Navigation Links
Ebola outbreaks killing thousands of gorillas and chimpanzees

Why have large outbreaks of Ebola virus killed tens of thousands of gorillas and chimpanzees over the last decade? Observations published in the May issue of The American Naturalist provide new clues, suggesting that outbreaks may be amplified by Ebola transmission between ape social groups. The study provides hope that newly developed vaccines could control the devastating impact of Ebola on wild apes.

Direct encounters between gorilla or chimpanzee social groups are rare. Therefore, when reports of large ape die-offs first surfaced in the late 1990s, outbreak amplification was assumed to be through "massive spillover" from some unknown reservoir host. The new study, conducted by researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Cambridge University, and Stony Brook University at three sites in northern Republic of Congo, suggests that Ebola transmission between ape groups might occur through routes other than direct social encounter. For instance, as many as four different gorilla groups fed in the same fruit tree on a single day. Thus, infective body fluids deposited by one group might easily be encountered by a subsequent group. Chimpanzees and gorillas also fed simultaneously in the same fruit tree at least once every seven days.

The study also provided the first evidence that gorillas from one social group closely inspect the carcasses of gorillas from other groups. Contact with corpses at funerals is a major mechanism of Ebola transmission in humans. Together with other recent observations on patterns of gorilla mortality, these results make a strong case that transmission between ape social groups plays a central role in Ebola outbreak amplification.

The study has important implications for controlling the impact of Ebola, which has killed roughly one quarter of the world gorilla population. "It means that vaccinating one gorilla does not protect only that gorilla, it also protects gorillas further down the
'"/>

Source:University of Chicago Press Journals


Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Study Links Ebola Outbreaks To Animal Carcasses
2. Scientists discover how Ebola virus infects cells
3. Ebola virus: from wildlife to dogs
4. Poaching, logging, and outbreaks of Ebola threaten central African gorillas and chimpanzees
5. Ebola DNA vaccine produces immune responses in all fully vaccinated volunteers in Phase 1 trial
6. Gene-specific Ebola therapies protect non-human primates from lethal disease
7. Gorilla susceptibility to Ebola virus: the cost of sociality
8. Researchers discover key mechanism by which lethal viruses Ebola and Marburg cause disease
9. Pattern of human Ebola outbreaks linked to wildlife and climate
10. Ebola-outbreak kills 5000 gorillas
11. New tools used to control foodborne hepatitis A outbreaks related to green onions
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
TAG: Ebola outbreaks killing thousands gorillas and chimpanzees

(Date:7/29/2014)... news for parents of preterm babies latest research from ... time they become teenagers, the brains of many preterm children ... , A study conducted by the University,s Robinson Research ... child experiences no brain injury in early life, their cognitive ... their term-born peers. , However, the results of the study, ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... drugs already approved by the U.S. Food and Drug ... growth of certain bacterial pathogens inside human cells, including ... fever. The findings, published in mBio , the ... demonstrate a new way of identifying non-antibiotic drugs that ... A handful of drugs on the list inhibit the ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... TEMPE, Ariz. - Reactions among minerals and organic compounds ... deep carbon cycle, they provide energy for the deep ... life. However, very little is known about how minerals ... Arizona State University have demonstrated how a common mineral ... negating the need for toxic solvents or expensive ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Preterm children's brains can catch up years later 2New route to identify drugs that can fight bacterial infections 2Mineral magic? Common mineral capable of making and breaking bonds 2Mineral magic? Common mineral capable of making and breaking bonds 3
... Springer will publish The HUGO Journal in cooperation ... Springer as Genomic Medicine, The HUGO Journal has ... Members of HUGO will receive free access to the ... discounted rates. The HUGO Journal will focus ...
... announced today that its Ewell Sale Stewart Library has ... Heritage Library. The BHL is a group of 12 ... worldwide dedicated to digitizing the published literature on biodiversity ... more widely available. Scanning and cataloguing the materials preserves ...
... New evidence for ice-free summers with intermittent winter sea ... a period of greenhouse conditions - gives a glimpse of ... warming. Records of past environmental change in the Arctic ... period between 100 and 65 million years ago leading up ...
Cached Biology News:Academy Library accepted to prestigious Biodiversity Heritage Library 2Arctic climate under greenhouse conditions in the Late Cretaceous 2Arctic climate under greenhouse conditions in the Late Cretaceous 3
(Date:7/28/2014)... 28, 2014 Research and Markets ... Biology Market 2014-2018" report to their offering. ... term synthetic biology covers the designing and engineering of ... as the redesigning of natural biological systems that provide ... a form of extreme genetic engineering because it not ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... NEW YORK , July 28, 2014 /PRNewswire/ ... for ConvergeHEALTH by Deloitte , has been ... Data Interchange Standards Consortium, a non-profit working to ... research data, particularly as it relates to electronic ... to continue CDISC,s mission of collaborating with organizations ...
(Date:7/28/2014)... July 28, 2014 Appistry, Inc. ... that bring the power of genomics to next-generation medicine, ... Appistry Pipeline Challenge . , Two Appistry staff ... the National Center for Genome Resources, and Mr. Neil ... Clinics of Kansas City. Rounding out the panel are ...
(Date:7/28/2014)...  InterMune, Inc. (NASDAQ: ITMN ) today ... financial results at the close of the U.S. markets ... webcast will be hosted by InterMune at 4:30 p.m. ... and others may participate in the conference call by ... replay of the webcast and teleconference will be available ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global Synthetic Biology Market 2014-2018 2ConvergeHEALTH by Deloitte's David Hardison Named Chairman of the Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium 2ConvergeHEALTH by Deloitte's David Hardison Named Chairman of the Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium 3Appistry Names Industry Experts from the National Center for Genome Resources and Mercy Children's, Kansas City, to Judge Pipeline Challenge Competition 2InterMune to Release Second Quarter Financial Results on August 6 2
... 3, 2011 MAP Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: MAPP ... March 31, 2011. The net income for the ... to a net loss of $14.1 million during the same ... March 31, 2011 was related primarily to the $34.2 million ...
... May 2, 2011 Anadys Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ... 2011 financial results on Thursday, May 5, 2011, after the ... conference call and webcast on Thursday, May 5, 2011 at ... 2011 financial results and highlights and to provide an update ...
... WAGENINGEN, Netherlands, May 2, 2011 Dyadic International, ... company focused on the discovery, development, manufacture and ... biopharmaceutical, biofuels and industrial enzyme industries, announced today ... B.V. ("Dyadic Netherlands"), has entered into a research ...
Cached Biology Technology:MAP Pharmaceuticals Reports First Quarter of 2011 Financial Results 2MAP Pharmaceuticals Reports First Quarter of 2011 Financial Results 3MAP Pharmaceuticals Reports First Quarter of 2011 Financial Results 4MAP Pharmaceuticals Reports First Quarter of 2011 Financial Results 5Anadys Pharmaceuticals to Report First Quarter 2011 Financial Results 2Dyadic Netherlands Enters Into R&D Collaboration With Sanofi Pasteur and EnGen Bio 2
... serum biomarker chip to profile the relative ... chip containing 120 human cancer serum biomarker-specific ... discovery scientists to study panels of biomarkers ... and the likelihood of recurrence of cancer. ...
... is a highly sensitive reagent for the ... a purified form of recombinant E. coli ... which is sensitive to changes in its ... Phosphate Sensor is rapid and tight (Kd ...
... fume hood ventilates and purifies ... release of exhaust. Bonded charcoal ... Configurations are available with vertical ... final HEPA filter, work bench ...
Sigmas E-TOXATE (Limulus Amebocyte Lysate) test kits are intended for the detection and semiquantitation,of endotoxins for research purposes....
Biology Products: