Navigation Links
New player in electron field emitter technology makes for better imaging and communications
Date:3/8/2013

Scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the University of Maryland, College Park, have built a practical, high-efficiency nanostructured electron source. Described in the journal Nanotechnology*, this new, patent-pending technology could lead to improved microwave communications and radar, and more notably to new and improved X-ray imaging systems for security and health-care applications.

While thermionic electron sources such as the hot filaments inside cathode ray tubes have largely been replaced by LEDs and liquid crystals for display screens and televisions, they are still used to produce microwaves for radar and X-rays for medical imaging. Thermionic sources use an electric current to boil electrons off the surface of a wire filament, similar to the way an incandescent light bulb uses an electric current to heat a wire filament until it glows.

And like an incandescent light bulb, thermionic sources are generally not very energy efficient. It takes a lot of power to boil off the electrons, which spew in every direction. Those that aren't lost have to be captured and focused using a complicated system of electric and magnetic fields. Field emission electron sources require much less power and produce a much more directional and easily controllable stream of electrons.

To build their field emission source, the NIST team took a tough materialsilicon carbideand used a room-temperature chemical process to make it highly porous like a sponge. They then patterned it into microscopic emitting structures in the shape of pointed rods or sharp-edged fins. When an electric field is applied, these novel field emitters can produce an electron flow comparable to a thermionic source but without all the disadvantagesand with many advantages.

According to co-inventor Fred Sharifi, the new field emitters have inherently fast response times compared with thermionic sources, and the absence of heat makes it easier to create arrays of sources. Moreover, the porous nanostructure of the emitters makes them very reliable. Even if the emitter surface wears away during usea common problemthe newly exposed material continues to work just as well.

Sharifi says that the NIST field emitters hold the potential to enhance the resolution and quality of X-ray images and allow for new modes of detection.

"X-ray images are based on the density of the material being examined, which limits their ability to see certain types of materials, including some types of explosives," says Sharifi. "Our field emitter will let us see not just that something is there, but, because we can build large arrays and place them at different angles, we can identify the material in question by looking at how the X-rays coming from different directions scatter from the object."

The technology is available for licensing through NIST's Technology Partnerships Office.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mark Esser
mark.esser@nist.gov
301-975-8735
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. ResearchMoz: Vaccine Production Market (Trends, Techniques, Key Players, Spending Estimates and Forecasts)
2. BioInformatics LLC New Market Report – Opportunities for New Players in the Growing Stem Cell Market
3. Lucintel Report Outlines Significant Growth Opportunities for Continuous Fiber Thermoplastic Industry Players During 2012-2017
4. Enterprise Mobility players NuWare & VeliQ form a global partnership to deliver mPaaS solutions
5. Are electron tweezers possible? Apparently so
6. Researching graphene nanoelectronics for a post-silicon world
7. UCSB professor receives award for graphene electronics research
8. Researchers develop one of the worlds smallest electronic circuits
9. New path to flex and stretch electronics
10. Nanowiggles: Scientists discover graphene nanomaterials with tunable functionality in electronics
11. Smaller and more powerful electronics requires the understanding of quantum jamming physics
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
New player in electron field emitter technology makes for better imaging and communications
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... Lajollacooks4u, San Diego’s premier ... year for team building events, new program offerings and company expansion. , ... this year to include groups of over 30 people. Ever since, Lajollacooks4u has seen ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... India , December 8, 2016 ... a comprehensive analysis, titled Global Amyloglucosidase Industry 2016 Market Research ... classification, application, and industry chain overview are all covered in ... SWOT analysis, and investment return analysis of the Amyloglucosidase industry. ... , , ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... -- Eurofins announces the appointment of Sean Murray , National ... (ESI). Mr. Murray will bring valuable expertise to ... in leading international business teams. As the National Division Leader, he ... Eurofins, status as the global leader in bio-analytical testing services. ... , , ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... December 8, 2016 ... Molekulargenetik, erweitert seine Palette an anpassbaren SureSeq™ NGS-Panels ... FH Panels, das ein schnelles und kostengünstiges Studium ... Panel bietet eine Erkennung von Einzel-Nukleotid-Variationen (Single Nucleotide ... einem einzigen kleinen Panel und ermöglicht eine individuelle ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:6/21/2016)... Columbia , June 21, 2016 ... to the new role of principal product architect ... named the director of customer development. Both will ... chief technical officer. The moves reflect NuData,s strategic ... in response to high customer demand and customer ...
(Date:6/16/2016)... 2016 The global ... reach USD 1.83 billion by 2024, according to ... Technological proliferation and increasing demand in commercial buildings, ... drive the market growth.      (Logo: ... development of advanced multimodal techniques for biometric authentication ...
(Date:6/9/2016)... leader in attendance control systems is proud to announce the introduction of fingerprint attendance ... the right employees are actually signing in, and to even control the opening of ... ... ... Photo - ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):