Navigation Links
Tracing microbes between individuals towards personalized oral health care
Date:12/12/2010

December 13, 2010 The human body is home to a complex ecosystem of microbes increasingly recognized as having a critical role in both health and disease. Viruses can attack and change the composition of bacterial communities, yet little is known about how this might influence human health. In a study published online today in Genome Research (www.genome.org), scientists have performed the first metagenomic analysis of a bacterial immune system in humans over time, finding that the defenses of the oral microbiome are unique and traceable, information that could help personalize oral health care in the future.

With recent advances in sequencing technologies, researchers are now sampling the genetic diversity of entire microbial and viral communities at once, including those residing within us. Recent studies have investigated viral communities of the respiratory and digestive tracts, suggesting that viruses might influence the microbial ecosystem and health of the human host. Less is known about how viruses affect the oral microbiome, which could have significant implications for diseases of the oral cavity.

A strategy for monitoring the interaction between bacterial communities and viruses is to sequence specific bacterial DNA elements that confer acquired immunity against viral attack, called clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPRs). Bacteria integrate foreign DNA from encountered pathogens into "spacers" between the repeats, using the spacers to later recognize and respond to the attacker.

In this study, a team of scientists has for the first time analyzed the evolution of the CRISPR bacterial immune system over time in the human body, specifically investigating the oral microbiome. "We knew that bacteria developed specific resistance to viruses," said David Pride of the University of California, San Diego and lead author of the report, "but before this s
'/>"/>

