Navigation Links
Comments, experts and background on the 2006 Nobel Prize in chemistry

"The research Dr. Kornberg did will help open the door to understanding and treating many human ailments, including cancer, heart disease and inflammation, and will help scientists better understand stem cells and their potential for therapeutic applications.

"This Nobel Prize also underscores the key role of chemistry in the scientific research into genetics. In order to take the first actual pictures revealing how the genetic information stored in genes is copied so that the body can use it, Dr. Kornberg used a mainstay chemical technology called x-ray crystallography.

"Chemistry has had a key role from the very onset of the genetics revolution. It has provided the core technologies that enabled molecular biology and biotechnology to leap ahead. I am delighted that this Nobel Prize highlights chemistry's role in such an important field of research."

E. Ann Nalley, Ph.D., is president of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, and professor of chemistry at Cameron University, Lawton, Okla.


This year's recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry -- Roger D. Kornberg -- obtained the first actual pictures at the molecular level that reveal how the genetic information stored in genes is relayed so that it can be used by the body. He obtained those images in a group of organisms that includes humans.

In doing so, Kornberg focused on a process termed transcription. It begins when the DNA double helix unzips so that one strand can be used as a template in creating a strand of messenger-RNA. The messenger-RNA then carries DNA's information out to cellular machinery that produces proteins.

Transcription is critical for life. If it stops, cells no longer produce enzymes and other proteins essential for life and health. With no new protein synthesized, an animal will die within days. Death can also result from the ingestion of certain poisons, which block an enzyme needed for transcription. Cancer and heart disease are among the diseases linked to abnormalities in transcription.

Kornberg obtained those images with x-ray crystallography, a technique that records the pattern formed as x-rays bend and spread while passing through atoms in a substance. Those images look like bundles of twisted wire. However, they provided scientists with an understanding of how transcription works on a molecular level.


Source:American Chemical Society

Related biology news :

1. South Americas vast pantanal wetland may become next everglades, UNU experts warn
2. Hopkins AIDS experts issue warning about global efforts to provide drug therapies
3. Crisis in African fish supplies looms, experts warn Africa leaders
4. Tsunami + 1 year: Reviving exhausted fisheries should trump replacing boats, gear, experts say
5. Evidence for omega 3 fats less conclusive than we thought, say experts
6. Medical experts: US unlikely to have enough vaccines to stop avian flu
7. Deep-rooted plants have much greater impact on climate than experts thought
8. Climate experts search for answers in the oceans
9. Lizards shout against a noisy background
10. Papers of DNA Pioneer and Nobel Laureate Francis Crick Added to National Library of Medicine’s Profiles in Science Web Site
11. Nobelist discovers antidepressant protein in mouse brain
Post Your Comments:

(Date:5/9/2016)... May 9, 2016 Elevay is ... to expanding freedom for high net worth professionals seeking ... today,s globally connected world, there is still no substitute ... ever duplicate sealing your deal with a firm handshake. ... by taking advantage of citizenship via investment programs like ...
(Date:4/26/2016)... DUBLIN , April 27, 2016 ... of the  "Global Multi-modal Biometrics Market 2016-2020"  report ... ) , The analysts forecast ... a CAGR of 15.49% during the period 2016-2020.  ... a number of sectors such as the healthcare, ...
(Date:4/13/2016)... 13, 2016  IMPOWER physicians supporting Medicaid patients in ... new clinical standard in telehealth thanks to a new ... higi platform, IMPOWER patients can routinely track key health ... mass index, and, when they opt in, share them ... to a local retail location at no cost. By ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... Rolf K. ... the faculty of the University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School ... entrepreneurship at UNC Kenan-Flagler, with a focus on the school’s international efforts, leading ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016 Epic Sciences unveiled a liquid ... to PARP inhibitors by targeting homologous recombination deficiency ... new test has already been incorporated into numerous ... types. Over 230 clinical trials are ... including PARP, ATM, ATR, DNA-PK and WEE-1. Drugs ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... ... June 23, 2016 , ... UAS LifeSciences, one of ... their brand, UP4™ Probiotics, into Target stores nationwide. The company, which has been ... Target to its list of well-respected retailers. This list includes such fine stores ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... , June 23, 2016 Houston Methodist ... the Cy-Fair Sports Association to serve as their ... agreement, Houston Methodist Willowbrook will provide sponsorship support, ... connectivity with association coaches, volunteers, athletes and families. ... the Cy-Fair Sports Association and to bring Houston ...
Breaking Biology Technology: