Navigation Links
NIST shows ultrasonically propelled nanorods spin dizzyingly fast
Date:7/22/2014

Vibrate a solution of rod-shaped metal nanoparticles in water with ultrasound and they'll spin around their long axes like tiny drill bits. Why? No one yet knows exactly. But researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have clocked their speedand it's fast. At up to 150,000 revolutions per minute, these nanomotors rotate 10 times faster than any nanoscale object submerged in liquid ever reported.

The discovery of this dizzying rate has opened up the possibility that they could be used not only for moving around inside the bodythe impetus for the researchbut also for high-speed machining and mixing.

Scientists have been studying how to make nanomotors move around in liquids for the past several years. A group at Penn State looking for a biologically friendly way to propel nanomotors first observed that metal nanorods were moving and rotating in response to ultrasound in 2012. Another group at the University of California San Diego then directed the metal rods' forward motion using a magnetic field. The Penn State group then demonstrated that these nanomotors could be propelled inside of a cancer cell.

But no one knew why or how fast the nanomotors were spinning. The latter being a measurement problem, researchers at NIST worked with the Penn State group to solve it.

"If nanomotors are to be used in a biological environment, then it is important to understand how they interact with the liquid and objects around them," says NIST project leader Samuel Stavis. "We used nanoparticles to trace the flow of water around the nanomotors, and we used that measurement to infer their rate of rotation. We found that the nanomotors were spinning surprisingly rapidly."

The NIST team clocked the nanomotors' rotation by mixing the 2-micrometer-long, 300-nanometer-wide gold rods with 400-nanometer-diameter polystyrene beads in water and putting them between glass and silicon plates with a speaker-type shaker beneath. They then vibrated the shaker at an ultrasonic tone of 3 megahertzmuch too high for you or your dog to hearand watched the motors and beads move.

As the motors rotate in water, they create a vortex around them. Beads that get close get swept up by the vortex and swirl around the rods. By measuring how far the beads are from the rods and how fast they move, the group was able to work out how quickly the motors were spinningwith an important caveat.

"The size of the nanorods is important in our measurements" says NIST physicist Andrew Balk. "We found that even small variations in the rod's dimensions cause large measurement uncertainties, so they need to be fabricated as uniformly as possible for future studies and applications."

According to the researchers, the speed of the nanomotors' rotation seems to be independent of their forward motion. Being able to control the "speed and feed" of the nanomotors independently would open up the possibility that they could be used as rotary tools for machining and mixing.

Future avenues of research include trying to discover exactly why the motors rotate and how the vortex around the rods affects their interactions with each other.


'/>"/>

Contact: Mark Esser
mark.esser@nist.gov
301-975-8735
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. DNA Test from DNA Spectrum Shows Heritage Like a Map of the Past
2. METTLER TOLEDO Shows How Tunable Diode Lasers (TDLs) Can Be Installed Where No TDLs Have Gone Before
3. Studies Show Pterostilbene Shows Promise for Anti-Aging and Maintaining Healthy Brain
4. Study shows how water dissolves stone, molecule by molecule
5. Clinical trial shows tongue-controlled wheelchair outperforms popular wheelchair navigation system
6. India Shows Commitment to Pharma Excellence at CPhI Worldwide 2013
7. Study shows over 200 mobile apps related to dermatology
8. Novel topological crystalline insulator shows mass appeal
9. Photonics Pros Love Their Work, New SPIE Survey Shows
10. Research Shows That SurePure Technology Offers Alternative to Thermal Pasteurization of Human Breast Milk
11. MedReps.com Report Shows Biotech Workers Earn the Most in Medical Sales
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
NIST shows ultrasonically propelled nanorods spin dizzyingly fast
(Date:5/25/2016)... FL (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... Lady ... eight she tore her cruciate ligament in her left knee. Lady’s owner Hannah sought ... a central Florida board-certified veterinary surgeon, to repair her cruciate ligament and help with ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... May 24, 2016 , ... Cell ... injuries, will be accelerated by research at Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) that yielded ... healing and tissue regeneration. , The novel method, developed by WPI faculty members ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... ... 24, 2016 , ... Last week, Callan Capital, an integrated wealth management firm ... Future of San Diego Life Science event at the Estancia La Jolla Resort and ... event with speakers Dr. Rich Heyman, former CEO of Aragon and Seragon, and Faheem ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... , ... May 23, 2016 , ... The need for blood donations in South Texas ... by the South Texas Blood & Tissue Center, blood donations are on the decline. In ... and they are down 21 percent in South Texas in the last four years alone. ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:3/17/2016)... March 17, 2016 ABI Research, the ... the global biometrics market will reach more than ... increase from 2015. Consumer electronics, particularly smartphones, continue ... sensors anticipated to reach two billion shipments by ... Dimitrios Pavlakis , Research Analyst at ABI Research. ...
(Date:3/14/2016)... NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the "Company"), a company ... of a new series of commercials on Time Warner Cable ... .  The commercials will air on Bloomberg TV, Fox Business ... show. --> NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" or the "Company"), ... the airing of a new series of commercials on Time ...
(Date:3/11/2016)... --> --> ... Recognition Market by Technology (Pattern Recognition), by Component (Hardware, ... Type (On-Premises and Cloud), by Industry Vertical and by ... the global market is expected to grow from USD ... 2020, at a CAGR of 19.1%. , ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):