Navigation Links
UMass Amherst researchers develop powerful new technique to study protein function
Date:6/19/2013

. elegans to explore how dopamine modulates the activities of specialized neurons. The worm is a useful model because it has only 302 neurons instead of billions in mammals. Despite its simplicity, the worm's basic neurotransmission mechanisms are also found in humans.

In the quest to identify genes that regulate dopamine signaling, the UMass Amherst researchers quickly recognized that dopamine acts through proteins used by other neurotransmitters in other nervous system cells. "So we couldn't use traditional genetic tools to study dopamine signaling. We needed to develop a new method to study protein function in individual cells in multicellular organisms," Chase notes.

The technique they developed takes advantage of nonsense-mediated decay (NMD), a surveillance mechanism present in all eukaryotic organisms. NMD destroys aberrant mRNA molecules that can arise naturally through mutation during transcription or mRNA processing.

"In our strategy, we replace the normal copy of a gene with a tagged version that targets the gene's mRNA for destruction by NMD," Chase explains. "We then remove NMD from all the organism's cells. Without NMD present, the replacement gene is expressed normally in all cells. We then knock down expression of the gene cell-specifically by restoring NMD activity only in cells we select."

He adds, "This cell-specific restoration of NMD activity is easy and can also be controlled in time. Thus, using NMD we can not only remove gene function in individual cell types, we can control exactly when gene function is removed in that cell type. This gives complete control of gene expression and allows one to investigate the function of any gene in any cell type at any time."

"With this very powerful new technique, now you can identify an individual gene and you can ask whether it plays a role in the behavior of interest. All these genes are expressed in our brains, so we are learning about all sorts of fa
'/>"/>

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@admin.umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. UMass Amherst researchers reveal mechanism of novel biological electron transfer
2. UMass Medical School faculty elected to the American Association for the Advancement of Science
3. UMass Amherst biochemists developing tools to stop plague and other bacterial threats
4. UMass Medical School researchers discover a new role for RNAi
5. UMass Medical School scientist named 2012 Pew Latin-American Fellow in the Biomedical Sciences
6. UMass Amherst wildlife researcher photographs rare Sumatran rabbit
7. Chemical engineers at UMass Amherst find high-yield method of making xylene from biomass
8. NIST/UMass study finds evidence nanoparticles may increase plant DNA damage
9. Alnylam and UMass Medical School announce Tuschl I patent upheld in European opposition proceedings
10. Saint Louis University researchers discover a way to detect new viruses
11. OU researchers collaborate on $20 million NSF EPSCoR grant
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/15/2014)... biophysics textbook and it describes how life functions and ... into biological systems and provides an understanding of the ... how our genes make proteins that control the dynamics ... an organism. It quantifies the principles of life and ... on both large and small scales. The book is ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... Ebola virus is spreading rapidly and to an unexpected ... in the past and the virus shows a new ... recorded before. For this reason, the German National Academy ... Science and Engineering, and the Union of the German ... on the Ebola epidemic today. , In the statement ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... , Oct. 15, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... authentication company focused on the growing mobile commerce market releases photos ... in Times Square on Monday October 13 th . ... David Tunnel and angel investor Mr. Chad A. ... , CEO of NXT-ID thanked his investors and employees "for their ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New book about life as seen from physics 2Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 2Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 3Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 4Academies call for consequences from the Ebola virus epidemic 5Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 3
... University of Michigan researchers and their colleagues recently hastened ... trees in a large-scale, long-term experiment to glimpse the ... bark was stripped from each tree to kill it ... the federally funded experiment Forest Accelerated Succession Experiment (FASET) ...
... of Pacific Islands Forestry have submitted a proposal to ... strawberry guava, a South American tree that has invaded ... in 1825 as a garden plant. The scientists are ... and Natural Resources, and Hawai Department of Agriculture, agencies ...
... May 25, 2008, approaching 5 p.m. PDT, NASA scientists will ... because at that time the Phoenix Mars Mission space vehicle ... a soft landing onto the northern Mars terrain called Green ... the Red Planet. The place got its name after analysis ...
Cached Biology News:U-M scientists remove thousands of aspens to glimpse forest's future 2U-M scientists remove thousands of aspens to glimpse forest's future 3Insect release proposed to control exotic strawberry guava 2Phoenix mission to Mars will search for climate clues 2Phoenix mission to Mars will search for climate clues 3
(Date:10/22/2014)... 22, 2014 Nuvilex, Inc. (OTCQB: NVLX) – ... people worldwide are living with diabetes, with  that number ... The global market for diabetes treatments is approximately $500 ... worldwide died from pancreatic cancer.  Pancreatic cancer is the ... in the United States , and ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... Convey Computer , the leader in ... State University won first place in the 2014 ... the team’s solution achieved the highest overall performance in ... place finisher. , Experts from all segments of the ... challenge, using a variety of design tools, hardware and ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... 20, 2014 PureTech , a science ... healthcare problems, announced today the closing of a ... from Invesco Perpetual, a $120 Billion group of ... PureTech,s existing pipeline forward and to advance new ... scientific creativity to really go for the big ...
(Date:10/19/2014)... (PRWEB) October 20, 2014 ... Industry Meeting (ABIM). ABIM will take ... More information about ABIM 2014 is now ... , Delegates representing companies and organizations from ... and obtain information on the latest products ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Nuvilex Brief Analyst Report: Thinking Outside the Box by BrokerBank Securities, Inc. 2Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 2Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 3PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 2PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 3PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 4PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 5PureTech Announces Expansion with Oversubscribed $55M Funding Round 6
... decision last week to merge its Imaging and Printing Group ... Systems Group (IPSG) is a major milestone in HPs journey ... combining these two units, HP has a unified and convincing ... may be the key that turns HPs consumer message into ...
... researchers will show off developments in games that offer real-world ... ,The Academic Advanced Distributed Learning Co-Laboratory , WTN and ... how Games are Shaping Business and Learning, which will center ... applied to the workforce. , ,The video game industry has ...
... Business is booming again at the University of Wisconsin-Madisons ... job-seekers. , ,This is the best hiring situation weve seen ... associate director of ECS . Fall 2004 recruiting was ... are expected to attend Career Connection, the colleges spring job ...
Cached Biology Technology:HP charges toward the living room 2HP charges toward the living room 3Businesses and educators to preview video games for training 2Businesses and educators to preview video games for training 3Companies recruiting more UW engineering students 2Companies recruiting more UW engineering students 3Companies recruiting more UW engineering students 4
Glycerokinase; from Bacillus stearothermophilus...
... The inductive drives of VARIOMAG Magnetic ... as motors, belts, or mechanical bearings, making ... In addition, the VARIOMAG inductive drive can ... water, dust or microorganisms. This is why ...
...
... FL is equipped with ... measurement technologies that complement ... advanced features of Fluoroskan ... Fluoroskan Ascent FL provides ...
Biology Products: