Navigation Links
More evidence mammals, fruit flies share make-up on function of biological clocks

A study by researchers at New York University and the University of London offers additional evidence that mammals and fruit flies share a common genetic makeup that determines the function of their internal biological clocks.

The research team consisted of post-doctoral researcher Ben Collins, Esteban Mazzoni, a graduate student, and Assistant Professor Justin Blau of NYU's Department of Biology and Professor Ralf Stanewsky of the University of London.

Drosophila fruit flies are commonly used for research on biological, or circadian, clocks because of the relative ease of finding mutants with non-24-hour rhythms and then identifying the genes underlying the altered behavior. These studies in fruit flies have allowed the identification of similar "clock genes" in mammals, which function in a similar manner in mammals as they do in a fly's clock. However, prior to this study, biologists had concluded that the role of one protein--Cryptochrome (Cry)--was quite different between flies and mammals. In fruit flies, Cry is a circadian photoreceptor, which helps light reset the biological clock with changing seasons, or in jet lag-style experiments (in which light is manipulated to mimic the experience of traveling over multiple time zones) in the lab. In mammals, however, Cry assists in the 24-hour rhythmic expression of clock genes and has nothing to do with re-setting the clock.

The researchers sought to determine additional roles for Cry in fruit flies by testing the rhythmic expression of clock genes in flies with either a mutant version of Cry, or with Cry produced at artificially high levels. In both cases, they found that the clock had stopped ?with high levels of clock gene expression when Cry was mutated, and low levels when Cry was over-produced. These results indicated that Cry normally inhibits clock gene expression in many clock cells ?just as it does in the mammalian clock.

"In addition to finding a new function for Cryptoc hrome, the results reinforce that notion that fruit flies provide an excellent model for understanding the human biological clock that drives sleep/wake cycles and many other processes that contribute to our overall health," said Blau.


'"/>

Source:New York University


Related biology news :

1. Genome of deadly amoeba shows surprising complexity, evidence of lateral gene transfer
2. Light therapy may combat fungal infections, new evidence suggests
3. Researchers find first evidence of venom system in extinct mammal
4. Scientists find evidence of catastrophic sand avalanches, sea level changes in Gulf of Mexico
5. Oldest dated evidence of cattle in southern Africa found
6. SLU researchers uncover direct evidence on how HIV invades healthy cells
7. Same-sex mating by fungi spawned infection outbreak, evidence suggests
8. Team led by Carnegie Mellon University scientist finds first evidence of a living memory trace
9. Why we give: New study finds evidence of generosity among our early human ancestors
10. New evidence supports century-old theory of cancer spread
11. New evidence questions the simple link between prion proteins and madcow disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:11/17/2016)... Market Watch: Primarily supported by ownership types; Private ... market is to witness a value of US$37.1 billion by ... Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 10.75% is foreseen from ... North America is not way behind ... at 9.56% respectively. Report Focus: The ...
(Date:11/15/2016)... , Nov 15, 2016 Research and ... Global Forecast to 2021" report to their offering. ... ... USD 16.18 Billion by 2021 from USD 6.21 Billion in 2016, ... Growth of the bioinformatics market is driven by the ...
(Date:6/22/2016)... , June 22, 2016  The American College of ... Trade Show Executive Magazine as one of the fastest-growing ... May 25-27 at the Bellagio in Las Vegas ... the highest percentage of growth in each of the following ... exhibiting companies and number of attendees. The 2015 ACMG Annual ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/9/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 09, 2016 , ... DuPont ... honored with the Breakthrough Solution of the Year Award from Platts Global Energy ... ester (FDME). The award was announced at the 18th Platts Global Energy Awards, ...
(Date:12/9/2016)... TORONTO , Dec. 9, 2016 /PRNewswire/ - Portage ... Securities Exchange: PBT.U), is pleased to announce that Biohaven ... New Haven, Connecticut (PRWEB) Dec ... "Company" or "Biohaven") announced today that the U.S. Food ... drug designation request covering its drug candidate BHV-0223, an ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... Dec. 8, 2016  OncoSec Medical Incorporated ("OncoSec") ... DNA-based intratumoral cancer immunotherapies, today announced financial results ... "We are delivering on our commitment to ... ImmunoPulse┬« IL-12. We are pleased with the early ... trial, and we are focused on advancing our ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... , Dec. 8, 2016 Eurofins announces the appointment of ... President of Eurofins Scientific Inc. (ESI). Mr. Murray ... proven professional and entrepreneurial experience in leading international business teams. As ... food testing market to uphold Eurofins, status as the global leader ... , ...
Breaking Biology Technology: