Navigation Links
Cornell bioengineers discover the natural switch that controls spread of breast cancer cells
Date:1/23/2013

ITHACA, N.Y. With a desire to inhibit metastasis, Cornell biomedical engineers have found the natural switch between the body's inflammatory response and how malignant breast cancer cells use the bloodstream to spread. (PLOS ONE, Jan. 23, 2013)

Pro-inflammatory signaling molecules in blood called cytokines constitute a "switch" that induces the mechanism by which breast cancer cells "roll" and adhere to the blood vessel surface. The cancer cells eventually stick to the vessel and infiltrate it.

The laboratory of Michael R. King, Cornell professor of biomedical engineering has developed a flow chamber that mimics an inflamed endothelium (the blood vessel wall) and has used this to investigate the metastatic cascade.

In understanding the adhesive behavior of a particularly metastatic cell line, King and Yue Geng, graduate student in the field of biomedical engineering, discovered unexpectedly that these cells were unable to interact with selectins (receptor sites on the endothelium) a key step in the metastatic cascade. This mechanism is identical to how white blood cells infiltrate blood vessels to reach the site of inflammation.

Cancer has long been associated with inflammation the body's natural defense mechanism and now the researchers have demonstrated a definitive link. They found that the presence of pro-inflammatory molecules the cytokines IL-6 and TNF-alpha enable the malignant, hormone therapy-resistant breast cancer cells used in the study to adhere to the endothelial wall, leading to metastasis.

Before the cancer has spread, tumor cells first encounter IL-6 and TNF-alpha in the primary tumor's microenvironment. These cytokines induce proliferation and aggregation of cancer cells, triggering other cancer cells to secrete more cytokines, resulting in a positive feedback loop.

The bioengineers went on to design several different cell culture setups to culture cancer cells with human plasma, IL-6 and TNF-alpha to test their hypotheses that inflammatory molecules in blood may induce adhesion capability. All of them promoted breast cancer cell metastatic behavior.

To confirm the results, the scientists used more sophisticated, real-life 3-D tumor spheroids, which are more physiologically accurate. In fact, the spheroid tumor cells exhibited the most significant increase in the interaction between the cancer cells and the blood vessel. They also treated some of the samples with a known anti-inflammatory drug called Metformin, which blocks IL-6, and they found that these samples were not able to metastasize further accentuating their results.

Improving cancer treatment to fight metastasis via the bloodstream will depend on undoing this roll-and-stick mechanism of cancer cells, Geng says. The Cornell research could form the basis for immunotherapies to block the ligand-selectin binding of cancer cells, by first counteracting the inflammatory cytokines that, it seems, set the whole process in motion.


'/>"/>

Contact: John Carberry
jjc338@cornell.edu
607-255-5353
Cornell University
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. Biscayne Pharmaceuticals Closes $1.5 Million Financing To Advance Recent Discoveries Of Pioneering Endocrine Drug Researcher
2. Rice University discovers that graphene oxide soaks up radioactive waste
3. New Way to Kill Bed Bugs Discovered; Bed Bug Bully Says Use of Bed Bug Spray Remains the Better Technique to Kill the Pests
4. MIT researchers discover a new kind of magnetism
5. Automated design for drug discovery
6. Japan Bioinformatics Announces Study on Leading Mapping Tools for DNA Mutation Discovery
7. Research discovery could revolutionize semiconductor manufacture
8. Stem Cell Pioneer Recognized for 20 Years of Discovery and Innovation
9. Discovery could hold the key to super-sensory hearing
10. Sweet diesel! Discovery resurrects process to convert sugar directly to diesel
11. New discovery shows promise in future speed of synthesizing high-demand nanomaterials
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/4/2016)... --> --> Q BioMed ... provide the following update on recent corporate developments. ... months we have significantly increased our cash position through several ... result, we have positioned ourselves to execute on the initial ... that development to continue on schedule. --> ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... ... February 04, 2016 , ... ... leading supplier of Semantic Graph Database technology has been recognized As “ Best ... by Corporate America Magazine. , “At Corporate America, it’s our priority to showcase ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... Pa. , Feb. 3, 2016  Discovery ... company focused on developing aerosolized KL4 surfactant therapies ... of Directors has approved an inducement award as ... Fraser , its newly appointed President and Chief ... Board,s Compensation Committee on February 1, 2016 and ...
(Date:2/3/2016)... N.J. , Feb. 3, 2016 ... totaling more than $1 million for researchers in ... working on health-related research that demonstrates exciting potential. ... round of funding for the New Jersey Health Foundation ... faculty members at these educational institutions— Princeton University, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:1/13/2016)... 13, 2016 --> ... new market report titled - Biometric Sensors Market - Global ... - 2023. According to the report, the global biometric sensors market was ... to reach US$1,625.8 mn by 2023, expanding at a ... of volume, the biometric sensors market is expected to ...
(Date:1/8/2016)... MANCHESTER, United Kingdom , Jan. 8, 2016   ... diagnostic products, today announced the closing of a $9 million ... Proceeds from the financing will be used to accelerate the ... for detecting early-stage pressure ulcers. United ... receiving CE Mark approval. The device,s introduction has been met ...
(Date:1/7/2016)... -- A United States District Court in Illinois ... to interpret a biometric privacy statute in a decision ... photo website Shutterfly brought by the law firm Carey Rodriguez ... SHUTTERFLY, INC.; and THISLIFE, INC ( N.D. Ill ., ... Illinois Biometric Privacy Act by collecting and scanning face ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):