Navigation Links
Time is of the essence for reducing the long-term effects of iron deficiency
Date:6/27/2013

Cincinnati, OH, June 28, 2013 -- Iron deficiency is a worldwide problem, especially in developing countries and among infants and pregnant women. In infancy, iron deficiency is associated with poorer cognitive, motor, and social-emotional outcomes. In a new study scheduled for publication in The Journal of Pediatrics, researchers report on a 25-year follow-up of infants studied in Costa Rica for iron deficiency.

Betsy Lozoff, MD, and colleagues from the University of Michigan, Oakland University, and Instituto de Atencin Peditrica, Costa Rica, completed a 25-year follow-up of 191 infants (12-23 months old) from an urban community near San Jose, Costa Rica. The original analysis compared those with chronic, severe iron deficiency in infancy with those who were iron-sufficient before and/or after iron therapy. All infants with iron deficiency received iron therapy for 3 months. Because iron deficiency likely had lasted for months before it was identified and treated, some infants still had reduced iron status even after iron-deficiency anemia had been corrected.

122 subjects participated in the adult follow-up assessment. On average, the 33 adults who had chronic iron deficiency as infants completed one less year of schooling and were less likely to complete secondary school or pursue further education or training, or get married. Additionally, the chronically iron-deficient group rated their emotional health worse and reported more negative emotions and detachment/dissociation.

Although outcomes were better in those individuals who became iron-sufficient after 3 months of iron therapy, this long-term follow-up shows that individuals with chronic iron deficiency in infancy had poorer adult functions in all domains except for physical health and employment. According to Dr. Lozoff, "This observation suggests that poor long-term outcome, at least for overall functioning, may be prevented if iron treatment is given before iron deficiency becomes chronic and severe." Therefore it is important to prevent iron deficiency, monitor iron status, and initiate treatment as soon as a deficiency is detected.


'/>"/>

Contact: Becky Lindeman
journal.pediatrics@cchmc.org
513-636-7140
Elsevier Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Researchers find reducing fishmeal hinders growth of farmed fish
2. Reducing traffic at 2008 Olympics yielded large cut in CO2
3. Low ghrelin -- reducing appetite at the cost of increased stress?
4. A solution to reducing inflammation
5. Remarkable enzyme points the way to reducing nitric acid use in industry
6. Reducing radiation: Heart Institute model shows hope for new standards worldwide
7. Ozones impact on soybean yield: Reducing future losses
8. Toward reducing the greenhouse gas emissions of the Internet and telecommunications
9. Biologists map rare case of fitness-reducing interaction in nuclear, mitochondrial DNA
10. Reducing numbers of 1 carnivore species indirectly leads to extinction of others
11. Long-term research reveals causes and consequences of environmental change
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/22/2016)... , March 22, 2016 ... report "Electronic Sensors Market for Consumer Industry by Type ... Others), Application (Communication & IT, Entertainment, Home ... Global Forecast to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, ... expected to reach USD 26.76 Billion by ...
(Date:3/15/2016)... -- --> --> According ... "Digital Door Lock Systems Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, ... digital door lock systems market in terms of revenue was ... to grow at a CAGR of 31.8% during the period ... (MSMEs) across the world and high industrial activity driving inclusive ...
(Date:3/11/2016)... 11, 2016 --> ... report "Image Recognition Market by Technology (Pattern Recognition), by ... by Deployment Type (On-Premises and Cloud), by Industry Vertical ... by MarketsandMarkets, the global market is expected to grow ... Billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 19.1%. ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... Amendia, ... spinal surgical procedures, today announced the completion of a significant transaction and partnership ... and future customers and partners. Kohlberg & Company, L.L.C. (“Kohlberg”), a leading ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... April 29, 2016 , ... During a two day program ... viable company, CereScan’s CEO, John Kelley, joined other Denver business leaders in providing ... in the Denver area business community, shared his top fundamental learnings in building ...
(Date:4/29/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Intelligent Implant Systems announced today that the two-level components for ... the United States. These components expand the capabilities of the system and allow ... in October of 2015, the company has seen significant sales growth in 1Q 2016, ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... 2016 The report "Cryocooler Market ... Service (Technical Support, Product Repairs & Refurbishment, Preventive Maintenance, ... to 2022", published by MarketsandMarkets, the global market is ... at a CAGR of 7.29% between 2016 and 2022. ... 94 Figures spread through 159 Pages and in-depth TOC ...
Breaking Biology Technology: