Navigation Links
Newly discovered mechanism propels micromotors
Date:10/19/2013

WASHINGTON, D.C. Oct. 15, 2013 -- Scientists studying the behavior of platinum particles immersed in hydrogen peroxide may have discovered a new way to propel microscopic machines. The new mechanism is described in The Journal of Chemical Physics, which is produced by AIP Publishing.

Micro-sized machines operate under very different conditions than their macro-sized counterparts. The high surface-area-to-mass ratio of tiny motors means they require a constant driving force to keep them going. In the past, researchers have relied on asymmetric chemical reactions on the surface of the motors to supply the force. For example, Janus motors, are spherical particles coated with a different material on each side. One of the sides is typically made of a catalyst like platinum, which speeds up the reaction that converts hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. When the Janus motor is immersed in hydrogen peroxide, oxygen bubbles form more quickly on the platinum side, pushing the sphere forward.

Researchers from Doshisha University in Kyoto, Japan have now discovered, however, that two-sided materials aren't necessary to make micromotors move. The researchers placed tiny spheres made only of platinum in hydrogen peroxide and observed the particles' movement through a microscope. Although the individual spheres bounced about randomly, the researchers noticed that clumps of particles began to exhibit regular motions. The clumps shaped like teardrops moved forward, those that resembled windmills started to spin, and the boomerang shaped clumps traveled in a circle. After creating a theoretical model of the forces at work, the researchers realized they could explain the regular motions by the asymmetrical drag generated by the different shapes.

The researchers envision combining their new type of motors with existing motors to create easily controllable machines with a versatile range of motions.

Micro- and nano-sized machines may one day ferry drugs around the body or help control chemical reactions, but the Japanese team also sees a more fundamental reason to study such tiny systems.

"Micromotors may be used not only as a power source for micromachines and microfactories, but may also give us significant insight regarding mysterious living phenomenon," said Daigo Yamamoto, a researcher in the Molecular Chemical Engineering Laboratory at Doshisha University and an author on the paper that describes the new motors.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jason Socrates Bardi
jbardi@aip.org
240-535-4954
American Institute of Physics
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. Sutro Announces Newly Formed Scientific Advisory Board
2. Newly-Published Study Compares SURFAXIN LS™ and CUROSURF® in Well-Established Model of Respiratory Distress Syndrome
3. Cardiometabolic Health Congress Expert Faculty Evaluate the Clinical Implications of Newly FDA-Approved Treatment for Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia
4. Scientists Describe Breakthrough Technology for Brain Self-Optimization in Newly Published Paper
5. MedForward Launches Newly Redesigned MedForward.com, Now Offering Mobile Site Design Services to Increase Website Accessibility for Smartphones and Tablets
6. Quanta BioSciences qRT-PCR technology recommended in newly published CDC protocol for detection of H7N9 Avian Influenza
7. FTI Consulting Releases Realigned Segment Information Reflecting Newly Combined Health Solutions Practice
8. Vivid Learning Systems Announces Newly Designed Industry Websites for MSHA, Electrical Utility Safety, Healthcare and OSHA Compliance
9. Dual-acting class of antimalarial compounds discovered with potential to prevent and treat malaria
10. Novel method to make nanomaterials discovered
11. Australian Discovered Biomarkers Map Path to New Blood Test for Bowel Cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Newly discovered mechanism propels micromotors
(Date:6/22/2017)... ... 2017 , ... RURO, Inc., a leading LIMS, RFID, and ... update to the Limfinity® framework. , LimitLIS® and other RURO solutions based on ... customers among labs and other businesses. Limfinity® 6.5 adds new features and improvements ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... June 20, 2017 , ... CTNext ... of directors has formed a Higher Education Entrepreneurship Advisory Committee to implement the ... presidents and other high-ranking representatives from 35 higher education institutions across the state ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... 20, 2017 , ... HorizonScan is providing food and ingredient ... likely threat to their products at the annual IFT conference in Las Vegas, ... expo attracts over 20,000 attendees representing food science professionals from over 90 countries ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... National executive search firm, Slone Partners, announces ... and biomarker expertise, as VP of Scientific Affairs at Cambridge Biomedical. , ... development and sample testing services. The organization acts as a leading provider of ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:4/5/2017)... , April 5, 2017  The Allen Institute ... Allen Cell Explorer: a one-of-a-kind portal and dynamic digital ... 3D imaging data, the first application of deep learning ... human stem cell lines and a growing suite of ... platform for these and future publicly available resources created ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... 4, 2017 KEY FINDINGS The ... at a CAGR of 25.76% during the forecast period ... primary factor for the growth of the stem cell ... MARKET INSIGHTS The global stem cell market ... and geography. The stem cell market of the product ...
(Date:4/3/2017)... , April 3, 2017  Data captured ... engineering platform, detected a statistically significant association ... prior to treatment and objective response of ... potential to predict whether cancer patients will ... treatment, as well as to improve both pre-infusion ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):