Navigation Links
Breath study brings roadside drug testing closer
Date:4/25/2013

A group of researchers from Sweden have provided further evidence that illegal drugs can be detected in the breath, opening up the possibility of a roadside breathalyzer test to detect substances such as cocaine, amphetamines and cannabis.

Using a simple, commercially available breath sampler, the researchers have successfully identified a range of 12 substances in the breath of 40 patients recruited from a drug emergency clinic in Stockholm.

Their findings have been published today, 26 April, in IOP Publishing's Journal of Breath Research.

Blood, urine and saliva are the most popular methods for detecting illegal drugs and are already used by law enforcement in a number of countries; however, exhaled breath is seen as a promising alternative as it's easier to collect, non-invasive, less prone to adulteration and advantageous when location becomes an obstacle, such as at the roadside.

Exhaled breath contains very small particles that carry non-volatile substances from the airway lining fluid. Any compound that has been inhaled, or is present in the blood, may contaminate this fluid and pass into the breath when the airways open. The compounds will then be exhaled and can subsequently be detected.

In this study, researchers from the Karolinska Institute in Stockholm collected breath, blood plasma and urine samples from 47 patients (38 males, 9 females) who had taken drugs in the previous 24 hours and were recovering at a drug addiction emergency clinic.

Interviews were also undertaken with each patient to assess their history of drug use.

The breath samples were taken using a commercially available sampling device SensAbues and then analysed using liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry.

The portable sampling device consists of a mouth piece and a micro-particle filter. When a patient breathes into the mouth piece, saliva and larger particles are separated from the
'/>"/>

Contact: Michael Bishop
michael.bishop@iop.org
01-179-301-032
Institute of Physics
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology technology :

1. Medzilla.com Special Report: Unemployed Can Breathe a Little Freer After Supreme Court's Affordable Care Act Ruling
2. Breathe Better With Clarity Allergy Center
3. Next Breath Receives ISO/IEC 17025:2005 Accreditation from the American Association for Laboratory Accreditation
4. Researchers look to breath to identify stress
5. Positive Clinical Study Results for BSPs HyperQ Technology
6. 15-Minute Data From Phase 3 Study of Avanafil Featured as a Late Breaking Abstract at SMSNA Annual Meeting
7. DermTechs Non-invasive Melanoma Detection Assay Poised to Enter Clinical Validation Study
8. Marshall study shows nanoparticles used as additives in diesel fuels can travel from lungs to liver
9. Clionsky Neuro Systems (CNS-Neuro) Announces Publication of Study Finding Elderly Patients Unable to Recognize Their Memory Loss
10. Convergence Pharmaceuticals Initiates Phase I Multiple Ascending Dose Study for CNV2197944
11. AtheroNova Inc. Preclinical Study Demonstrates 95% Reduction in Arterial Plaque Formation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/22/2014)... Dr. Williams says, “Bush has joined ... that the greatest health care system in the world ... deadly while trying to serve the public. Unfortunately, Bush ... transform an enormous system that none of them can ... continuing series of Open Letters ( http://is.gd/wdU2CM ) provides ...
(Date:7/21/2014)... Applying just the right amount of tension to a ... metallic conductor to an insulator, according to Rice University ... a hard-to-make, one-dimensional chain of carbon atoms -- by ... in ways that engineers might find useful for mechanically ... Rice theoretical physicist Boris Yakobson and his colleagues appears ...
(Date:7/21/2014)... , July 21, 2014  Mike Patterson, CEO ... $1.6 million in Series Seed B funding to ... sensors for the life science, defense, intelligence, and ... Partners led the round and was joined by ... Said Patterson , "This round of funding ...
(Date:7/20/2014)... Richland, Wash. -- When nuclear fuel gets recycled, the ... uranium in rock contaminates basements with the related gas ... these gases, and research appearing July 20 in ... let the gases in but not out. , ... or hazardous radioactive elements from nuclear fuel or air ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Dr. Ira Williams Asks What’s Wrong With Jonathan Bush’s Book, Where Does It Hurt? 2Carbyne morphs when stretched 2Carbyne morphs when stretched 3Global Graphene Manufacturing Leader, Graphene Frontiers, Receives Series Seed B Funding To Assure Production Of The Next Generation Of Biological And Chemical Sensor Technology 2A noble gas cage 2A noble gas cage 3
... N.J., Nov. 4 Cambrex,Corporation (NYSE: CBM ) reports third ... (Logo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20000613/CAMBREXLOGO ), -- Sales increased ... third quarter 2007. -- Adjusted EBITDA for the quarter was ... $9.7 million last year. -- Debt, net of cash was ...
... - Oncolytics Biotech Inc.,("Oncolytics") (TSX:ONC, NASDAQ:ONCY) announced ... pursue a pivotal (Phase II/III) randomized trial ... refractory,patients with head and neck cancers. The ... by the Company,s Board of Directors from ...
... Md., Nov. 4 PharmAthene, Inc.,(NYSE Alternext US: ... and chemical threats, announced today,that David P. Wright, ... at the Rodman and Renshaw 10th Annual Healthcare ... beginning at 2:25 p.m. E.T. in the,Holmes II ...
Cached Biology Technology:Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 2Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 3Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 4Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 5Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 6Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 7Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 8Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 9Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 10Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 11Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 12Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 13Cambrex Reports Third Quarter 2008 Results 14Oncolytics Biotech Inc. Announces Decision to Pursue Phase II/III Pivotal Clinical Trial 2
(Date:7/21/2014)... Growers of annual bedding plant seedlings or plugs ... a large stem diameter and high root dry ... during shipping and transplant. To achieve these desirable ... on supplemental lighting from high-pressure sodium lamps during ... diodes (LEDs) can give greenhouse growers other lighting ...
(Date:7/21/2014)... their cells are stressed when facing temperature extremes. Worse ... in the cell are slowed down more than others, ... of whack. Yet, those cells manage to keep their ... Rochester and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory have found ... of proteins is a key process in all cells, ...
(Date:7/20/2014)... A study of 473 sets of twins followed since ... of 24-month-old identical twins had language delay compared to ... the rate of late language emergence of single-born children. ... , The results of the study were published in ... Hearing Research . , University of Kansas Distinguished ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):LEDs shine in bedding plant production study 2When temperatures get cold, newly-discovered process helps fruit flies cope 2Large twin study suggests that language delay due more to nature than nurture 2Large twin study suggests that language delay due more to nature than nurture 3
... things that exist underground, plant roots are out-of-sight and ... plant parts are more familiar, plant roots are equally ... crop, and dazzling ornamental lies a root system that ... for plants, extract water and nutrients from soil, and ...
... Since the terrorist attacks of 2001, the Bureau of ... water and power to millions of people, has invested ... protect its facilities and personnel, says a new report ... better communication among security staff, regional and area office ...
... WI, AUGUST 18, 2008 Serpentine soils contain highly ... farming. Successful management of serpentine soils requires accurate measurement ... in the Soil Science Society of America Journal ... accurately measure calcium content in serpentine soils. To ...
Cached Biology News:Getting to the root of the matter 2National Research Council report on security at federally managed dams 2National Research Council report on security at federally managed dams 3