Navigation Links
Connecting the (quantum) dots
Date:2/26/2013

PITTSBURGHRecent research offers a new spin on using nanoscale semiconductor structures to build faster computers and electronics. Literally.

University of Pittsburgh and Delft University of Technology researchers reveal in the Feb. 17 online issue of Nature Nanotechnology a new method that better preserves the units necessary to power lightning-fast electronics, known as qubits (pronounced CUE-bits). Hole spins, rather than electron spins, can keep quantum bits in the same physical state up to 10 times longer than before, the report finds.

"Previously, our group and others have used electron spins, but the problem was that they interacted with spins of nuclei, and therefore it was difficult to preserve the alignment and control of electron spins," said Sergey Frolov, assistant professor in the Department of Physics and Astronomy within Pitt's Kenneth P. Dietrich School of Arts and Sciences, who did the work as a postdoctoral fellow at Delft University of Technology in the Netherlands.

Whereas normal computing bits hold mathematical values of zero or one, quantum bits live in a hazy superposition of both states. It is this quality, said Frolov, which allows them to perform multiple calculations at once, offering exponential speed over classical computers. However, maintaining the qubit's state long enough to perform computation remains a long-standing challenge for physicists.

"To create a viable quantum computer, the demonstration of long-lived quantum bits, or qubits, is necessary," said Frolov. "With our work, we have gotten one step closer."

The holes within hole spins, Frolov explained, are literally empty spaces left when electrons are taken out. Using extremely thin filaments called InSb (indium antimonide) nanowires, the researchers created a transistor-like device that could transform the electrons into holes. They then precisely placed one hole in a nanoscale box called "a quantum dot" and controlled the spin of that hole using electric fields. This approach featuring nanoscale size and a higher density of devices on an electronic chipis far more advantageous than magnetic control, which has been typically employed until now, said Frolov.

"Our research shows that holes, or empty spaces, can make better spin qubits than electrons for future quantum computers."

"Spins are the smallest magnets in our universe. Our vision for a quantum computer is to connect thousands of spins, and now we know how to control a single spin," said Frolov. "In the future, we'd like to scale up this concept to include multiple qubits."


'/>"/>

Contact: B. Rose Huber
rhuber@pitt.edu
412-624-4356
University of Pittsburgh
Source:Eurekalert

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2017)... Ca (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2017 , ... ... of Terumo BCT case studies, describing how process development and economic ... new results of T-cell expansion using a hollow-fiber bioreactor system, along with techniques ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 23, 2017 , ... Triumph ... modular buildings, announced the launch of the Mobile Big Room. This state-of-the-art ... help support on-site teamwork and collaboration. , The Mobile Big Room enables ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... Westminster, Colorado (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... ... amaranth as the most troublesome and difficult to control weed in 12 categories of ... found. , Almost 200 weed scientists across the U.S. and Canada participated in the ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... Vortex ... of “Label-free isolation of prostate circulating tumor cells using Vortex microfluidic technology ” ... result of a collaboration with Dr. Dino Di Carlo and Dr. Matthew Rettig at ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:4/4/2017)... YORK , April 4, 2017   EyeLock ... today announced that the United States Patent and Trademark ... patent broadly covers the linking of an iris image ... same transaction) and represents the company,s 45 th ... latest patent is very timely given the multi-modal biometric ...
(Date:3/29/2017)...  higi, the health IT company that operates the ... , today announced a Series B investment from ... The new investment and acquisition accelerates higi,s strategy to ... population health activities through the collection and workflow integration ... collects and secures data today on behalf of over ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... The report "Gesture Recognition and Touchless Sensing Market by Technology (Touch-based and Touchless), ... published by MarketsandMarkets, the market is expected to be worth USD 18.98 billion ... Continue Reading ... ...      (Logo: ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):