Navigation Links
Sheet of carbon atoms acts like a billiard table, physicists find
Date:9/22/2007

RIVERSIDE, Calif. A game of billiards may never get smaller than this.

Physicists at UC Riverside have demonstrated that graphene a one-atom thick sheet of carbon atoms arranged in hexagonal rings can act as an atomic-scale billiard table, with electric charges acting as billiard balls.

The finding underscores graphenes potential for serving as an excellent electronic material, such as silicon, that can be used to develop new kinds of transistors based on quantum physics. Because they encounter no obstacles, the electrons in graphene roam freely across the sheet of carbon, conducting electric charge with extremely low resistance.

Study results appear in todays issue of Science.

The research team, led by Chun Ning (Jeanie) Lau, found that the electrons in graphene are reflected back by the only obstacle they meet: graphenes boundaries.

These electrons meet no other obstacles and behave like quantum billiard balls, said Lau, an assistant professor who joined UCRs Department of Physics and Astronomy in 2004. They display properties that resemble both particles and waves.

Lau observed that when the electrons are reflected from one of the boundaries of graphene, the original and reflected components of the electron can interfere with each other, the way outgoing ripples in a pond might interfere with ripples reflected back from the banks.

Her lab detected the electronic interference by measuring graphenes electrical conductivity at extremely low (0.26 Kelvin) temperatures. She explained that at such low temperatures the quantum properties of electrons can be studied more easily.

We found that the electrons in graphene can display wave-like properties, which could lead to interesting applications such as ballistic transistors, which is a new type of transistor, as well as resonant cavities for electrons, Lau said. She explained that a resonant cavity is a chamber, like a kitchen microwave, in which waves can bounce back and forth.

In their experiments, Lau and her colleagues first peeled off a single sheet of graphene from graphite, a layered structure consisting of rings of six carbon atoms arranged in stacked horizontal sheets. Next, the researchers attached nanoscale electrodes to the graphene sheet, which they then refrigerated in a cooling device. Finally, they measured the electrical conductivity of the graphene sheet.

Graphene, first isolated experimentally less than three years ago, is a two-dimensional honeycomb lattice of carbon atoms, and, structurally, is related to carbon nanotubes (tiny hollow tubes formed by rolling up sheets of graphene) and buckyballs (hollow carbon molecules that form a closed cage).

Scientifically, it has become a new model system for condensed-matter physics, the branch of physics that deals with the physical properties of solid materials. Graphene enables table-top experimental tests of a number of phenomena in physics involving quantum mechanics and relativity.

Bearing excellent material properties, such as high current-carrying capacity and thermal conductivity, graphene ideally is suited for creating components for semiconductor circuits and computers. Its planar geometry allows the fabrication of electronic devices and the tailoring of a variety of electrical properties. Because it is only one-atom thick, it can potentially be used to make ultra-small devices and further miniaturize electronics.


'/>"/>

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. Printable CELLocate Log Sheets for Easily Locating Adhererent Cells
2. Imaging and Analysis of DIGE Product Information Sheet, Rev B
3. QBT Fatty Acid Uptake Assay Kit datasheet
4. FLIPR Calcium Assay Kit Datasheet
5. FLIPR Calcium 3 Assay Kit Datasheet
6. Capital-raising term sheets for angels and venture capitalists
7. Musicnotes strikes deal to distribute Sony/ATV sheet music
8. Balance-sheet success leads to hunt for market dominance at Merge
9. The Analysis of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) by LC/MS/MS Using an Atmospheric Pressure Photoionization Source
10. Visions: Carbone bullish on Wisconsin venture capital
11. Engineers chart semiconductors on the scale of atoms
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/12/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 12, ... ... ) has launched Rosalindâ„¢, the first-ever genomics analysis platform specifically designed for ... complexity. Named in honor of pioneering researcher Rosalind Franklin, who made a ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... YORBA LINDA, CA (PRWEB) , ... October 11, ... ... adapted to upregulate any gene in its endogenous context, enabling overexpression experiments and ... activation (CRISPRa) system with small RNA guides is transformative for performing systematic gain-of-function ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... Alto, CA, USA (PRWEB) , ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... set to take place on 7th and 8th June 2018 in San Francisco, CA. ... policy influencers as well as several distinguished CEOs, board directors and government officials from ...
(Date:10/11/2017)...  VMS BioMarketing, a leading provider of patient support solutions, ... Educator (CNE) network, which will launch this week. The VMS ... care professionals to enhance the patient care experience by delivering ... health care professionals to help women who have been diagnosed ... ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:8/23/2017)... Aug. 23, 2017  The general public,s help is being enlisted in ... that live in and on the human body –and are believed to ... The Microbiome Immunity Project ... microbiome, starting with the gut. The project's goal is to help advance ... IBM ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... and ITHACA, N.Y. , ... and Cornell University, a leader in dairy research, today ... bioinformatics designed to help reduce the chances that the ... the onset of this dairy project, Cornell University has ... for Sequencing the Food Supply Chain, a food safety ...
(Date:5/16/2017)... --  Bridge Patient Portal , an enterprise patient ... Systems , an electronic medical record solutions developer ... a partnership to build an interface between the ... products, including Centricity Practice Solution (CPS), Centricity Business ... integrations will allow healthcare delivery networks using GE ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):