Contact: Peggy Calicchia
calicchi@cshl.edu
516-422-4012
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Tracing natural hazards by taking Earths pulse
2. UV light nearly doubles vacuums effectiveness in reducing carpet microbes
3. Microbes may consume far more oil-spill waste than earlier thought
4. Progress toward treating infections by silencing microbes smart phones
5. Genomic comparison of ocean microbes reveals East-West divide in populations
6. Southern soils mitigate manure microbes
7. Ancient microbes responsible for breathing life into ocean deserts
8. Scientists discover how deadly fungal microbes enter host cells
9. Tiny marine microbes exert influence on global climate
10. How fast can microbes break down oil washed onto Gulf beaches?
11. UM School of Medicine study finds vaginal microbes vary among healthy women
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/29/2014)... compete with members of their own species. However, ... into their competitive ability. Some individuals are highly ... resources, while others seem to avoid competition, instead ... are left over for them. Moreover, the degree ... to fluctuate considerably over time. A theoretical study ...
(Date:10/28/2014)... in German . ... acquire sufficient food when times are lean? By studying ... d,Ivoire researchers of the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary ... how great apes can acquire extra energy needed to ... their sleeping nests more en route to breakfast sites ...
(Date:10/28/2014)... be building a hybrid micro-grid which will integrate ... in the region, the hybrid micro-grid will test ... diesel, storage and power-to-gas technologies, and ensure these ... built under the new Renewable Energy Integration Demonstrator- ... located offshore at Semakau Landfill and is expected ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Evolution of competitiveness 2Evolution of competitiveness 3The early chimp gets the fig 2The early chimp gets the fig 3NTU to build region's first renewable energy integration demonstration micro-grid 2NTU to build region's first renewable energy integration demonstration micro-grid 3
... the growing demand for organic food products has led to ... of Science, University of Copenhagen, a European research project will ... of a food product and deciding whether or not it ... as olive oil, coffee and wine are sold at a ...
... Among overweight and obese adults, a diet rich ... and other high-fiber foods, significantly reduces markers of inflammation ... by Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center. Such a "low-glycemic-load" ... also increases a hormone that helps regulate the metabolism ...
... Every year, a group of anti-whaling nonprofit organizations that ... spend, by conservative estimates, some $25 million on a ... And every year, commercial whaling not only continues, but ... number of whales harvested annually has doubled since the ...
Cached Biology News:Research prevents eco-fraud 2Research prevents eco-fraud 3A diet rich in slowly digested carbs reduces markers of inflammation in overweight and obese adults 2Can we save the whales by putting a price on them? 2Can we save the whales by putting a price on them? 3
(Date:10/27/2014)... Investor-Edge has initiated coverage on ... NBIX ), Insmed Inc. (NASDAQ: INSM ), ... Corporation (NASDAQ: DYAX ), and Oncothyreon Inc. ... be accessed at: http://investor-edge.com/register . On ... 4,483.72, up 0.69%, the Dow Jones Industrial Average advanced ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... Los Angeles, California (PRWEB) October 23, 2014 ... VDRM ), a specialty pharmaceutical company devoted to ... pursuing out-licensing partnerships in 2015. , ViaDerma has ... method, which allows for rapid mass transfer of ... into the body to provide immediate localized therapy. ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... 24, 2014 The Workgroup ... leading nonprofit authority on the use of health ... announces its appointment of four new co-chairs to ... leaders include:, ,     Peter Dumont, Senior ... Pupo, Specialist Leader, Deloitte Consulting LLP , ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... 2014 A new way to produce ... of current skin grafting technologies, it also speeds up ... method, outlined in the October issue of STEM CELLS ... skin injuries that result from severe burns and chronic ... skin’s regenerative elements. These wounds heal by contraction, with ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Pre-market Equity Watch on Biotech Industry - Neurocrine Biosciences, Insmed, BioCryst Pharma, Dyax, and Oncothyreon 2Pre-market Equity Watch on Biotech Industry - Neurocrine Biosciences, Insmed, BioCryst Pharma, Dyax, and Oncothyreon 3Pre-market Equity Watch on Biotech Industry - Neurocrine Biosciences, Insmed, BioCryst Pharma, Dyax, and Oncothyreon 4Pre-market Equity Watch on Biotech Industry - Neurocrine Biosciences, Insmed, BioCryst Pharma, Dyax, and Oncothyreon 5ViaDerma, Inc. Announces Plans to Pursue Out-Licensing Partnerships in 2015 2ViaDerma, Inc. Announces Plans to Pursue Out-Licensing Partnerships in 2015 3WEDI Appoints Four New Security and Privacy Workgroup Co-chairs 2New engineering method shows promise for faster healing, more cosmetically appealing skin grafts 2New engineering method shows promise for faster healing, more cosmetically appealing skin grafts 3
... works how people can tune in to a single ... solved this week in the journal Nature by ... Psychologists have known for decades about the so-called "cocktail ... in which it was coined. It is the remarkable human ...
... are single-cell plants that comprise nature,s smallest and ... thrive is water, light, and air. When bred ... to wastewater treatment to biofuels. Current microalgae breeding ... allowed by the laws of nature. Scientists at ...
... , Expanded clinical study ...   TMC435 and BMS-986094 (formerly ... in clinical trial , ... on the development of high-value treatments for infectious diseases, ...
Cached Biology Technology:How selective hearing works in the brain 2How selective hearing works in the brain 3Medivir Announces TMC435 in an Expanded Clinical Collaboration 2Medivir Announces TMC435 in an Expanded Clinical Collaboration 3Medivir Announces TMC435 in an Expanded Clinical Collaboration 4
... Science Rotarods are used to assess the effect ... resistance on mice and rats using one unit ... friendly; the animals are placed on textured drums ... the individual sensing platforms below, its test results ...
... MultiScribe Reverse Transcriptase is a ... reverse transcriptase. MultiScribe Reverse Transcriptase is ... differs in its recommended usage. MuLV ... DNA polymerase that uses single-stranded RNA ...
... DNase I Amplification Grade ... DNA to oligodeoxyribonucleotides. The ... units/mg. DNAse I Amplification ... and tested for absence ...
... for the determination of digitonin and digoxin. Physical ... Na 4 and 0.06% NaCl Preparation Note: ... Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 19, 755 (1965). ... of inorganic phosphorus from ATP per min at ...
Biology Products: