Navigation Links
Failure of Iclusig, Ariad’s Pharmaceutical Drug, No Surprise to CBCD
Date:10/20/2013

Rochester, NY (PRWEB) October 20, 2013

The failure of Ariad Pharmaceutical’s leukemia drug, Iclusig is no surprise to the CBCD. If top management at Ariad, and/or their investors, had turned to the CBCD, the Center would have told them that the chance of completing a successful clinical trial was almost zero.

What’s the argument? The productivity crisis in pharmaceutical R&D.

Iclusig was designed to target one specific molecule. However, like every drug, it impacts more than the specific molecule it was designed to target. When a drug impacts the ‘other’ molecules, it causes adverse reactions, or side effects. This was clearly the case in the development of Iclusig because in this case, some of the ‘other’ molecules were actually known.

As the author of an article published in February, 2013 in the formulary management journal P & T wrote, “The primary target (of Iclusig) is Bcr-Abl, an abnormal tyrosine kinase that is expressed in CML and Ph+ ALL (2).” If one carefully notes, however, the drug also “selectively blocks other tyrosine kinases, including FLT3, RET, KIT, and the members of the fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR) and platelet-derived growth factor (PDGFR) families (2).”

What kind of adverse reactions resulted from Iclusig’s impact on the ‘other’ molecules?

The answer is frightening. “Serious and fatal cases of arterial thrombosis (the formulation of a blood clot) and liver injury have occurred during treatment… cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and peripheral vascular thrombosis, including fatal myocardial infarction (MI) (heart attack) and stroke have occurred in treated patients (2).”

In fact, because of these dangerous adverse reactions, “Ariad Pharmaceuticals Inc. abruptly terminated a pivotal clinical trial of its leukemia drug … a move that raised new safety questions and sent the company’s shares plunging more than 40 percent (1).”

Inclusig is another example of the failed “Single Target” paradigm, which is argued to be the underlying cause of the productivity crisis in pharmaceutical R&D. This paradigm is explained in a paper published on March, 2012 in the medical journal Nature Reviews. The paper said that “Much of the pharmaceutical industry's R&D is now based on the idea that high-affinity binding to a single biological target linked to a disease will lead to medical benefit in humans. Indeed, drug-like small molecules tend to bind promiscuously, and this sometimes turns out to have an important role in their efficacy as well as their so-called off-target effects. Targets are parts of complex networks leading to unpredictable effects, and biological systems show a high degree of redundancy, which could blunt the effects of highly targeted drugs (3).”

In simple terms, the idea that a drug binds with only one target is wishful thinking. As it turns out, every drug binds with many targets in the body, the desired one, and many others. Binding to the ‘other’ targets usually causes all the unwanted, surprising, side effects.

"If one doesn’t understand the complete biology of disease, aiming at one target requires praying for no collateral damage. Any drug that passes clinical trials under this paradigm is a miracle. But, miracles are rare, and unpredictable. Investors need to demand a change. They need to put an end to the “Single Target’ paradigm. Otherwise, a successful drug with no side effects will continue to remain elusive." - Greg Bennett, CBCD

In summary, the ‘Single Target’ paradigm pursued by the pharmaceutical industry is a failure. There is a growing need for a different approach.

The CBCD invites scientists, and investors interested in discussing such an approach to contact the Center at: info (at) CBCD (dot) net.

###

References:

(1)    http://www.bostonglobe.com/business/2013/10/18/ariad-pharmaceuticals-shares-plunge-company-ends-key-clinical-trial-its-blood-cancer-drug/JzFxAYwiANQsqWqmt3YmWN/story.html
(2)    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3628176/
(3)    http://www.nature.com/nrd/journal/v11/n3/full/nrd3681.html

The Center for the Biology of Chronic Disease (CBCD, http://www.cbcd.net) is a research center recognized by the IRS as a 501(c)(3) non-for-profit organization. The mission of the CBCD is to advance the research on the biology of chronic diseases, and to accelerate the discovery of treatments.

The CBCD published the “Purple” book by Dr. Hanan Polansky. The book presents Dr. Polansky’s highly acclaimed scientific theory on the relationship between foreign DNA and the onset of chronic diseases. Dr. Polansky’s book is available as a free download from the CBCD website.

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/10/prweb11249921.htm.


'/>"/>
Source: PRWeb
Copyright©2012 Vocus, Inc.
All rights reserved

Related biology technology :

1. NIH media availability: Protein linked to increased risk of heart failure and death in older adults
2. Heart Failure Society of America Annual Meeting To Feature Several Satellite Symposia
3. A new treatment for kidney disease-associated heart failure?
4. Blocking digestive enzymes may reverse shock, stop multiorgan failure
5. Galectin-3 Assessed as a Biomarker of Heart Failure: Key Clinical Trial Findings Published by Dove Medical Press
6. At Three Months Post Launch, Two-Thirds of Surveyed U.S. Rheumatologists Believe that Initiations of Pfizers Xeljanz in the Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment Algorithm Will Occur Following at Least Two Biologic Failures
7. SynCardia Total Artificial Heart Bridges Mother of Four with Congenital Heart Defect & Biventricular Heart Failure to Transplant
8. The Prevention of Heart Failure
9. Center Of Reproductive Medicine Participates In The Thrive-IVF Research Study To Help Improve Pregnancy Success Rates And Outcomes In Women With A History Of Repeated In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Failures
10. Houston Fertility Institute Participates In The Thrive-IVF Research Study To Help Improve Pregnancy Success Rates And Outcomes In Women With A History Of Repeated In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) Failures
11. Celladon Corporation Announces Publication of Long Term Follow-Up Results from the MYDICAR CUPID 1 Trial in Advanced Heart Failure
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... AMRI, ... and biotechnology industries to improve patient outcomes and quality of life, will now ... testing are being attributed to new regulatory requirements for all new drug products, ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... in its endogenous context, enabling overexpression experiments and avoiding the use of exogenous ... RNA guides is transformative for performing systematic gain-of-function studies. , This complement ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... Md. (PRWEB) , ... October 11, 2017 , ... ... digital pathology, announced today it will be hosting a Webinar titled, “Pathology is ... Advanced Pathology Associates , on digital pathology adoption best practices and how Proscia ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... ... October 11, 2017 , ... Disappearing forests and increased emissions are ... 5.5 million people each year. Especially those living in larger cities are affected by ... in one of the most pollution-affected countries globally - decided to take action. , ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:4/24/2017)... 24, 2017 Janice Kephart , ... Identity Strategy Partners, LLP (IdSP) , today issues ... President Trump,s March 6, 2017 Executive Order: ... vetting can be instilled with greater confidence, enabling ... all refugee applications are suspended by until at ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... , April 13, 2017 According to a new ... Authentication, Identity Analytics, Identity Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, Deployment Mode, ... IAM Market is expected to grow from USD 14.30 Billion in 2017 ... (CAGR) of 17.3%. ... MarketsandMarkets Logo ...
(Date:4/6/2017)... -- Forecasts by Product Type (EAC), Biometrics, ... (Transportation & Logistics, Government & Public Sector, Utilities / ... Facility, Nuclear Power), Industrial, Retail, Business Organisation (BFSI), Hospitality ... looking for a definitive report on the $27.9bn Access ... ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):