Navigation Links
Unfavorable ocean conditions likely cause of low 2007 salmon returns along West Coast
Date:3/3/2008

NOAA scientists are reviewing unusual environmental conditions in the Pacific Ocean as the likely culprit for the dramatically low returns of Chinook and coho salmon to rivers and streams along the West Coast of the United States in 2007.

Researchers from NOAAs Northwest and Southwest Fisheries Science Centers are comparing data on the low food production of the California Current in 2005 that occurred when this years returning salmon would have been entering the ocean from their natal streams to feed and grow.

The cold waters of the California Current flow southward from the northern Pacific along the West Coast and are associated with upwelling, an ocean condition caused by winds that bring nutrients to the oceans surface and is the main source of nourishment for the oceans food web. In 2005 a southward shift in the jet stream, delayed favorable winds and upwelling for the California Current, which normally begins in spring. The winds instead arrived in mid-July, causing high surface water temperatures and very low nutrient production within the nearshore marine ecosystem.

We are not dismissing other potential causes for this years low salmon returns, said Usha Varanasi, NOAA Fisheries Service Science Center Director for the Northwest Region. But the widespread pattern of low returns along the West Coast for two species of salmon indicates an environmental anomaly occurred in the California Current in 2005.

Data released Thursday by the Pacific Fisheries Management Council indicate the 2007 returns of fall Chinook salmon to the Sacramento River in Californias Central Valley were approximately 33 percent of what fishery biologists expected. Projections for 2008 are substantially lower than last years estimate. [http://www.pcouncil.org/newsreleases/Feb_2008_Sacramento_News_Release.pdf]

Coho salmon returning to spawning streams in California and Oregon are also considerably lower than predicted. A preliminary analysis found an average 27 percent of the parental stock returning in 12 streams monitored in California. Even though coho returns appear to improve along the coast from south to north, Oregon Coast coho salmon had less than 30 percent of their parental stock return.

Coho salmon are listed as either endangered or threatened under the Endangered Species Act in the Central/Northern California and Southern Oregon watersheds.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jim Milbury
jim.milbury@noaa.gov
562-980-4006
NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. 2008 Ocean Sciences Meeting -- media advisory 2
2. Voyage to Southern Ocean aims to study air-sea fluxes of greenhouse gases
3. Climate change has major impact on oceans
4. Oceans fiercest predators now vulnerable to extinction
5. Valuing ocean services in the Gulf of Maine -- New approaches for conflict resolution
6. Map is first to track global human influences on ocean ecosystems
7. First map of threats to marine ecosystems shows all the worlds oceans are affected
8. Worlds largest marine protected area created in Pacific Ocean
9. Scientists expand understanding of how river carbon impacts the Arctic Ocean
10. Coral reefs may be protected by natural ocean thermostat
11. Antarctic expedition provides new insights into the role of the Southern Ocean for global climate
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/11/2017)... -- Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... offering. ... market to grow at a CAGR of 30.37% during the period ... has been prepared based on an in-depth market analysis with inputs ... growth prospects over the coming years. The report also includes a ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... April 11, 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... company, announces the appointment of independent Directors Mr. Robin ... its Board of Directors, furthering the company,s corporate governance and ... Gino Pereira ... look forward to their guidance and benefiting from their considerable ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... Allen Institute for Cell Science today announces the launch ... dynamic digital window into the human cell. The website ... deep learning to create predictive models of cell organization, ... suite of powerful tools. The Allen Cell Explorer will ... resources created and shared by the Allen Institute for ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/24/2017)... Utah (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2017 , ... ... the selection and implementation of CLEARAS Water Recovery’s Advanced Biological Nutrient Recovery (ABNR™) ... key component of a $24 million plant upgrade to sustainably meet current and ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... Austin, TX May 24, 2017 (PRWEB) , ... ... ... Require Constant Connectivity , Medical systems are increasingly being developed with Wi-Fi connectivity ... to be easily moved from room to room. In addition, compact mobile devices ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... May 23, 2017 , ... A recent ... the most troublesome and difficult to control weed in 12 categories of broadleaf crops, ... Almost 200 weed scientists across the U.S. and Canada participated in the 2016 survey, ...
(Date:5/23/2017)... ... May 22, 2017 , ... ... row in the Aragon Research Globe™ for Corporate Learning, 2017. , Aragon Research ... and market demand, and effectively perform against those strategies. NetDimensions’ ranking as a ...
Breaking Biology Technology: