Navigation Links
Imaging Lymph Nodes with Nanoparticles

A novel application involving the buzzword "nano" - cancer detection using nanoparticles and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) : Accurate staging of cancers is one of the most important parts of the work up of patients for both prediction of prognosis and determination of the most appropriate treatment. And an essential part of this work up is assessing whether or not there has been lymphatic spread. Current methods include surgical removal of nodes for examination and various types of imaging, ranging from ultrasound to newer technologies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). All these methods have problems; some are very invasive, others are very time consuming, and none are completely reliable. However in one of the more exciting crossovers from chemistry into medicine, researchers have developed nanoparticles to improve the diagnostic accuracy of MRI. The nanoparticles contain a central superparamagnetic iron oxide core and are covered by dextran, imparting long circulation times and biocompatibility. When injected intravenously, the nanoparticles localize to lymphoid tissue, and are internalized into macrophages. There is then a decrease in signal intensity on T2- and T2*-weighted images, and when metastases are present there is a recognizably abnormal pattern on MRI scans.

In a previous paper published in the New England Journal of Medicine, Ralph Weissleder and colleagues described using these nanoparticles to assess lymphoid spread in patients with prostate cancer. Now, in a paper published in this month's PLoS Medicine, they have gone further by extending the analysis to patients with different types of cancer, and producing an algorithm that allows semiautomation of the procedure. The authors developed the algorithm in a training group of 36 patients and then validated it in a group of 34 patients. The results are encouraging: the analysis showed a sensitivity of 98% (95% confidence interval, 88%?9%) and a specificity of 92% (95% confidence interval, 87%?6%). The advantages of automating this procedure are substantial, not least because it can remove the problem of different observers assessing data differently. And what is more, once the data have been collected and assessed it is possible to reconstruct a virtual picture of the patient's lymph nodes, thus potentially allowing accurate surgical removal of the nodes.
'"/>

Source:PLoS Medecine


Related biology news :

1. Special Imaging Study Shows Failing Hearts Are Energy Starved
2. Imaging study links key genetic risk for Alzheimers disease to myelin breakdown
3. Imaging techniques permit scientists to follow a day -- or four -- in the life of a cell
4. Imaging pinpoints brain regions that see the future
5. Potential Cure for Lymphoma in HIV patients
6. New Treatment Rivals Chemotherapy For Lymphoma, Study Finds
7. DNA Molecules Used To Assemble Nanoparticles
8. Probing The Promise And Perils Of Nanoparticles

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:


(Date:3/31/2016)... March 31, 2016  Genomics firm Nabsys has completed ... Barrett Bready , M.D., who returned to the ... original technical leadership team, including Chief Technology Officer, ... Development, Steve Nurnberg and Vice President of Software and ... company. Dr. Bready served as CEO of ...
(Date:3/22/2016)... PUNE, India , March 22, 2016 ... new market research report "Electronic Sensors Market for ... Fingerprint, Proximity, & Others), Application (Communication & ... and Geography - Global Forecast to 2022", ... consumer industry is expected to reach USD ...
(Date:3/18/2016)... --> --> Competitive Landscape Analysis ... Physical infrastructure and Perimeter Surveillance & Detection Systems ... and the continuing migration crisis in the Middle ... led visiongain to publish this unique report, which is crucial ... & security companies in the border security market and the ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... England , May 23, 2016 ... May 25 th at 10:15 a.m. ET before the ... the role genetically engineered mosquitos can play in controlling the ... carrier of the Zika virus.      (Logo: ... engineered male mosquito with a self-limiting gene. Trials in ...
(Date:5/23/2016)... ... May 23, 2016 , ... RoviSys, a leading independent provider ... Ohio, has broken ground on a new building in Holly Springs, NC. With ... new location solidifies a commitment to business in the region. The new facility ...
(Date:5/22/2016)... , ... May 22, 2016 , ... Doctors in Rome ... combating the asbestos cancer, malignant mesothelioma. Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted an article on ... the University of Rome’s Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine evaluated more than ...
(Date:5/20/2016)... ... May 20, 2016 , ... Kablooe Design, a leading provider ... announced its official 25th anniversary of the business. “We have worked hard to build ... our customers for the privilege and honor of serving their product design and development ...
Breaking Biology Technology: