Navigation Links
Scientists ID molecular 'switch' in liver that triggers harmful effects of saturated and trans fats

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute researchers have identified a molecular mechanism in the liver that explains, for the first time, how consuming foods rich in saturated fats and trans-fatty acids causes elevated blood levels of cholesterol and triglycerides and increases one's risk of heart disease and certain cancers.

In the Jan. 28 issue of Cell, scientists led by Bruce Spiegelman, PhD, report that the harmful effects of saturated and trans fats are set in motion by a biochemical switch, or co-activator, in liver cells called PGC-1beta.

Until now, scientists lacked a detailed explanation of how saturated and trans fats caused an increase in blood cholesterol and triglycerides, while diets high in unsaturated and polyunsaturated fats did not. Evidence pointed to the liver, which is responsible for the body's synthesis of triglycerides and cholesterol, but the molecular chain of events from eating fats to the buildup of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood were unknown.

"What we have found is a missing link, a mechanism by which saturated fats and trans fats can do their dirty work," said Spiegelman, who carries out basic research on fat cells and metabolic pathways in diabetes and cancer at Dana-Farber. "It offers the opportunity to try to understand what makes these fatty acids so deleterious, and what we need to avoid."

Moreover, it is possible that in the future, drug therapy might be used to "turn down" the mechanism, decreasing cholesterol levels and heart disease risk, explained Spiegelman, who is also a professor of cell biology at Harvard Medical School.

Saturated fats are found in fatty cuts of meat, whole-milk dairy products, butter, and palm and coconut oils; they are associated with higher risk of coronary disease. The healthier polyunsaturated fats are those that remain liquid at room temperature, such as various types of vegetable oils.

Trans-unsaturated fatty acids, or trans fats, are artificially prod
'"/>

Source:Dana-Farber Cancer Institute


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Scientists Replicate Hepatitis C Virus in Laboratory
2. Scientists detect probable genetic cause of some Parkinsons disease cases
3. Scientists find missing enzyme for tuberculosis iron scavenging pathway
4. Scientists seek answers on what activates deadly anthrax spores
5. Yale Scientists Find MicroRNA Regulates Ras Cancer Gene
6. Scientists collaborate to assess health of global environment
7. Scientists decipher genome of fungus that can cause life-threatening infections
8. Scientists discover the cellular roots of graying hair
9. Scientists rid stem cell culture of key animal cells
10. Scientists develop new color-coded test for protein folding
11. Scientists identify genetic pathways essential to RNA interference
Post Your Comments:
(Date:1/22/2015)... , Jan. 22, 2015 Research and Markets ... of the "Global Wearable Technologies Market and ... Overview, Trends and Forecast 2014-2020" report to ... are smart devices that can be worn on ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... CHARLOTTE, N.C. , Jan. 22, 2015 Infinisource has ... introduction of the G2 model. The G2 sets a higher ... company,s iSolved human capital management solution. With plug-and-play installation, touch ... G2 time clock provides a robust time collection solution for ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... 2014  NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD and NXTDW) ... the growing mobile commerce market, announces it has retained famous ... the 2015 International CES debut of the Wocket™ biometric smart ... at the NXT-ID booth January 6th and 7 th , ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Global Wearable Technologies Market and Applications, Opportunities, Industry Analysis, Segmentation, Size, Growth, Share, Overview, Trends and Forecast 2014-2020 2Infinisource's NXG series sets new time clock standard 2NXT-ID Hires Master Pickpocket and Security Consultant Apollo Robbins for Wocket Smart Wallet CES 2015 Debut 2NXT-ID Hires Master Pickpocket and Security Consultant Apollo Robbins for Wocket Smart Wallet CES 2015 Debut 3NXT-ID Hires Master Pickpocket and Security Consultant Apollo Robbins for Wocket Smart Wallet CES 2015 Debut 4
... Biophysical Society is pleased to announce that it will ... with the International Biophysics Congress in Long Beach, California, ... talks and poster sessions that take place during the ... to discuss current policy issues facing our nation. The ...
... New research at the University of Chicago finds evidence ... the pain of loneliness: They create people in their ... not a very efficient way to alleviate ones loneliness, ... to do so, said Nicholas Epley, Assistant Professor of ...
... This release is also available in French . ... to community involvement today with a $1-million donation to ... and Hospital (MNI), affiliated with McGill University and the ... $40-million initiative to invest in people and expand facilities ...
Cached Biology News:Biophysical Society to host discussions on the teaching of evolution and on the energy crisis 2People not always needed to alleviate loneliness 2People not always needed to alleviate loneliness 3Building the future -- 21st century nano tools to repair the nervous system 2
(Date:1/22/2015)...   Cypher Genomics, Inc., the leading genome ... SQNM ), the leading molecular diagnostics company, today ... prenatal tests (NIPT). Through this agreement, Sequenom will ... advance analysis of clinically-relevant fetal sub-chromosomal variants detected ...
(Date:1/22/2015)...  Derma Sciences, Inc. (Nasdaq: DSCI ), ... care, announces that AMNIOEXCEL® and AMNIOMATRIX®, amniotic allografts ... the Premier, Inc. Regenerative Skin Grafting contract portfolio. ... and AMNIOMATRIX® product lines, which continue to be ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... NEW YORK , Dec. 24, 2014 PlasmaTech ... care in critical areas, announced the closing of an underwritten ... to purchase up to an aggregate 3,500,000 shares of common ... $.01 per warrant.  The warrants have a per share exercise ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... 23, 2014 “Preparative & Process ... Flash), Consumables (Columns, Solvents, Buffers, Valves, Guages, Seals), ... Agriculture) - Forecasts to 2019” provides a detailed ... current market trends, and strategies impacting the preparative ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 2Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 3Cypher Genomics and Sequenom Announce Development Agreement 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 2Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 3Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 4Derma Sciences Expands Access of its AMNIOTIC TISSUE Product Line with New Premier, Inc. Agreement 5PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 3Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 2Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 3Preparative and Process Chromatography Market is expected to reach $9 billion by 2019 - New Report by Marketsandmarkets 4
... U.S. Biogeneric Agents to Reach $2 Billion in Sales by 2016, ... New ... Resources, Inc., one,of the world,s leading research and advisory firms for ... with biologic sales of more than $14 billion in 2006, and ...
... States Boyden Global Executive Search ,Helps Businesses Find the ... ... Boyden Global Executive Search of,Summit is featured in the September ... of the New Jersey Business and,Industry Association (NJBIA), the largest state ...
... N.C., Sept. 5 A study in ... the use of the GlycoMark,1,5-anhydroglucitol (1,5-AG) blood ... especially to target postprandial hyperglycemia (elevated,after-meal glucose ... achieving optimal glycemic control and reducing the ...
Cached Biology Technology:Amgen and Genentech Brace Themselves for Heavy Pressure From Biogenerics Manufacturers 2Boyden's Summit Practice Featured in the September Issue of New Jersey Business Magazine 2Study Supports Use of GlycoMark Blood Test to Evaluate Therapy in Children with Diabetes 2
The LIC Duet™ Mini Adaptor encodes a T7 promoter, lac operator, ribosome binding site (rbs), and an ATG translation initation codon. This adaptor is designed for expression of a target protei...
... these culture chambers produce cell yields in ... range and are useful alternatives to multiple ... mechanical • strength and structural integrity • ... Certified nonpyrogenic and sterilized by gamma irradiation, ...
ABgene® supplies a 94kDa ultra-pure recombinant thermostable DNA polymerase obtained by high level expression of the Taq DNA polymerase gene in E. coli....
...
Biology Products: