Navigation Links
Ultrasensitive biosensor promising for medical diagnostics
Date:5/15/2012

WEST LAFAYETTE, Ind. - Researchers have created an ultrasensitive biosensor that could open up new opportunities for early detection of cancer and "personalized medicine" tailored to the specific biochemistry of individual patients.

The device, which could be several hundred times more sensitive than other biosensors, combines the attributes of two distinctly different types of sensors, said Muhammad A. Alam, a Purdue University professor of electrical and computer engineering.

"Individually, both of these types of biosensors have limited sensitivity, but when you combine the two you get something that is better than either," he said.

Findings are detailed in a paper appearing Monday (May 14) in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The paper was written by Purdue graduate student Ankit Jain, Alam and Pradeep R. Nair, a former Purdue doctoral student who is now a faculty member at the Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay.

The device ╨ called a Flexure-FET biosensor - combines a mechanical sensor, which identifies a biomolecule based on its mass or size, with an electrical sensor that identifies molecules based on their electrical charge. The new sensor detects both charged and uncharged biomolecules, allowing a broader range of applications than either type of sensor alone.

The sensor has two potential applications: personalized medicine, in which an inventory of proteins and DNA is recorded for individual patients to make more precise diagnostics and treatment decisions; and the early detection of cancer and other diseases.

In early cancer diagnostics, the sensor makes possible the detection of small quantities of DNA fragments and proteins deformed by cancer long before the disease is visible through imaging or other methods, Alam said.

The sensor's mechanical part is a vibrating cantilever, a sliver of silicon that resembles a tiny diving board. Located under the cantilever is a transistor, which is the sensor's electrical part.

In other mechanical biosensors, a laser measures the vibrating frequency or deflection of the cantilever, which changes depending on what type of biomolecule lands on the cantilever. Instead of using a laser, the new sensor uses the transistor to measure the vibration or deflection.

The sensor maximizes sensitivity by putting both the cantilever and transistor in a "bias." The cantilever is biased using an electric field to pull it downward as though with an invisible string.

"This pre-bending increases the sensitivity significantly," Jain said.

The transistor is biased by applying a voltage, maximizing its performance as well.

"You can make the device sensitive to almost any molecule as long as you configure the sensor properly," Alam said.

A key innovation is the elimination of a component called a "reference electrode," which is required for conventional electrical biosensors but cannot be miniaturized, limiting practical applications.

"Eliminating the need for a reference electrode enables miniaturization and makes it feasible for low-cost, point-of-care applications in doctors' offices," Alam said.

A U.S. patent application has been filed for the concept.


'/>"/>

Contact: Emil Venere
venere@purdue.edu
765-494-4709
Purdue University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related biology news :

1. Orca ears inspire Stanford researchers to develop ultrasensitive undersea microphone
2. Carbon nanotubes form ultrasensitive biosensor to detect proteins
3. Ultrasensitive imaging method uses gold-silver nanocages
4. Biosensor illuminates compounds to aid fight against TB
5. Carnegie Mellon fluorescent biosensor reveals mechanism critical to immune system amplification
6. Improved characterization of nanoparticle clusters for EHS and biosensors research
7. New biosensor modelled on the immune system can detect, track and guide the clean-up of oil spills
8. New biosensor microchip could speed up drug development, Stanford researchers say
9. K-State chemists biosensor may improve food, water safety and cancer detection
10. Directed self-assembly of vertical nanotubes for biosensors, logic, nano-biofuel cells
11. Carnegie Mellon researchers create fluorescent biosensor to aid in drug development
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Ultrasensitive biosensor promising for medical diagnostics
(Date:4/28/2016)... and BANGALORE, India , April 28, 2016 ... a product subsidiary of Infosys (NYSE: INFY ), ... a global partnership that will provide end customers ... mobile banking and payment services.      (Logo: ... innovation area for financial services, but it also plays a ...
(Date:4/19/2016)... 2016 The new GEZE SecuLogic ... web-based "all-in-one" system solution for all door components. It ... the door interface with integration authorization management system, and ... The minimal dimensions of the access control and the ... installations offer considerable freedom of design with regard to ...
(Date:4/13/2016)... 13, 2016  IMPOWER physicians supporting Medicaid patients in ... new clinical standard in telehealth thanks to a new ... higi platform, IMPOWER patients can routinely track key health ... mass index, and, when they opt in, share them ... to a local retail location at no cost. By ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:5/23/2016)... , May 23, 2016 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, ... healthcare, today announced that its Board of Directors has approved ... the second quarter of 2016. The cash ... about July 29, 2016 to stockholders of record as of ... of dividends are subject to approval of the Board of ...
(Date:5/22/2016)... Raleigh, NC (PRWEB) , ... May 22, 2016 , ... ... powerful weapons in combating the asbestos cancer, malignant mesothelioma. Surviving Mesothelioma has just posted ... , Researchers in the University of Rome’s Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine ...
(Date:5/19/2016)... Virginia (PRWEB) , ... May 19, 2016 , ... Anton ... new 30,000 square foot office building is complete. The new structure adds a third ... 2011, Anton Paar USA purchased 2.4 acres of land, along with office ...
(Date:5/19/2016)... MADRID , May 19, 2016 ... di una sessione orale durante il 52 ° ... (abstract n. 8006)    - Le conclusioni ... quanto riguarda i pazienti trattati, di cui il 90% presenta ... di sei mesi o più. Il settantadue per cento dei ...
Breaking Biology Technology: