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Operating without interrupting warfarin reduces risk of bleeding after cardiac device surgery
Date:5/10/2013

hat received uninterrupted warfarin. Compared to the heparin arm of the trial, patients receiving warfarin had fewer prolonged hospital stays (1.2 percent vs. 4.8 percent), less re-interruption of anticoagulation (3.3 percent vs. 14.5 percent) and fewer re-operations (0.6 percent vs. 2.4 percent). Patients in the continued warfarin arm also had greater satisfaction with their peri-operative anticoagulation management.

Co-Principal Investigator Vidal Essebag, MD, PhD, Director of Cardiac Electrophysiology, McGill University Health Center, Montreal, stated, "To many, the substantial reduction in pocket hematoma that we observed with continued warfarin may be counterintuitive. One explanation that has been proposed is the concept of an 'anticoagulant stress test.' That is, if patients undergo surgery while fully anticoagulated, any excessive bleeding will be detectable and appropriately managed while the wound is still open. In contrast, when surgery is performed with heparin bridging, such bleeding may remain latent, and appear only when full anticoagulation is resumed postoperatively."

The Bruise Control trial was funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR).

"This randomized clinical trial eliminates a dilemma faced by physicians throughout the world," said Dr. Jean Rouleau, Scientific Director of the CIHR Institute of Circulatory and Respiratory Health. "The study shows that patients requiring cardiac arrhythmia device surgery can remain on their current blood thinners, thus reducing the chance of stroke and hematoma. CIHR is pleased to support Dr. Birnie and his team. Our hope is that this research evidence will soon be brought to the point of care, so it can benefit patients around the world."


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Contact: Vincent Lamontagne
vlamontagne@ottawaheart.ca
613-761-4427
University of Ottawa Heart Institute
Source:Eurekalert

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