Ischemic diseases constitute the largest segment of the medical market in the United States and in almost all developed countries worldwide. For example, in the U.S. and other developed countries, an estimated 1.4 million people experience cardiac arrest each year, of which an increasing number (currently about 350,000) survive to receive advanced care. The AHA guidelines now recommend the use of therapeutic cooling as part of the critical care procedures for patients with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest following ventricular fibrillation. With respect to heart attacks, an estimated 325,000 people in the U.S., and approximately 375,000 people outside the U.S., receive emergency angioplasty or anti-clotting treatment as first-line care. Cardium and InnerCool recently announced positive preclinical effects of hypothermia following heart attack and announced a clinical study being co-sponsored by a leading cardiology center in Sweden.
In the area of stroke, approximately 700,000 Americans experience a stroke each year, and a comparable number of patients are affected outside the U.S. Although tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) has been shown to lessen damage associated with a stroke, particularly if it can be administered within three hours of onset, many stroke patients continue to suffer advanced neurologic damage even though they have received tPA. More importantly, most stroke victims do not arrive at the hospital in time to be candidates for tPA. The American Stroke Association (ASA) has now identified the use of therapeutic hypothermia as a promising area of research for the potential treatment of stroke victims, and it is the subject of ongoing clinical studies being sponsored by InnerCool Therapies and supported by the U.S. National Institutes of Health.
For fever control, surface cooling devices are becoming
|SOURCE Cardium Therapeutics, Inc.|
Copyright©2008 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved