Navigation Links
Syracuse University chemist to use NSF grant to study materials chemistry, nanoscience
Date:7/21/2014

A chemist in Syracuse University's College of Arts and Sciences has received a major grant to study the synthesis of stainless nanoparticles.

Mathew M. Maye, associate professor of chemistry, has been awarded a three-year, $360,000 grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF). The award supports his ongoing work with metal stainless alloy nanostructures, the results of which may impact gas storage, heterogeneous catalysis, and rechargeable lithium-ion batteries.

Maye's approach is novel, in that he is attempting to chemically synthesize nanoparticle alloys that resemble steel and stainless steel.

"We're all aware of the basic properties of stainless steel," says Maye, citing shiny, rust-resistant kitchen metal surfaces as an example. "At the nanoscale, this rusting--or oxidation, as it's called--is difficult to stop. By synthesizing stainless interfaces, we hope to better protect nanoparticles from oxidation."

An alloy is a mixture of metals whose properties are different from those of its individual elements. When carbon is added to iron, the result is steel that is strong and hard. Mix in chromium and nickel, and the steel becomes stainless, or rust-proof.

Maye's work utilizes nanoparticles that contain iron cores and thin shells, the latter of which are made up of chromium, nickel, aluminum, or titanium. He has developed the chemistry to produce these materials, which are then exposed to heat and oxygen, allowing for control of alloying and oxidation.


Maye says that, like any good project, the new materials' properties were discovered by taking a novel approach.

"Our preliminary studies showed that a nanometer-thin layer of oxide can be used to protect the nanoparticle, while providing a new mechanism to control nanoparticle structure and reactivity," says Maye, whose research team includes postdoctoral fellows, as well as graduate and undergraduate students. "As a result, we can make atomic to nanoscale voids, which are holes in the particle about the size of a molecule. These voids can be used to trap and store gas, such as carbon dioxide, and to serve as electrodes in lithium-ion batteries."

Maye says the goal of the NSF project is three-fold: to develop "wet-chemical" synthesis strategies to prepare the alloy nanomaterials; to understand their oxidation and phase behavior; and to use such behavior to construct novel structures.

"We're really excited about NSF's support," he says. "The grant allows my team to prepare materials that have not been made before and to uncover important fundamental science related to nano alloys."

In addition to underwriting research, the NSF grant will serve a broader impact by supporting an annual workshop that brings together regional leaders in nanoscience. The first such "Upstate Nano" workshop will take place next summer at Syracuse University.

"There is some tremendous nanoparticle research going on in the region," Maye says. "The workshop will enable creative researchers to discuss ideas, while exposing students to the novel science and great potential of our field."


'/>"/>

Contact: Rob Enslin
315-443-3403
Syracuse University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. Syracuse University researchers use nanotechnology to harness power of fireflies
2. University of Illinois researchers demonstrate novel, tunable nanoantennas
3. Collaboration Between Shimadzu Corporation and the MacCoss Lab of Biological Mass Spectrometry, University of Washington
4. John P. Donoghue is Taking the Lead at the Wyss Center and is Appointed Professor at EPFL and University of Geneva
5. University of Illinois study advances limits for ultrafast nano-devices
6. University at Albany: Governor Cuomo Announces Israeli Biotech Company Creating New Economic Opportunity In Capital Region
7. Parma Community General Hospital and EMH Healthcare will become part of University Hospitals effective January 1, 2014
8. Gift to University of Michigan supports creation of a new hybrid operating room
9. University of Houston physicist honored as rising star in Texas research
10. The Holistic Sanctuary Rebuts Boston University Advocating the Use of Naloxone to Combat Heroin Addiction
11. Polymer gel, heal thyself: University of Pittsburgh engineering team proposes new composites that can regenerate when damaged
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Syracuse University chemist to use NSF grant to study materials chemistry, nanoscience
(Date:2/11/2016)... YORK , Feb. 11, 2016  Bioethics International, a ... medicines are researched, developed, marketed and made accessible to patients ... BMJ Open had named the publication of the ... 2015. The publication is also featured as one of ... in the last year that are most frequently read. ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... ... dedicated to delivering cutting-edge information focused on the development and manufacture of ... become a premier sponsor of the 2016 BioProcess International Awards – Recognizing ...
(Date:2/11/2016)...   BioInformant announces the February 2016 release ... Opportunities, Tools, and Technologies – Market Size, Segments, Trends, ... The first and only market ... BioInformant has more than a decade of historical information ... stem cell type. This powerful 175 page global strategic ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Global Stem Cells Group, has ... The new facility will provide advanced protocols and state-of-the-art techniques in cellular medicine, ... , The new GSCG clinic is headed by four prominent Ecuadorian physicians, including ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:2/1/2016)... Canada , February 1, 2016 ... technological advancements to drive global touchfree intuitive gesture control ... --> Rising sales of consumer electronics coupled ... gesture control market size through ... consumer electronics coupled with new technological advancements to drive ...
(Date:1/25/2016)... 2016   Unisys Corporation (NYSE: UIS ) today ... (JFK) International Airport, New York City , to ... attempting to enter the United States using ... pilot testing of the system at Dulles last year. ... JFK during January 2016. --> pilot testing of ...
(Date:1/20/2016)... 20, 2016 A market that just keeps ... from the explosion in genomics knowledge. Learn all about ... A range of dynamic trends are pushing market growth ... medicine - pharmacogenomics - pathogen evolution - next generation ... - greater understanding of the role of genetic material ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):