Navigation Links
Discovery of a 'dark state' could mean a brighter future for solar energy
Date:12/17/2011

AUSTIN, Texas The efficiency of conventional solar cells could be significantly increased, according to new research on the mechanisms of solar energy conversion led by chemist Xiaoyang Zhu at The University of Texas at Austin.

Zhu and his team have discovered that it's possible to double the number of electrons harvested from one photon of sunlight using an organic plastic semiconductor material.

"Plastic semiconductor solar cell production has great advantages, one of which is low cost," said Zhu, a professor of chemistry. "Combined with the vast capabilities for molecular design and synthesis, our discovery opens the door to an exciting new approach for solar energy conversion, leading to much higher efficiencies."

Zhu and his team published their groundbreaking discovery Dec. 16 in Science.

The maximum theoretical efficiency of the silicon solar cell in use today is approximately 31 percent, because much of the sun's energy hitting the cell is too high to be turned into usable electricity. That energy, in the form of "hot electrons," is instead lost as heat. Capturing hot electrons could potentially increase the efficiency of solar-to-electric power conversion to as high as 66 percent.

Zhu and his team previously demonstrated that those hot electrons could be captured using semiconductor nanocrystals. They published that research in Science in 2010, but Zhu says the actual implementation of a viable technology based on that research is very challenging.

"For one thing," said Zhu, "that 66 percent efficiency can only be achieved when highly focused sunlight is used, not just the raw sunlight that typically hits a solar panel. This creates problems when considering engineering a new material or device."

To circumvent that problem, Zhu and his team have found an alternative. They discovered that a photon produces a dark quantum "shadow state" from which two electrons can then be efficie
'/>"/>

Contact: Xiaoyang Zhu
zhu@cm.utexas.edu
512-471-9914
University of Texas at Austin
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology technology :

