Navigation Links
Improving logistics of biofuel raw materials
Date:2/21/2012

VANCOUVER, British Columbia If the increased use of biomass to produce alternative fuels is to become a reality, more attention needs to be paid to logistics how, for example, biomass raw materials are shipped from farm to refinery, as well as the development of better ways of preparing the products for shipping.

This is a subject being tackled by Michigan State University's Bruce Dale, a professor of chemical engineering and materials science, and is the topic of a symposium at this year's annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Feb. 16-20 in Vancouver, British Columbia.

Dale is suggesting a new model for getting the plant material to the biofuel production facility, or the biorefinery. The new model uses something called regional biomass processing depots strategically located facilities that will process the biofuel feedstocks before they are shipped to a refinery.

"The question has become how are we going to get together thousands of tons of plant material to convert to fuels," he said. "That's a logistical issue which is increasingly being recognized as a key barrier."

Presently there are only five large-scale refineries in the United States that are either under construction or near completion. Eventually, Dale said, there could be as many as several hundred of them scattered about the country, each processing as much as 5,000 tons of feedstock a day.

"The depots we're suggesting be built would process 100 to 200 tons of feedstock per day," Dale said. "Once processed, we could ship it much longer distances to the large-scale refineries."

Another plus to Dale's plan: Farmers could get a piece of the action.

"There could be some economic benefit to the farmers," he said. "They could own part of the depot and then share in some of the income from it."

Because biomass materials are bulky and have a tendency to decompose, preparation of the materials for shipping also is an issue to be addressed.

One potential solution is a process developed by Dale known as ammonia fiber expansion, or AFEX. This involves taking the material and treating it with hot, concentrated ammonia.

"You simply remove the ammonia, run the treated material through a briquette maker, similar to briquettes for your charcoal grill, and when you're done you have a dense, stable, storable material, that's easy to ship and convert to biofuel," he said.

"The ultimate goal is that the depots would help create a better way to ship the biomass and cut down on the distance they have to be shipped."


'/>"/>
Contact: Tom Oswald
tom.oswald@ur.msu.edu
517-432-0920
Michigan State University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology technology :

1. Emerging Lymphoma and Myeloma Treatments Focus on Improving Individual Patient Response
2. CPTA Takes a Step Toward Improving Patient Access to Physical Therapy Services
3. Improving microscopy by following the astronomers guide star
4. Iowa State, Ames Lab physicist developing, improving designer optical materials
5. 52-Week Phase 3 Study Found Investigational Drug Dapagliflozin Plus Metformin Similar to Glipizide Plus Metformin in Improving Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) in Adults with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
6. Caliper Owners Group Meeting Showcases Critical Role of Biopharma and Academic Researchers for Improving Healthcare and Quality of Life
7. Plant BioTech World Congress to Highlight Scientific Discoveries and Technologies Bringing New Hope to Feeding the World and Improving Lives
8. Elsevier Addresses Todays Healthcare Information Crisis With a Renewed Focus on Improving Quality and Efficiency
9. Soybean genome analysis reveals pathways for improving biodiesel
10. Nanomedicine Company Focuses on Improving Premature Infant Health and Reducing Death Rate
11. Improving Transfusion Safety: Fenwal, Verax Biomedical Sign Agreement for Rapid, Point-of-Care Bacteria Test
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Improving logistics of biofuel raw materials
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... ... PBI-Gordon Corporation is pleased to announce Dave Loecke has accepted the position ... PBI-Gordon, Dave has served in a wide variety of roles. His most recent position ... of many of PBI-Gordon’s most successful products. , “Dave has been essential to the ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... New Jersey and READING, ... Indegene ( http://www.indegene.com ), a leading ... to life science, pharmaceutical and healthcare organisations and ... of innovative scientific support throughout the product lifecycle, ... with the launch of IntraScience.      ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... FireflySci ... used in leading laboratories all over the globe. Their cute firefly logo has ... manufacturing awesome cuvettes, FireflySci makes spectrophotometer calibration standards that never require recalibration. ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... Md. (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... request for information (RFI) issued by the Office of the National Coordinator for ... patient experience, and determines if clinically relevant data were available when and where ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:5/16/2016)... YORK , May 16, 2016   EyeLock ... solutions, today announced the opening of an IoT Center ... to strengthen and expand the development of embedded iris ... an unprecedented level of convenience and security with unmatched ... authenticate one,s identity aside from DNA. EyeLock,s platform uses ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... GOTHENBURG, Sweden , April 28, 2016 ... 1,491.2 M (139.9), up 966% compared with the first quarter of ... Operating profit totaled SEK 589.1 M (loss: 18.8) and the operating ... SEK 7.12 (loss: 0.32) Cash flow from operations was ... , The 2016 revenue guidance is unchanged, SEK 7,000-8,500 M. ...
(Date:4/15/2016)... Research and Markets has announced ... 2016-2020,"  report to their offering.  , ... global gait biometrics market is expected to grow ... 2016-2020. Gait analysis generates multiple variables ... to compute factors that are not or cannot ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):