Navigation Links
Newly discovered mechanism propels micromotors
Date:10/19/2013

WASHINGTON, D.C. Oct. 15, 2013 -- Scientists studying the behavior of platinum particles immersed in hydrogen peroxide may have discovered a new way to propel microscopic machines. The new mechanism is described in The Journal of Chemical Physics, which is produced by AIP Publishing.

Micro-sized machines operate under very different conditions than their macro-sized counterparts. The high surface-area-to-mass ratio of tiny motors means they require a constant driving force to keep them going. In the past, researchers have relied on asymmetric chemical reactions on the surface of the motors to supply the force. For example, Janus motors, are spherical particles coated with a different material on each side. One of the sides is typically made of a catalyst like platinum, which speeds up the reaction that converts hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. When the Janus motor is immersed in hydrogen peroxide, oxygen bubbles form more quickly on the platinum side, pushing the sphere forward.

Researchers from Doshisha University in Kyoto, Japan have now discovered, however, that two-sided materials aren't necessary to make micromotors move. The researchers placed tiny spheres made only of platinum in hydrogen peroxide and observed the particles' movement through a microscope. Although the individual spheres bounced about randomly, the researchers noticed that clumps of particles began to exhibit regular motions. The clumps shaped like teardrops moved forward, those that resembled windmills started to spin, and the boomerang shaped clumps traveled in a circle. After creating a theoretical model of the forces at work, the researchers realized they could explain the regular motions by the asymmetrical drag generated by the different shapes.

The researchers envision combining their new type of motors with existing motors to create easily controllable machines with a versatile range of motions.

Micro- and nano-sized machines may one day ferry drugs around the body or help control chemical reactions, but the Japanese team also sees a more fundamental reason to study such tiny systems.

"Micromotors may be used not only as a power source for micromachines and microfactories, but may also give us significant insight regarding mysterious living phenomenon," said Daigo Yamamoto, a researcher in the Molecular Chemical Engineering Laboratory at Doshisha University and an author on the paper that describes the new motors.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
jbardi@aip.org
240-535-4954
American Institute of Physics
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. Sutro Announces Newly Formed Scientific Advisory Board
2. Newly-Published Study Compares SURFAXIN LS™ and CUROSURF® in Well-Established Model of Respiratory Distress Syndrome
3. Cardiometabolic Health Congress Expert Faculty Evaluate the Clinical Implications of Newly FDA-Approved Treatment for Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia
4. Scientists Describe Breakthrough Technology for Brain Self-Optimization in Newly Published Paper
5. MedForward Launches Newly Redesigned MedForward.com, Now Offering Mobile Site Design Services to Increase Website Accessibility for Smartphones and Tablets
6. Quanta BioSciences qRT-PCR technology recommended in newly published CDC protocol for detection of H7N9 Avian Influenza
7. FTI Consulting Releases Realigned Segment Information Reflecting Newly Combined Health Solutions Practice
8. Vivid Learning Systems Announces Newly Designed Industry Websites for MSHA, Electrical Utility Safety, Healthcare and OSHA Compliance
9. Dual-acting class of antimalarial compounds discovered with potential to prevent and treat malaria
10. Novel method to make nanomaterials discovered
11. Australian Discovered Biomarkers Map Path to New Blood Test for Bowel Cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Newly discovered mechanism propels micromotors
(Date:3/23/2017)... Calif. (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... Lajollacooks4u is proud to announce it ... it has hosted corporate cooking challenges for companies around the world, such as Illumina, HP ... Part of the reason for its increasing popularity is due to its new team building ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017  Northwest Biotherapeutics (OTCQB: ... personalized immune therapies for solid tumor cancers, today ... million financing it announced last Friday, March 17, ... several institutional investors securities totaling 28,843,692 shares, comprised ... and 10,000,000 shares of Class C Warrants pre-funded ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... March 23, 2017  GlobeImmune, Inc. today announced it ... sale of 12,835,490 shares of its common stock to ... companies. In connection with the sale of its common stock, ... and issue to GlobeImmune 200,000 shares, an estimated $2.0 ... "We are pleased to enter into this strategic ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... was recently selected by the Connecticut Technology Council (CTC) as a 2017 Women ... CTC’s thirteenth annual Women of Innovation Awards Dinner. , The dinner recognizes women ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:3/27/2017)... ROCKVILLE CENTRE, N.Y. , March 27, 2017 ... by Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society (HIMSS) ... Analytics Outpatient EMR Adoption Model sm . In ... top 12% of U.S. hospitals using an electronic ... recognized CHS for its high level of EMR ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , March 24, 2017 The Controller General ... Controller Mr. Abdulla Algeen have received the prestigious international IAIR ... Continue Reading ... ... picture) and Deputy Controller Abdulla Algeen (small picture on the right) have ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... 2017 Research and Markets has announced the ... & Trends - Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their ... The Global ... CAGR of around 15.1% over the next decade to reach approximately ... the market estimates and forecasts for all the given segments on ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):