1. Affitech and Omeros Enter Into Antibody Discovery and Development Agreement
2. Concentric Named Professional Agency of Record for Discovery Labs SURFAXIN(R)
3. ChanTest to Highlight the Worlds Largest Catalog of Ion Channel-Expressing Cell Lines and Discovery Services at Ion Channel Targets, Booth 5
4. Biotechnology & Drug Discovery Markets Push Up Demand for Lab Automation Products, According to a New Report by Global Industry Analysts
5. Assay Designs(TM), Inc. and the Spinal Muscular Atrophy Foundation Announce Collaboration To Accelerate the Discovery of New Therapeutics for Spinal Muscular Atrophy (SMA)
6. ChanTest to Highlight the Worlds Largest Catalog of Ion Channel-Expressing Cell Lines and Discovery Services at Assays & Cellular Targets Conference, Booth 11
7. Affitech Announces Second Milestone in Roche Antibody Discovery Collaboration
8. The Lilly TB Drug Discovery Initiative Begins Work on New Compounds to Fill Early-Stage TB Drug Pipeline
9. Update: The Lilly TB Drug Discovery Initiative Begins Work on New Compounds to Fill Early-Stage TB Drug Pipeline
10. deCODE Discovery Sheds Light on Risk of the Most Common Form of Skin Cancer
11. Global Drug Discovery Technologies Market to Exceed $57 Billion by 2012, According to a New Report by Global Industry Analysts
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/15/2014)... RedBrick Health , a fast-growing leader in consumer ... EmblemHealth , the New York ... the RedBrick Compass health assessment, combined with the RedBrick ... members. EmblemHealth is among the first health plans in ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... VA (PRWEB) January 15, 2014 Two ... have continued their sponsorship of an annual competition for ... in, and access to, innovative STEM study. The competition ... TEAMS: Tests of Engineering Aptitude, Mathematics, and Sciences ...
(Date:1/15/2014)... Freeslate, Inc ., the leading provider ... Limited, one of India’s top five pharmaceutical companies, has ... for high throughput solid form screening. , ... wide range of quality, affordable generic and branded formulations ...
(Date:1/14/2014)... Carahsoft and CDS Federal Services have ... at 2pm EST (11am PST), “Natural Language Processing: Converting ... how technology can turn raw, heterogeneous data into actionable ... The online webinar will last approximately one hour. , ...
Breaking Biology Technology:EmblemHealth Selects RedBrick Health to Power its Next-Generation Health Engagement and Behavior Change System 2EmblemHealth Selects RedBrick Health to Power its Next-Generation Health Engagement and Behavior Change System 3Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 2Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 3Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 4Technology Student Association Partners with Leaders in STEM Education Advocacy for Annual Competition 5Lupin Selects Freeslate’s CM Protégé PharmD System to Accelerate Polymorph Screening for Drug Development 2Lupin Selects Freeslate’s CM Protégé PharmD System to Accelerate Polymorph Screening for Drug Development 3Webcast - Natural Language Processing: Converting Raw Data into Actionable Knowledge – Hosted by Carahsoft and CDS Federal Services 2
... Mass. and SYDNEY, Sept. 14, 2011 HeartWare International, ... a leading innovator of less invasive, miniaturized circulatory support ... failure, today announced that CEO Doug Godshall is scheduled ... at 10:30 a.m. ET on Wednesday, September 21, 2011. ...
... Sept. 14, 2011 Tengion, Inc. (NASDAQ: TNGN ... Davis, Vice President Finance and Chief Financial Officer of Tengion, ... on Monday, September 19, 2011, at 1:30 pm EDT. ... accessed under "Calendar of Events" in the Investors section of ...
... 13Researchers at Vanderbilt University have developed a new technique that ... tissue at multiple points simultaneously, a method that could help ... and change shape. UV lasers are a commonly-used ... incisions by vaporizing one point at a time in a ...
Cached Biology Technology:HeartWare to Present at the UBS Global Life Sciences Conference 2Tengion to Present at UBS Global Life Sciences Conference 2
(Date:4/23/2014)... Toronto Scarborough research shows that male black widow spiders ... a rare example of mate preference by male spiders. ... Emily MacLeod and Maydianne Andrade, a professor in UTSC,s ... studies and the wild that males overwhelmingly chose to ... black widows can tell whether a potential mate is ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... Scientists have conclusive evidence that the source of a ... Ocean and called the "bio-duck," is the Antarctic minke ... by submarine personnel in the 1960s who thought it ... recorded at various locations in the Southern Ocean, but ... In February 2013, an international team of researchers deployed ...
(Date:4/23/2014)... accurate group decision increases with the abundance of brains ... a variety of factors as often happens in ... smaller groups actually tend to make more accurate decisions ... certain pieces of information. , The findings present a ... or the "wisdom of crowds," wherein individual observations ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Picky male black widow spiders prefer well-fed virgins 2Scientists identify source of mysterious sound in the Southern Ocean 2Scientists identify source of mysterious sound in the Southern Ocean 3Too many chefs: Smaller groups exhibit more accurate decision-making 2Too many chefs: Smaller groups exhibit more accurate decision-making 3
... ARBOR, Mich. Researchers from the University of Michigan ... overexpressed in 90 percent of pancreatic cancers, the most ... Ataxia Telangiectasia Group D Complementing gene, called ATDC, is ... than in cells from a normal pancreas. What,s more, ...
... Germany March 2, 2009 >> Genomatix Software, a ... Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) data, announced today that Boehringer ... Mining Station and a Genomatix Genome Analyzer at its ... the only complete and integrated analysis solution for NGS ...
... of Illinois plant geneticist Stephen Moose has developed a corn ... that would make good silage, Moose said, due to a ... make it a good energy crop. The gene known ... giving corn seedlings a waxy coating that acts like a ...
Cached Biology News:U-M researchers ID gene involved in pancreatic cancer 2Boehringer Ingelheim uses Genomatix' Next Generation Sequencing data analysis systems 2Doubling a gene in corn results in giant biomass 2
... purified from egg white. The extinction coefficient , ... in 10 mM phosphate-buffered saline, pH ... sodium azide and 50% glycerol. Avidin (from egg ... is purified by molecular sieving and ...
Request Info...
Request Info...
... CELLection Dynabeads (4.5 m) coated with the ... EpCAM and DNase Releasing Buffer. For ... tumour cells directly from blood, bone marrow ... enriched from bone marrow. Enriched cells are ...
Biology Products: