Navigation Links
New World founders small in number

About 14,000 years ago - a few hundred thousand years after our putative modern forebears spread out from Africa - descendants of archaic humans crossed the Bering land bridge from Siberia to North America. Several lines of evidence support this model, but that's where the consensus ends and the details are hotly debated. In a paper published in the premier open-access journal PLoS Biology, Jody Hey now reveals how the sizes of the first New World populations have changed since they were founded. His new approach shows that the New World was colonized by a surprisingly small population with an effective size of only about 70 individuals (those individuals likely to contribute genes to the next generation).

Hey's approach addresses shortcomings in traditional population genetic studies that rely on just one gene and that assume that population sizes have been constant over time. Studying levels of DNA sequence variation at a single genomic region, or loci, can offer insight into the history of that gene, but the stochastic nature of gene evolution means that different genes have different histories. Hey analyzed DNA sequences from nine loci, so that the population genetic history could be found despite variation among genes. He also added an additional parameter to standard models to incorporate changes in the size of the ancestral population and of each founder population through time.

His analysis suggests that only about 70 individuals left their ancestral Asian population (estimated at about 9,000 individuals) to reach America 7,000 to 14,000 years ago. Archaeological evidence places the earliest American inhabitants in the New World at around 14,000 years ago. Though Hey's estimates are more recent, they also indicate a high probability at this time period. With this new approach, researchers will be able to explore this and many other questions to fill in the details of the first American immigration.

Citation: Hey J (2005) On the number
'"/>

Source:Public Library of Science


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Worlds largest rainforest drying experiment completes first phase
2. World-first Living Donor Islet Cell Transplant A Success; Procedure Offers Promise For Diabetics
3. New Estimates For The Causes Of Child Deaths Worldwide
4. OneWorld Health drug receives Orphan designation from U.S. and European regulatory agencies
5. Measles Deaths Worldwide Drop By Nearly 40% Over Five Years
6. Ancient DNA helps clarify the origins of two extinct New World horse species
7. UN: World in big ecological mess
8. IMF Launches World’s First DNA Database for Myeloma Patients
9. World-first technology enables study of ancient bacteria
10. Biologist Discovers What May Be World’s ‘Pickiest?Mates
11. Ancient trans-Atlantic swarm brought locusts to the New World
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: New World founders small number

(Date:10/29/2014)... of kidney cancer patients in Europe sheds light on ... an apparent link between exposure to aristolochic acid and ... research, by an international team led by scientists from ... Montreal, underscores the importance of investigating possible sources of ... of the Aristolochia genus, also has been suspected of ...
(Date:10/28/2014)... German . , ... food when times are lean? By studying wild chimpanzees ... of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in ... apes can acquire extra energy needed to maintain large, ... nests more en route to breakfast sites containing fruits ...
(Date:10/28/2014)... of Health (NIH) announced awards to expand the ... National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (ORDR-NCATS) collaborative ... the network, physician scientists at 22 consortia will ... clinical research and investigate new treatments for patients ... by $29 million in fiscal 2014 funding from ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Study sheds light on genetic architecture of kidney cancer 2Study sheds light on genetic architecture of kidney cancer 3The early chimp gets the fig 2The early chimp gets the fig 3NIH's ORDR-NCATS RDCRN & NICHD awards U54 cooperative agreement for natural history study 2NIH's ORDR-NCATS RDCRN & NICHD awards U54 cooperative agreement for natural history study 3
... IN Traditional turfgrass management programs rely heavily ... In response to increased public scrutiny and legislation, ... but research indicates that these alternatives have not ... lawn care industry. Results of a new study ...
... as the great pandemia of the XXI century. Recent data ... suffering from overweight, of which 300 million are clinically obese. ... worrying increase, with more than 155 million children and adolescents ... Biologist Aline Jelenkovic analysed to what point corporal morphology was ...
... QUEBEC, CANADA A study in HortTechnology ... reducing solar heat radiation and temperatures during the hot ... Canadian researchers, was the first investigation into the effects ... shading method. Results showed that the technology improved greenhouse ...
Cached Biology News:Turfgrass fertility, pesticide programs compared 2The amount of adipose tissue should be taken into account in the fight against obesity 2The amount of adipose tissue should be taken into account in the fight against obesity 3New technology improves greenhouse, plant microclimates 2
(Date:10/27/2014)... 27, 2014 The new research ... (High & Medium), Sub-type (Primary & Secondary), and ... & Transportation & Power Generation) - Trends and ... market with analysis and forecasting of the market ... Tables with 52 Figures spread through 146 Pages ...
(Date:10/27/2014)... TORONTO , Oct. 27, 2014 ... (OTCQB: GNBT) today announced two presentations demonstrating that ... its novel proprietary cancer immunotherapeutic AE37 vaccine correlated ... patients. The AE37 cancer vaccine is being developed ... ( www.antigenexpress.com ). The presentations are being made ...
(Date:10/27/2014)... 27, 2014 The “Molecular Diagnostic ... Microbiology), Technology (PCR, INAAT, DNA Sequencing), End User ... Software) - Global Forecast to 2018” provides a ... opportunities, current market trends, and strategies impacting the ... and forecasts of the revenue and share analysis. ...
(Date:10/27/2014)... 27, 2014 Called the NOAH ... eliminating several types of pediatric brain cancer. The ... in over 30 years of research and development. ... proves that one mom's determination can make a ... Halloween trick-or-treating, and it’s only fitting that we’ve ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Gas Insulated Switchgear Market worth $21,951.9 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Gas Insulated Switchgear Market worth $21,951.9 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Gas Insulated Switchgear Market worth $21,951.9 Million by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Generex Announces Presentations Correlating Immunological Response with Reduced Recurrence in Phase II Study of AE37 Breast Cancer Vaccine in Patients at the American College of Surgeons 2Generex Announces Presentations Correlating Immunological Response with Reduced Recurrence in Phase II Study of AE37 Breast Cancer Vaccine in Patients at the American College of Surgeons 3Generex Announces Presentations Correlating Immunological Response with Reduced Recurrence in Phase II Study of AE37 Breast Cancer Vaccine in Patients at the American College of Surgeons 4Global Molecular Diagnostics Market Will Reach $7.9 Billion by 2018 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Global Molecular Diagnostics Market Will Reach $7.9 Billion by 2018 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Global Molecular Diagnostics Market Will Reach $7.9 Billion by 2018 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 4Global Molecular Diagnostics Market Will Reach $7.9 Billion by 2018 - New Research Report by MarketsandMarkets 5FDA Approves Breakthrough in Pediatric Brain Cancer - First in 30 Years 2FDA Approves Breakthrough in Pediatric Brain Cancer - First in 30 Years 3
... Calif., Feb. 17 Avantis Medical Systems, Inc., a ... announced today that it has received a new 510(k) ... the claim for increased detection of cancerous and pre-cancerous ... technology that has been cleared by the FDA to ...
... as Senior Scientist , BURLINGTON, Mass., ... expansion of its executive team with the appointment ... The company also announced the addition of Richard ... )The appointments reflect the evolution of the company,s ...
... LIMMERICK, Ireland, Feb. 16 Copan Innovation Ltd., whose ... collection and transport systems in the world, has named ... Development in the Pacific Rim, as well as appointed ... Innovation Ltd. Bob Cooper, who brings a background of ...
Cached Biology Technology:Avantis Medical Systems Announces FDA 510(k) Clearance for the Third Eye(R) Retroscope(R) for Improved Polyp Detection in the Colon 2Avantis Medical Systems Announces FDA 510(k) Clearance for the Third Eye(R) Retroscope(R) for Improved Polyp Detection in the Colon 3Avantis Medical Systems Announces FDA 510(k) Clearance for the Third Eye(R) Retroscope(R) for Improved Polyp Detection in the Colon 4CorNova(R) Expands Management Team with Appointment of Robert Gallahue as Chief Financial Officer 2Copan Announces the Appointment of Bob Cooper as Vice President of Business Development in the Pacific Rim 2
FluoSpheres® biotin-labeled microspheres, 1.0 µm, yellow-green fluorescent (505/515) *1% solids*...
chk 1 kinase...
muscle actin (HUC1-1)...
... Neural Stem Cell Functional Identification Kit ... can be used for the short-term ... and the induction of NSCs into ... antibody panel consisting of mouse anti-human ...
Biology Products: