Navigation Links
Childhood Bullying Can Leave Lifelong Scars
Date:2/20/2013

By Steven Reinberg
HealthDay Reporter

WEDNESDAY, Feb. 20 (HealthDay News) -- Children who are bullied often carry the scars of their experience into adulthood and suffer from anxiety, depression and suicidal thoughts, a new study indicates.

Even bullies themselves are at risk for psychological problems when they grow up, the researchers added. And children who have been both perpetrator and victim suffer the worst as adults.

"There has been a lot of research into how bullying affects children short-term. We followed kids into their early 20s to see if there was any kind of lasting effects of having been bullied," said study author William Copeland, an assistant clinical professor in the department of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Duke University in Durham, N.C.

"We found kids that had been just bullied in childhood seemed to be at an elevated risk for a number of different anxiety disorders when they were adults," he said. "Kids that had been bullied and also bullied other kids seemed to be in the worst lot. They had thoughts of depression and hurting themselves when they were adults. They have the worst long-term outcomes."

Copeland believes the solution is clear.

"If we could set up a culture in schools where this isn't allowed to happen, then, I think, there are a lot of these problems we can avoid," he said.

The report was published Feb. 20 in the online edition of JAMA Psychiatry.

To see the long-term effects of bullying, Copeland's team collected data on more than 1,400 children who took part in the Great Smoky Mountain Study.

At the start of that study, these North Carolina kids were 9, 11 and 13 years old. The children and their parents were interviewed every year until the children were 16 and then periodically after that.

Each time the children were interviewed, they were asked whether they had been bullied or teased or whether they had bullied other children.

In all, 26 percent of the children said they had been bullied and 9.5 percent said they had bullied others or were both bullies and victims, the researchers found.

Years later, when those in the study were young adults, the researchers interviewed more than 1,200 of them to ask about their psychological health.

They found that both those who had been bullied as kids and those who had been both bullies and bullied had a higher risk for psychological problems than those who weren't bullied.

Those problems included depressive disorders, anxiety disorders, generalized anxiety, panic disorder and agoraphobia, which is anxiety about feeling trapped in a place.

Those who were both bullies and victims of bullying had, in addition to being at risk for anxiety and depression, the highest levels of suicidal thoughts.

Bullies were also at risk for antisocial personality disorder, which the U.S. National Library of Medicine defines as an ongoing pattern of "manipulating, exploiting or violating the rights of others."

To be sure their findings were confined to bullying, the researchers accounted for other factors such as poverty, abuse and an unstable or dysfunctional home life, which might have contributed to psychological problems.

One expert said that in many cases bullies and their victims have preexisting mental health problems that continue into adulthood.

"That shouldn't shock us, because most mental health problems have their beginning in adolescence or childhood," said Dr. Victor Fornari, director of the division of child/adolescent psychiatry at North Shore-LIJ Health System in New Hyde Park, N.Y.

"That's all the more reason why early intervention is important, to try to change the course of the difficulties," he said.

Ignoring the problem is not the way to go, Fornari said, and parents need to take these problems seriously.

"Parents who become aware that their child is either a bully or a victim of bullying should seek mental health care, because many of these young people will have disorders that would benefit from treatment," he said.

More information

For more on bullying, visit the American Psychological Association.

SOURCES: William Copeland, Ph.D., assistant clinical professor, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University, Durham, N.C.; Victor Fornari, M.D., director, Division of Child/Adolescent Psychiatry, North Shore-LIJ Health System, New Hyde Park, N.Y.; Feb. 20, 2013, JAMA Psychiatry


'/>"/>
Copyright©2012 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. New study identifies promising, achievable solutions to Nigerias childhood mortality crisis
2. Symptomatic behaviour in childhood strongly predicts psychiatric treatment as a young adult
3. Study identifies potential treatment for lethal childhood leukemia
4. Childhood Obesity May Raise Odds of Adult Liver Cancer
5. IADR/AADR publish studies on severe early childhood caries - proposes new classification
6. Could the Childhood Obesity Epidemic Be Ebbing?
7. Better health in adulthood starts with early prevention in childhood
8. Environment key to preventing childhood disabilities
9. Treating childhood obesity: A family affair
10. Pneumonia and preterm birth complications are the leading causes of childhood death
11. Experimental Drug Helps Fight Some Childhood Cancers, Study Finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Childhood Bullying Can Leave Lifelong Scars
(Date:10/13/2017)... Nevada (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Hemp CBD Oil utilizing Purzorb™ technology. Applying the Purzorb™process to full spectrum CBD oil ... required and providing a CBD form that can be easily incorporated into liquid products, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Many families have long-term insurance that covers care for a ... waiver for care if the client has a cognitive impairment diagnosis. , “What ... is often waived, so the benefits from their insurance start immediately,” said Mechell Vieira, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House ... most popular and least understood books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. The Book of ... baffled scholars for centuries. Many have tossed it off as mere rubbish, but Yisrayl ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... “America On The Brink”: the Christian history of the United States and the ... published author, William Nowers. Captain Nowers and his wife, Millie, have six children, ... in the Navy. Following his career as a naval aviator and carrier pilot, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... products to meet the demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From ... probiotic experts and tested to meet the highest standard. , These products ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/23/2017)... Janssen Biotech, Inc. (Janssen) announced today that ... U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the Biologics ... treatment of moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). ... needed to further evaluate the safety of sirukumab in ... "We are disappointed ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... , Sept. 22, 2017 AVACEN Medical (AVACEN) ... is now successfully helping those with the widespread pain ... Fibromyalgia diagnosed Amanda in Essex, England ... washing my hair, experiencing no sleep at all, tremendous ... spasm… I cannot recommend [the AVACEN 100] enough, how ...
(Date:9/19/2017)... 2017   ZirMed Inc ., a recognized leader in ... it has been ranked #1 by its users for the ... 2017 User Survey. ZirMed was recognized as the top-ranked end-to-end ... medical centers over 200 beds and holds one of the ... survey history. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: