Navigation Links
European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition


The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study is a Europe-wide prospective cohort study of the relationships between diet and cancer, as well as other chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular disease. With over half a million participants, it is the largest study of diet and disease to be undertaken.

EPIC is coordinated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), part of the World Health Organization, and funded by the 'Europe Against Cancer' programme of the European Commission as well as multiple nation-specific grants and charities.

521,457 healthy adults, mostly aged 35-70 years, were enrolled in 23 centres in ten European countries: Denmark (11%), France (14%), Germany (10%), Greece (5%), Italy (9%), The Netherlands (8%), Norway (7%), Spain (8%), Sweden (10%) and the United Kingdom (17%). One UK centre (Oxford) recruited 27,000 vegetarians and vegans; this subgroup forms the largest study of this dietary group. Recruitment to the study took place between 1993 and 1999, and follow up is planned for at least ten years, with repeat interview/questionnaires every three to five years. The main prospective data collected are standardised dietary questionnaires (self administered or interview based), seven-day food diaries, blood samples and anthropometric measurements, such as body mass index and waist-to-hip ratio. Additionally, the GenAir case-control study is studying the relationship of passive smoking and air pollution with cancers and respiratory diseases.

Up to 2004, there were over 26,000 new cases of cancer recorded among participants, with the most common being cancers of the breast, colorectum, prostate and lung. Current analyses are focusing particularly on stomach, colorectal, breast, prostate and lung cancers. The different dietary patterns in the different countries should enable reliable associations to be made between particular diets and cancers. The analysis of stored blood samples should also allow dissection of genetic factors involved in cancers, as well as the effects of hormones and hormone-like factors.

Key findings

  • Consumption of fibre, fish, milk and cheese reduce risk of colorectal cancer, while red and processed meat increase risk
  • Consumption of fruit and vegetables does not affect risk of breast or prostate cancer

Selected papers

Review

Primary

External links


'"/>


(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Bill Mull Agencies, ... owners in and around central Kansas, is joining the Youth Horizons organization for ... region. , Headquartered in Wichita, Youth Horizons works to empower area children from ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... ... Kenall Manufacturing, a leader in sealed healthcare lighting for more than 30 ... sealed, LED luminaire that meets the needs of everyone in the patient room by ... , A 2’ x 4’ model features four modes: reading, ambient, standard and high ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... December 07, 2016 , ... OC87 Recovery Diaries ... schizophrenic mother in a unique, personal perspective through animation. , That woman ... addictive disorders at her private psychotherapy practice. Sheri’s mother, Pearl, lived with schizophrenia. ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... ... 07, 2016 , ... Castle Dermatology Institute is now offering liquid facelifts with ... youthful appearance to the face. Dr. Peyman Ghasri and Dr. Pedram Ghasri, San ... treatments, to rejuvenate and renew the facial appearance. , Sculptra is a highly ...
(Date:12/7/2016)... Fl (PRWEB) , ... December 07, 2016 , ... When it came time to blow ... heart. Just 40 minutes later, the Pediatric Heart Transplant team at Joe DiMaggio ... making the Weston teen the hospital’s 30th heart transplant recipient. , “He was playing ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
Other medicine definition