Navigation Links
Child abuse and foster care admissions increase when parents use methamphetamines
Date:7/2/2012

WACO, Texas (July 2, 2012) - Methamphetamine abuse leads to an increase in child abuse and neglect, which causes an increase in foster care admissions, according to a study from Baylor University.

The study, published online in the journal Economic Inquiry, found that a 1 percent increase in meth use led to a 1.5 percent increase in foster care admissions. It is the first study to provide evidence for meth abuse's causal effect on foster home admissions.

Follow this link to read the entire study: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1465-7295.2012.00481.x/full

"Our findings suggest strongly that the social costs of parental meth use include child maltreatment and growth in foster care placements," said Scott Cunningham, Ph.D., study co-author and assistant professor of economics at Baylor University's Hankamer School of Business. "To address this, child welfare policies should be designed specifically for the children of meth-using parents."

To measure the effect of meth use on foster care admissions, Cunningham and co-author Keith Finlay, Ph.D., assistant professor of economics at Tulane University, collected monthly data on foster care admissions and exits, meth drug treatment admissions, retail meth prices, and a variety of other potentially relevant factors from January 1995 to December 1999.

The study centered on federal laws that severely restricted two key ingredients used to produce methamphetamine: ephedrine, which was restricted in 1995, and pseudoephedrine, which was restricted in 1997.

"The consequence of each policy was to cause a temporary scarcity of methamphetamine in the market, driving prices up and purity down," Cunningham said.

The 1995 restriction caused a dramatic spike in meth prices, but the effect was relatively short lived. After six months, prices returned to their pre-restriction level. The 1997 regulation had a smaller but more sustained effect on priceslasting approximately a year.

"Public health professionals have observed these large social costs of methamphetamine production and use," Finlay said. "Our paper is one of the first to provide plausible causal evidence of these effects that are not borne by users but by children."

The study used foster care enrollment data from the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System (AFCARS), a federally mandated database that aggregates detailed case information on each child in foster care and each child who has been adopted under the authority of all state child welfare agencies. AFCARS also indicates whether a child was removed as a result of neglect, physical abuse, parental drug use or parental incarceration.

The U.S. foster care population increased from approximately 280,000 to 408,000a rise of over 45 percent due primarily to increased admissions in the 1980s and 1990s. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, from 1986 to 2010, there was a stark increase in the foster care population from the mid-1980s to the late 1990s caused by a rapid growth in entry with no associated uptick in exit.

From August 1995 to December 1995, white meth treatment self- admissions fell 26.5 percent due to the 1995 ephedrine regulation. The drop was temporary since drug producers substituted pseudoephedrine and meth self-admissions grew 25.6 percent from December 1995 to February 1998. That growth caused 2,257 children to enter foster care, according to the researchers.

"Given the large social costs of meth use on child maltreatment, policymakers face a significant challenge to reduce its use," Cunningham said. "Regions with intensive meth use should consider greater resources for meth treatment and child welfare services. These areas have historically been rural or exurban and so may already be underserved. Our study also highlights the social benefits of policies restricting consumer access to methamphetamine ingredients, like pseudoephedrine."


'/>"/>

Contact: Frank Raczkiewicz
Frank_raczkiewicz@baylor.edu
254-710-1964
Baylor University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Researchers find abuse during childhood may contribute to obesity in adulthood
2. Childless women with fertility problems at higher risk of hospitalization for psychiatric disorders
3. Spending on childrens health rising faster than adults over past 4 years, says report
4. After child dies, moms risk of early death skyrockets: study
5. Fear of Childbirth Linked to Longer Labor, Study Says
6. Miami Children’s Hospital Performs First Nerve Repair Surgery Using Avance® Nerve Graft Technology
7. Prenatal exposure to common household chemical increases risk for childhood eczema, study says
8. Rate of severe reactions higher than thought in young children with food allergies
9. Study identifies causes for high rates of allergic reactions in children with food allergies
10. Genome-wide analysis shows previously undetected abnormalities in parents of affected children
11. Newtown Square Liberty to Donate 10 Percent of July Repairs to St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... California Senate Bill (SB) 863, signed into law ... in 2013 and 2014, according to CompScope™ Medical Benchmarks for California, 17th Edition ... to the study, medical payments per claim in California decreased 4 percent in 2013 ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... and the Affordable Care Act. Dr. Botelho advocates for the mass media launching ... movement gives people ongoing opportunities to share their unfortunate experiences; such a movement ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... financial planning services from offices headquartered in Little Rock, has initiated a charity ... According to the National Foundation to End Senior Hunger, Arkansas ranks first in ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... The Dan Carlisle Agency, an Alabama-owned ... is announcing the launch of a charity drive to raise support and awareness ... and children in Birmingham has grown steadily since the 1980’s, and the Pathways ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Coppin Insurance Agency, an insurance ... in and around the Cape Coral area, is embarking on a charity drive with ... Southwest Florida. , The Harry Chapin Food Bank of Southwest Florida works to provide ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... -- Mederi Therapeutics Inc . hat die behördliche Zulassung durch die ... Refluxerkrankung (GERD) – in China angekündigt. ... ... Live Stretta procedure performed and broadcast during the ... at Wuhan Union Hospital ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , December 8, 2016 According to ... Injection Pens Market is expected to be worth US$9.7 ... bn in 2015. Between the forecast years of 2016 and ... CAGR of 7.9%. The leading players operating in the global ... and Company, AstraZaneca plc., Biocon Ltd., and Sanofi S.A. Transparency ...
(Date:12/8/2016)...  Avelas Biosciences, Inc., a clinical stage oncology-focused ... diagnosis through treatment, today presented clinical trial data ... in breast cancer patients utilizing investigational drug product ... Jonathan Unkart , M.D., resident physician at ... delivered the presentation titled "Intraoperative tumor detection using ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: