Navigation Links
More evidence mammals, fruit flies share make-up on function of biological clocks

A study by researchers at New York University and the University of London offers additional evidence that mammals and fruit flies share a common genetic makeup that determines the function of their internal biological clocks.

The research team consisted of post-doctoral researcher Ben Collins, Esteban Mazzoni, a graduate student, and Assistant Professor Justin Blau of NYU's Department of Biology and Professor Ralf Stanewsky of the University of London.

Drosophila fruit flies are commonly used for research on biological, or circadian, clocks because of the relative ease of finding mutants with non-24-hour rhythms and then identifying the genes underlying the altered behavior. These studies in fruit flies have allowed the identification of similar "clock genes" in mammals, which function in a similar manner in mammals as they do in a fly's clock. However, prior to this study, biologists had concluded that the role of one protein--Cryptochrome (Cry)--was quite different between flies and mammals. In fruit flies, Cry is a circadian photoreceptor, which helps light reset the biological clock with changing seasons, or in jet lag-style experiments (in which light is manipulated to mimic the experience of traveling over multiple time zones) in the lab. In mammals, however, Cry assists in the 24-hour rhythmic expression of clock genes and has nothing to do with re-setting the clock.

The researchers sought to determine additional roles for Cry in fruit flies by testing the rhythmic expression of clock genes in flies with either a mutant version of Cry, or with Cry produced at artificially high levels. In both cases, they found that the clock had stopped ?with high levels of clock gene expression when Cry was mutated, and low levels when Cry was over-produced. These results indicated that Cry normally inhibits clock gene expression in many clock cells ?just as it does in the mammalian clock.

"In addition to finding a new function for Cryptoc hrome, the results reinforce that notion that fruit flies provide an excellent model for understanding the human biological clock that drives sleep/wake cycles and many other processes that contribute to our overall health," said Blau.


'"/>

Source:New York University


Related biology news :

1. Genome of deadly amoeba shows surprising complexity, evidence of lateral gene transfer
2. Light therapy may combat fungal infections, new evidence suggests
3. Researchers find first evidence of venom system in extinct mammal
4. Scientists find evidence of catastrophic sand avalanches, sea level changes in Gulf of Mexico
5. Oldest dated evidence of cattle in southern Africa found
6. SLU researchers uncover direct evidence on how HIV invades healthy cells
7. Same-sex mating by fungi spawned infection outbreak, evidence suggests
8. Team led by Carnegie Mellon University scientist finds first evidence of a living memory trace
9. Why we give: New study finds evidence of generosity among our early human ancestors
10. New evidence supports century-old theory of cancer spread
11. New evidence questions the simple link between prion proteins and madcow disease
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:4/17/2017)... 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ) ... of its 2016 Annual Report on Form 10-K on Thursday April ... ... in the Investor Relations section of the Company,s website at ... at http://www.sec.gov . 2016 Year Highlights: ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... Apr. 11, 2017 Research and Markets has ... report to their offering. ... The global eye tracking market to grow at a CAGR of ... Eye Tracking Market 2017-2021, has been prepared based on an in-depth ... market landscape and its growth prospects over the coming years. The ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... April 5, 2017  The Allen Institute for Cell ... Explorer: a one-of-a-kind portal and dynamic digital window into ... data, the first application of deep learning to create ... cell lines and a growing suite of powerful tools. ... these and future publicly available resources created and shared ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... May 17, 2017 , ... ... its scientific power by providing investigators access to a high-profile scientific advisory ... the scientific advisory board. “We are committed to offering superior services and ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... May 17, 2017 , ... ... varying industries, including food and dairy, munitions, and pharmaceutical/biotech, recently introduced The Revolution ... ease of use. The improvement in technology comes on the heels of HOLLOWAY’s ...
(Date:5/18/2017)... ... 18, 2017 , ... When James Sherley, was notified earlier this year that his company ... Year 2017 by The Silicon Review , he was not surprised as others might ... value, but this recognition by Silicon Valley was particularly meaningful. Our selection ...
(Date:5/16/2017)... , ... May 16, 2017 , ... ... Trademark Office (USPTO) for a wireless electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) acquisition and monitoring ... be integrated into clothing, or secured directly onto the skin, making them significantly ...
Breaking Biology Technology: