Navigation Links
Jumping gene helps explain immune system's abilities

A team led by Johns Hopkins scientists has found the first clear evidence that the process behind the human immune system's remarkable ability to recognize and respond to a million different proteins might have originated from a family of genes whose only apparent function is to jump around in genetic material. "Jumping genes" essentially cut themselves out of the genetic material, and scientists have suspected that this ability might have been borrowed by cells needing to build many different proteins from a specific, single set of instructions -- the key to recognizing a million immune-stimulating proteins. But until now, no jumping gene was known to behave just right.

Writing in the Dec. 23 issue of Nature, the researchers show that a jumping gene called Hermes, still active in the common house fly, creates changes in DNA very much like those created by the process behind antigen recognition. "Hermes behaves more like the process used by the immune system to recognize a million different proteins, called antigens, than any previously studied jumping gene," says Nancy Craig, Ph.D., professor of molecular biology and genetics in Johns Hopkins' Institute for Basic Biomedical Sciences and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute investigator. "It provides the first real evidence that the genetic processes behind antigen diversity might have evolved from the activity of a jumping gene, likely a close relative of Hermes." Recognition of so many antigens allows the immune system to fight infection and distinguish friend from foe. The "big picture" behind this ability is that cells build proteins called antibodies that bind to particular antigens, but the early steps of that process have been difficult to study. Hermes should help reveal some secrets of this process, the researchers say. "The immune system takes an approach to protein building similar to that of diners creating a meal at a cafeteria, but how the immun
'"/>

Source:John Hopkins Medecine


Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Jumping genes contribute to the uniqueness of individual brains
2. Jumping gene could provide non-viral alternative for gene therapy
3. Protein helps regulate the genes of embryonic stem cells
4. Scientists reveal the shape of a protein that helps retroviruses break into cells
5. Thai spice helps cut blood sugar swings
6. Chemists synthesize molecule that helps body battle cancers, malaria
7. Ancient DNA helps clarify the origins of two extinct New World horse species
8. Massey Cancer Center researcher helps to identify a piece of the cancer puzzle
9. Study: Well-known protein helps stem cells become secretory cells
10. Beyond genes: Lipid helps cell wall protein fold into proper shape
11. Simple sea sponge helps scientists understand tissue rejection
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Jumping gene helps explain immune system abilities

(Date:12/22/2014)... Holiday Season may be the brightest ever for the ... long anticipated floodgates for consumer biometrics may finally be ... tablets, and wearable mobile devices that incorporate biometrics will ... nearly 4.8 billion biometric devices by 2020.   ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Calif. , Dec. 18, 2014  23andMe, Inc., the leading ... that pinpoints fine-scale differences in genetic ancestry of individuals from ... Since immigrants first arrived more than four hundred years ago, ... a meeting place for peoples from different continents. This study ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 2014 The Defense Logistics Agency is insourcing its ... counterfeit microcircuits from entering into its supply chain. ... anti-counterfeit initiative dubbed DNA marking. The capability will validate ... throughout the supply chain. The new quality control measures ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):First Season of Holiday Shopping with Mobile Biometric Payments Wraps Up With a Present for Biometrics Industry: A Rosy Forecast for More Than 2 Billion Users of 4.8 Billion Mobile Biometric Devices by 2020 223andMe Study Sketches Genetic Portrait of the United States 223andMe Study Sketches Genetic Portrait of the United States 323andMe Study Sketches Genetic Portrait of the United States 4Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 2Defense Logistics Agency Launches DNA Marking Capability to Strengthen Microcircuit Supply Chain 3
... The National Science Foundation has awarded Iowa State ... million grant to establish the NSF Engineering Research ... The award is part of the National ... Program. The third-generation Engineering Research Centers are designed ...
... utilize small, short-lived animals (insects, worms, mice) under ... parasites, superabundant food in the laboratory. Oddly ... such animals in their harsh, stressful natural environments. ... actually age much more slowly in captive luxury ...
... Bats, ability to echolocate may have evolved more than once, ... of London scientists. Species of bat with the ability ... tree of life - some are more related to their ... of whether echolocation in bats has evolved more than once, ...
Cached Biology News:Iowa State wins $18.5M grant to create NSF Center for Biorenewable Chemicals 2Iowa State wins $18.5M grant to create NSF Center for Biorenewable Chemicals 3Iowa State wins $18.5M grant to create NSF Center for Biorenewable Chemicals 4Old before their time? Aging in flies under natural vs. laboratory conditions 2Molecular evolution is echoed in bat ears 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... , a precision medicine software company that has developed a ... genomic, imaging and other biomedical data in research and clinical ... CEO of Aspera, an IBM Company, to its board as ... "We are pleased to welcome Michelle to ...
(Date:12/25/2014)... December 25, 2014 The report “Service ... Product Type & Provider Type - Global Advancements, Worldwide ... with an in-depth analysis and forecasting of revenues. ... through 221 pages and in-depth TOC on “Service Quality ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... , Dec. 24, 2014 PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... areas, announced the closing of an underwritten public offering of ... to an aggregate 3,500,000 shares of common stock, at an ... The warrants have a per share exercise price of $5.00, ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... Solutions , Inc. (NASDAQ: BLFS ), a leading ... storage and cryopreservation freeze media and ... or the "Company"), today announced that it will hold its ... "Annual Meeting"). Because the expected date for the ...
Breaking Biology Technology:GenoSpace Expands Board with Appointment of Michelle Munson 2Service Quality Management Market worth $2.1 Billion & Telco Customer Experience Management Market worth $2.3 Billion by 2019 – New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Service Quality Management Market worth $2.1 Billion & Telco Customer Experience Management Market worth $2.3 Billion by 2019 – New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Service Quality Management Market worth $2.1 Billion & Telco Customer Experience Management Market worth $2.3 Billion by 2019 – New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 3BioLife Solutions Sets Date for Annual Meeting of Stockholders 2
... global climate change and population growth call for sweeping changes ... a group of prestigious scientists, including an expert in plant ... team, led by Nina Federoff, science and technology adviser to ... "critical need to get beyond popular biases against the use ...
... , -- Leading ... to Offer Innovative Resource for all Ages and Stages of the ... For the more than 1.5 million Americans living with ... is far less frequent on key topics that impact the quality ...
... ... will learn how Microsoft® products, such as SharePoint and Office 2007, can be configured to ... to provide a cost-effective FDA regulated Quality System. , ... Bedford, MA (PRWEB) February 11, 2010 -- Business Intelligence Solutions ...
Cached Biology Technology:Dramatic changes in agriculture needed as world warms and grows, researchers say 2Davis Phinney Foundation Launches 'Every Victory Counts' Program to Inform and Empower People to Live Well With Parkinson's 2Davis Phinney Foundation Launches 'Every Victory Counts' Program to Inform and Empower People to Live Well With Parkinson's 3Davis Phinney Foundation Launches 'Every Victory Counts' Program to Inform and Empower People to Live Well With Parkinson's 4Davis Phinney Foundation Launches 'Every Victory Counts' Program to Inform and Empower People to Live Well With Parkinson's 5Lunch and Learn Workshop for New Jersey-based FDA-Regulated Companies 2
Plasmid expressing the LacZ reporter gene....
Plasmid expressing Zeocin resistance gene....
... These 2800mL wide mouth PYREX Fernbach-style ... the center of the flask bottom to ... These triple baffled flasks have a Delong-style ... stainless steel closures. For plastic closures see ...
... The kit provides a simple and efficient ... normal c lture using annexin V magnetic ... phospholipid binding protein with high affinity for ... provides a simple and efficient means for ...
Biology Products: