Navigation Links
Forensic familial search methods carry risk of certain false matches
Date:8/14/2013

Forensic DNA-based familial search methods may mistakenly identify individuals in a database as siblings or parents of an unknown perpetrator, when in fact they are distant relatives, according to research published August 14 in the open access journal PLOS ONE by Rori Rohlfs and colleagues from the University of California at Berkeley and New York University.

Familial searching is a new forensic technique to identify a perpetrator if a crime scene DNA sample has no matches in a DNA database. In such a situation, law enforcement can look for a partial match to a known person in the database -- a "near miss" -- in the hope that the closeness of the genetic profiles indicates that one of that person's relatives is the perpetrator. Familial searches can reliably distinguish first-degree relatives from unrelated individuals, but may misidentify distant relatives as being immediate family, according to this new research. As a result, second cousins, half- siblings and other relatives may be identified as siblings. The results suggest a 3-18% chance that a first cousin of a known offender could be misidentified as a full-sibling using current techniques, and up to a 42% chance that a half-sibling could be misidentified as a full-sibling.

The authors conclude that there exist two unanticipated likely outcomes of familial search policies. The study explains these as, "Investigations may wrongly target the immediate families of known offenders, because officers mistakenly believe that their lead is a first-degree relative. Second, investigations may ultimately probe far more deeply than initially imagined, because once officers are convinced that the source cannot be found among first degree relatives, they will widen their net of investigation to include more distant relations. Both of these consequences exacerbate the numerous ethical problems presented by familial searching."


'/>"/>

Contact: Jyoti Madhusoodanan
jmadhusoodanan@plos.org
415-568-4545
Public Library of Science
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology technology :

1. Photonics-Enabled Tools for Forensic Investigations to be Advanced at SPIE DSS
2. Elsevier Announces the Launch of a New Journal: Journal of Forensic Radiology and Imaging
3. Life Technologies New State-of-the-Art Manufacturing Facility in China Provides Forensics Labs Rapid Access to World-Leading DNA Testing Solutions
4. Forensic research extends detection of cyanide poisoning
5. Auditors Complete Kansas Bioscience Authority Forensic Audits
6. Cardiometabolic Health Congress Expert Faculty Evaluate the Clinical Implications of Newly FDA-Approved Treatment for Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia
7. BCC Research Publishes a New Report on Global Markets for Next Generation Sequencing (NGS)
8. ResearchMoz.us: RFID Blood Monitoring Systems (Blood Refrigerators and Freezers) Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast, 2013 - 2019
9. Opertech Bio Researchers Develop Method For High-Throughput Taste Evaluation
10. Public Offerings of Common Stock, Financial Results, and Significant Progress in Key Development Programs - Research Report on BioCryst, Exelixis, Idenix, Puma Biotechnology, and Halozyme
11. Global Adhesives and Sealants Market 2012-2016 - Worldwide Industry Growth, Opportunity, Players, Size And Forecast Research Report Available Online
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/10/2017)... , ... October 10, 2017 , ... ... Center’s FirstHand program has won a US2020 STEM Mentoring Award. Representatives of the ... for Excellence in Volunteer Experience from US2020. , US2020’s mission is to change ...
(Date:10/10/2017)... BARBARA, CALIFORNIA (PRWEB) , ... October 10, 2017 ... ... management, technological innovation and business process optimization firm for the life sciences and ... BoxWorks conference in San Francisco. , The presentation, “Automating GxP Validation ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... ... October 09, 2017 , ... At its national board meeting ... a professor in Harvard University’s Departments of Physics and Astronomy, has been selected for ... of the winning team for the 2015 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental physics for the ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... , ... October 06, 2017 ... ... in Hi-C-based genomic technologies, launched its ProxiMeta™ Hi-C metagenome deconvolution product, featuring ... kit and accompanying cloud-based bioinformatics software to perform Hi-C metagenome deconvolution using ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:3/29/2017)... CHICAGO , March 29, 2017  higi, the ... ecosystem in North America , today ... Partners and the acquisition of EveryMove. The new investment ... extensive set of tools to transform population health activities ... and lifestyle data. higi collects and secures ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... The Controller General of Immigration from Maldives Mr. Mohamed ... received the prestigious international IAIR Award for the most innovative high security ... ... Maldives Immigration Controller General, ... picture on the right) have received the IAIR award for the "Most ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition ... - Industry Forecast to 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Vehicle ... around 8.8% over the next decade to reach approximately $14.21 billion ... estimates and forecasts for all the given segments on global as ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):