Navigation Links
Enzyme crystal structure reveals 'unexpected' genome repair functions

The study is being published in an advance online version of the journal Molecular Cell.

The research looked at XPB helicase from an archaea, a single cell organism similar to bacteria. Helicases are enzymes that unwind or separate the strands of the nucleic acid double helix, an action that is critical to transcription and nucleotide excision repair (NER), as well as other cell processes.

"XPB was initially identified as the gene responsible for NER defects in xeroderma pigmentosum patients, who are hypersensitive to light and have a dramatically increased risk of skin cancer," says John A. Tainer, a professor at Scripps Research and its Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology who led the study. "This reflects the fact that XPB plays a key role in unwinding damaged DNA during NER, which removes a broad spectrum of DNA lesions, including those caused by exposure to ultraviolet light."

DNA needs constant repair because of the damage from a variety of sources that occurs to its base pairs of nucleotides. It is estimated that in every human cell more than 10,000 DNA bases are repaired each day, making NER critically important for cell survival and protection against mutations. NER is a critical defense mechanism that removes DNA lesions caused by the mutating effects of sunlight (ultraviolet light) and toxic chemicals.

In addition, NER is critical to the success of the anticancer drug cisplatin, since cisplatin works by initiating the process of DNA repair, in turn activating apoptosis or programmed cell death when the repair process fails. "Because chemotherapeutic agents like the chemotherapy drug cisplatin and radiation therapy work by essentially damaging DNA, any new understanding of the DNA repair mechanism could mean potential improvements in the treatment of cancer," Tainer says.

Prior to this study, there were no specific models for how XPB acts in DNA separation either to initiate transcription or to begin NER. There we
'"/>

Source:Scripps Research Institute


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Enzyme, lost in most mammals, is shown to protect against UV-induced skin cancer
2. Novel Enzyme Shows Potential As An Anti-HIV Target
3. Enzyme allows B cells to resist death, leading to leukemia
4. Enzyme shown to help protect genomic stability
5. Measuring Enzymes At End Of Cancer Pathway Predicts Outcome Of Tarceva, Taxol
6. Enzymes newly discovered role may make it target for arthritis treatment
7. Promiscuous Catalytic Activity Possessed by Novel Enzyme Structure
8. Gene Bridges And Covalys To Develop Restriction-Enzyme-Free SNAP-tag Gene Fusion Kits
9. Newly Discovered Role for Heart Response Enzyme May Yield Better Heart Failure Therapy
10. Enzyme affects hypertension by controlling salt levels in body
11. Enzyme inhibitors block replication of SARS virus
Post Your Comments:
(Date:1/22/2015)... Infinisource has launched its new NXG series of time ... sets a higher standard for collecting attendance and labor data ... plug-and-play installation, touch screen interface and seamless connection to cloud-based ... collection solution for the small to mid-size employer. ...
(Date:12/22/2014)... DUBLIN , Dec. 22, 2014 Research and ... the addition of the "The Global Watermarking ... http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 ... global digital media watermarking and fingerprinting markets. Watermarking ...
(Date:12/19/2014)... Dec. 18, 2014 Research and Markets ( http://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/86ncd6/micro_market ... Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market" report to ... The North American perimeter security market is estimated to ... Although the U.S. market holds a larger share in this ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Infinisource's NXG series sets new time clock standard 2The Global Watermarking and Fingerprinting Markets 2Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 2Micro Market Monitor: North America Perimeter Security Systems Market (Intrusion Detection Sensor, Video Surveillance, Communication/Alarm and Notification, Access Control System) 3
... October 2011 A young scientist who led research into the ... surface disease has been named the winner of the Young Investigator ... will be presented with her award at The Stem Cell Symposium, ... 2011. The $10,000 prize is awarded annually to a young scientist ...
... primary producers of ammonia in Houston,s atmosphere, and cars and ... to a new study by researchers at Rice University and ... quality draws minimal oversight from the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), ... means to life in and around the metropolis. ...
... microscopical water channels are also present in the cells ... transported through the protective surface of the cell. Scientists at ... of the body,s water channels can be modified such that ... the treatment of several diseases. "It,s important to understand ...
Cached Biology News:Regenerating eyes using cells from hair: Stem Cells awards research into stem cell deficiency 2Ammonia gets overdue overview 2Ammonia gets overdue overview 3Water channels in the body help cells remain in balance 2
(Date:1/22/2015)... zFlo Motion , a US leader in biomechanics software ... a new partner. STT-Systems has developed an impressive ... with offerings in the optical-motion capture, 3D scanning, and industrial ... unit), iSen, is opening eyes around the world. With no ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... NJ (PRWEB) January 22, 2015 ... technologies such as the Bioruptor® and complete solutions ... system for chromatin immunoprecipitation, alleviating the need for ... and controls needed for ChIP of histones or ...
(Date:1/22/2015)... Mass. , Jan. 22, 2015   GenoSpace , a ... of tools to enable the broad use of genomic, imaging ... announced the appointment of Michelle Munson , CEO of ... director. Logo - http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150122/170713 ...
(Date:12/24/2014)... NEW YORK , Dec. 24, 2014 ... patient care in critical areas, announced the closing of an ... warrants to purchase up to an aggregate 3,500,000 shares of ... and $.01 per warrant.  The warrants have a per share ...
Breaking Biology Technology:3D Motion Capture Just Got Easy 2Diagenode Launches Unique Semi-Automated Solution for Chromatin Immunoprecipitation 2GenoSpace Expands Board with Appointment of Michelle Munson 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 2PlasmaTech Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. Announces Closing of Public Offering 3
... Sept. 15 CMS, Inc., an Elekta Company ... management,solutions, today announced the commercial launch of its ... of the Focal product line that also includes ... that support the,visualization and utilization of 4D image ...
... BUFFALO, N.Y., Sept. 15 Kinex Pharmaceuticals announced,that ... Company,s Board of,Directors., Dr. Hsia is a ... a publicly traded company listed in New York ... President, Scientific,Affairs of Watson Pharmaceuticals before his retirement. ...
... -- Sinovac Biotech Ltd. (Amex:,SVA), a leading provider ... clinical trials in Ukraine for its inactivated hepatitis ... being conducted by,Biolik Biopharmaceutical Company, a vaccine manufacturer ... the Country. Biolik will,also market and distribute Healive ...
Cached Biology Technology:CMS, Inc., an Elekta Company, Announces Commercial Availability of Focal4D(TM) 2Sinovac Initiates Clinical Trials for Inactivated Hepatitis A Vaccine in Ukraine 2Sinovac Initiates Clinical Trials for Inactivated Hepatitis A Vaccine in Ukraine 3
Evolutionarily conserved signaling intermediate in Toll pathway...
Phosphatidylinositol transfer protein beta isoform (PtdIns transfer protein beta) (PtdInsTP) (PI-TP-beta). [Source:Uniprot/SWISSPROT;Acc:P48739] Antigen: Recombinant Protein Epitope Signature Tag...
Mouse monoclonal [88B] to nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor ( Abpromise for all tested applications)....
PPIF Antibody...
Biology Products: