy Strategy originates. 2016 ... Economic and Social Development of the People,s Republic ... state council of the People,s Republic of China ... development plan, identifying medical devices as one of the main ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: