Navigation Links
'Wildcat Power Cord' repairs cruciate ligament in dairy cow's knee
Date:3/27/2008

MANHATTAN, KAN. -- An 8-year-old Jersey dairy cow is back at her Kansas farm thanks to a decade of research and an experimental surgery performed at Kansas State University's Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital.

The cow, named Wilhelmina Jolene by the veterinary students assigned to her case, sustained a breeding injury in December 2007 when the cruciate ligament in her right knee ruptured. Dr. David Anderson, professor and head of agricultural practices at K-State's College of Veterinary Medicine, replaced the ligament using synthetic material called monofilament nylon. The procedure's success could have enormous implications for breeding quality cows and bulls with the same injury.

Fortunately, Wilhelmina's owner recognized the value of saving her. Mike Frey is the son of Dr. Russ Frey, a prominent professor at K-State's College of Veterinary Medicine. "She's owned by the son of an important faculty member in our college's history," Anderson said. "It's wonderful that there is a connection to Dr. Frey with this case and that Mike understands the teaching value."

Mike Frey said he was happy to be part of an effort that could help animals, producers and students.

"I was always under the assumption that an animal with this problem was going to be heading down the road," he said. "If they could perfect this so that a cow could be kept in production, that would be worth quite a bit."

The cruciate ligament is a dense tissue that connects the bones in the knee joint. Injuring it can be career-ending and often life-ending - until now, Anderson said.

The three surgical techniques for cruciate ligaments in large animals have a failure rate of approximately 50 percent, Anderson said. This fact caused him and surgery colleagues Drs. Guy St-Jean and Andre Desrochers to investigate alternatives in the 1990s. That's when the team designed a cruciate ligament using braided polyester; however, the material was not strong enough for heavy cattle.

Anderson continued to experiment with a variety of materials until he discovered an unusual form of nylon monofilament, a solid material about the diameter of a coffee straw. But the question remained: Could this man-made material replace the natural ligament of a 1,500 pound animal?

On Jan. 17, Anderson replaced Wilhelmina's torn ligament with the artificial one, dubbed the "Wildcat Power Cord." Anderson's surgery team included surgery residents Drs. Kara Schulz and Jose Bras, intern Dr. Manuel Chamorro, along with anesthesiologists, veterinary students and technicians.

The next day, the Jersey cow was led across the hospital's video synchronization pressure mat to determine her level of lameness. "Her stride length had increased 30 percent, and she bore 25 percent more weight on her operated leg," Anderson said. "To have that much improvement is spectacular."

His long-term goal is to develop a replacement ligament strong enough for bulls. Lab tests reveal that the Wildcat Power Cord can withstand up to 12,000 newtons of pressure - roughly 50 percent more than an adult bull requires.

Wilhelmina retuned home and was kept in a box stall for a week or so, Mike Frey said. After that, she had the run of the free stall. "It's been a tough winter with all of the snow and ice," he said. "I didn't think she'd get around as good as she did."

Shelby Reinstein, a senior veterinary student from Tulsa, Okla., was one of the K-State students who worked with -- and named -- Wilhelmina the cow.

Reinstein said she appreciated the learning opportunities this case presented, especially those relative to anatomy of the stifle and monitoring Wilhelmina for specific conditions dairy cows are at risk for developing. These include inflammation of the udder (mastitis) or of the uterus (metritis), a metabolic imbalance (ketosis), ulcers and displacement of the abomasum, the fourth compartment of a ruminant's stomach.

"We worked really hard for her and spent long hours at the hospital, but it was definitely worth it after seeing how well she did post-op," Reinstein said. "I love being part of the discovery aspect of veterinary medicine, and it is always really rewarding to try something you're not sure about and have it work. And, my parents were quite impressed that I could milk a cow!"


'/>"/>

Contact: David Anderson
danderso@vet.k-state.edu
785-532-5700
Kansas State University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Fujitsu Combines Capacity, Performance and Power Efficiency Into the Industrys First 320GB 7200 RPM 2.5" Sata Hard Disk Drive
2. The surprising power of the pill
3. Work with power grids leads to cell biology discovery
4. New twist on lifes power source
5. U of I researcher develops power-packed soy breakfast cereal
6. Genetic tags reveal secrets of memories staying power in mice
7. Powerful yet reliable proteomics techniques are the focus of a new methods book
8. Gene discovery made easier with powerful new networking technique
9. Department of Energy putting power in the hands of consumers through technology
10. There is powerful evidence of evolution in human DNA
11. Blood pressure drug telmisartan shows powerful activity against stroke
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
'Wildcat Power Cord' repairs cruciate ligament in dairy cow's knee
(Date:11/29/2016)... 29, 2016 Nearly one billion matches per second ... ... DERMALOG is Germany's ... efficient Identity Management. (PRNewsFoto/DERMALOG Identification Systems) ... DERMALOG is Germany's largest Multi-Biometric supplier: The company's Fingerprint Identification ...
(Date:11/21/2016)... Nov. 21, 2016   Neurotechnology , a ... technologies, today announced that the MegaMatcher On Card ... submitted for the NIST Minutiae Interoperability Exchange ... the mandatory steps of the evaluation protocol. ... continuing test of fingerprint templates used to establish ...
(Date:11/15/2016)... Nov. 15, 2016  Synthetic Biologics, Inc. (NYSE ... focused on the gut microbiome, today announced the ... shares of its common stock and warrants to ... a price to the public of $1.00 per ... Biologics from the offering, excluding the proceeds, if ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... 08, 2016 , ... Opal Kelly, a leading producer of ... USB or PCI Express, announced the FOMD-ACV-A4, the company's first FPGA-on-Module for integration ... SODIMM-style module that fits a standard 204-pin SODIMM socket for low-cost integrations and ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... England , December 8, 2016 ... has expanded its customisable SureSeq™ NGS panel range with the ... allowing fast and cost-effective study of variants in familial hypercholesterolemia ... number variation (CNV) detection on a single small panel and ... hotspot content. This includes all exons for LDLR , ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... data bioInformatics portal. In response to client demand KbioBox developed a sophisticated “3 ... biodesign program. Both are accessible from KBioBox’s new website, https://www.kbiobox.com/ ...
(Date:12/8/2016)... ... December 08, 2016 , ... ... World Technology Awards. uBiome is one of just six company finalists in the ... In addition to uBiome, companies nominated as finalists in this year’s awards include ...
Breaking Biology Technology: