Navigation Links
A quantum dot energy harvester
Date:2/14/2013

A new type of nanoscale engine has been proposed that would use quantum dots to generate electricity from waste heat, potentially making microcircuits more efficient.

"The system is really a simple one, which exploits certain properties of quantum dots to harvest heat," Professor Andrew Jordan of the University of Rochester said. "Despite this simplicity, the power it could generate is still larger than any other nanoengine that has been considered until now." The engines would be microscopic in size, and have no moving parts. Each would only produce a tiny amount of power a millionth or less of what a light bulb uses. But by combining millions of the engines in a layered structure, Jordan says a device that was a square inch in area could produce about a watt of power for every one degree difference in temperature. Enough of them could make a notable difference in the energy consumption of a computer.

A paper describing the new work is being published in Physical Review B by Jordan, a theoretical physics professor, and his collaborators, Bjrn Sothmann and Markus Buttiker from the University of Geneva, and Rafael Snchez from the Material Sciences Institute in Madrid. Jordan explained that each of the proposed nanoengines is based on two adjacent quantum dots, with current flowing through one and then the other. Quantum dots are manufactured systems that due to their small size act as quantum mechanical objects, or artificial atoms.

The path the electrons have to take across both quantum dots can be adjusted to have an uphill slope. To make it up this (electrical) hill, electrons need energy. They take the energy from the middle of the region, which is kept hot, and use this energy to come out the other side, higher up the hill. This removes heat from where it is being generated and converts it into electrical power with a high efficiency.

To do this, the system makes use of a quantum mechanical effect called resonant tunneling, which means the quantum dots act as perfect energy filters. When the system is in the resonant tunneling mode, electrons can only pass through the quantum dots when they have a specific energy that can be adjusted. All other electrons that do not have this energy are blocked.

Quantum dots can be grown in a self-assembling way out of semiconductor materials. This allows for a practical way to produce many of these tiny engines as part of a larger array, and in multiple layers, which the authors refer to as the Swiss Cheese Sandwich configuration.

How much electrical power is produced depends on the temperature difference across the energy harvester the higher the temperature difference, the higher the power that will be generated. This requires good insulation between the hot and cold regions, Jordan says.


'/>"/>

Contact: Leonor Sierra
lsierra@ur.rochester.edu
University of Rochester
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology technology :

1. In new quantum-dot LED design, researchers turn troublesome molecules to their advantage
2. Pitt discoveries in quantum physics could change face of technology
3. Michael Cusumano, MITs Sloan Distinguished Professor of Management, Joins Quantum Leap Innovations Board of Directors
4. Quantum computing has applications in magnetic imaging, say Pitt researchers
5. Smaller and more powerful electronics requires the understanding of quantum jamming physics
6. Graphene quantum dots: The next big small thing
7. A new class of electron interactions in quantum systems
8. Single molecules in a quantum movie
9. Quantum control protocols could lead to more accurate, larger scale quantum computations
10. Quantum computer built inside a diamond
11. Raising the prospects for quantum levitation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/20/2017)... Dutch philosopher Koert van Mensvoort - founder of the Next Nature Network ... - has written a ,Letter to Humanity, in support of International ... a slave and victim to its own technology, but to employ technology to ... ... – founder of the Next Nature Network and Fellow of ‘Next Nature’ at ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... April 18, 2017 , ... A number ... advances. This webinar, which is part of the Protein and Cell Analysis Education ... and outline where this technology fits in current and future applications. , Many ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... ... April 19, 2017 , ... ThermaGenix, the PCR Improvement Company, ... to several other early achievements at ThermaGenix, including the business formation and licensing ... ThermaGenix will use proceeds from the Series A-1 round to:, ...
(Date:4/19/2017)... Calif. , April 19, 2017  As ... Drug Abuse and Heroin Summit ,  Proove® Biosciences, ... study analyzing genetics, environmental, and lifestyle factors to ... from the University of Southern California (USC), the ... , and Proove publish results showing that Proove ...
Breaking Biology Technology:
(Date:3/30/2017)... Trends, opportunities and forecast in this market ... (fingerprint, AFIS, iris recognition, facial recognition, hand geometry, vein ... use industry (government and law enforcement, commercial and retail, ... others), and by region ( North America ... Pacific , and the Rest of the World) ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... 28, 2017 The report "Video ... Monitors, Servers, Storage Devices), Software (Video Analytics, VMS), and ... Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the market ... is projected to reach USD 75.64 Billion by 2022, ... The base year considered for the study is 2016 ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... MILAN , March 24, 2017 The Controller ... Deputy Controller Mr. Abdulla Algeen have received the prestigious international ... Continue Reading ... ... small picture) and Deputy Controller Abdulla Algeen (small picture on the right) ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):