Navigation Links
Time is of the essence for reducing the long-term effects of iron deficiency

Cincinnati, OH, June 28, 2013 -- Iron deficiency is a worldwide problem, especially in developing countries and among infants and pregnant women. In infancy, iron deficiency is associated with poorer cognitive, motor, and social-emotional outcomes. In a new study scheduled for publication in The Journal of Pediatrics, researchers report on a 25-year follow-up of infants studied in Costa Rica for iron deficiency.

Betsy Lozoff, MD, and colleagues from the University of Michigan, Oakland University, and Instituto de Atencin Peditrica, Costa Rica, completed a 25-year follow-up of 191 infants (12-23 months old) from an urban community near San Jose, Costa Rica. The original analysis compared those with chronic, severe iron deficiency in infancy with those who were iron-sufficient before and/or after iron therapy. All infants with iron deficiency received iron therapy for 3 months. Because iron deficiency likely had lasted for months before it was identified and treated, some infants still had reduced iron status even after iron-deficiency anemia had been corrected.

122 subjects participated in the adult follow-up assessment. On average, the 33 adults who had chronic iron deficiency as infants completed one less year of schooling and were less likely to complete secondary school or pursue further education or training, or get married. Additionally, the chronically iron-deficient group rated their emotional health worse and reported more negative emotions and detachment/dissociation.

Although outcomes were better in those individuals who became iron-sufficient after 3 months of iron therapy, this long-term follow-up shows that individuals with chronic iron deficiency in infancy had poorer adult functions in all domains except for physical health and employment. According to Dr. Lozoff, "This observation suggests that poor long-term outcome, at least for overall functioning, may be prevented if iron treatment is given before iron deficiency becomes chronic and severe." Therefore it is important to prevent iron deficiency, monitor iron status, and initiate treatment as soon as a deficiency is detected.


Contact: Becky Lindeman
Elsevier Health Sciences

Related biology news :

1. Researchers find reducing fishmeal hinders growth of farmed fish
2. Reducing traffic at 2008 Olympics yielded large cut in CO2
3. Low ghrelin -- reducing appetite at the cost of increased stress?
4. A solution to reducing inflammation
5. Remarkable enzyme points the way to reducing nitric acid use in industry
6. Reducing radiation: Heart Institute model shows hope for new standards worldwide
7. Ozones impact on soybean yield: Reducing future losses
8. Toward reducing the greenhouse gas emissions of the Internet and telecommunications
9. Biologists map rare case of fitness-reducing interaction in nuclear, mitochondrial DNA
10. Reducing numbers of 1 carnivore species indirectly leads to extinction of others
11. Long-term research reveals causes and consequences of environmental change
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/6/2015)... 2015  Maverix Biomics, Inc., a leading genomic ... software portfolio with the debut of its RNA-Seq ... in eukaryotes. The software is integrated into the ... analysis solution that leverages proven open-source algorithms and ... efforts. Garry Nolan,s laboratory at ...
(Date:9/30/2015)... , Sept. 30, 2015  The U.S. Court of ... another key ruling in favor of Crossmatch ™, ... fingerprint scanner company Suprema and its U.S. partner Mentalix ... a trade provision that declares it unlawful to engage ... infringing two of Crossmatch,s patents, the 5,900,993 patent and ...
(Date:9/28/2015)...  The monitoring of vital signs, such as ... an essential component of patient assessment. Changes in ... a patient,s condition. However, in general care areas ... during routine observation rounds only once every four ... these observation rounds, the warning signs can go ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/13/2015)... , October 13, 2015 " ... and Forecast 2015 - 2023 " , the ... and is anticipated to reach US$7.59 bn by 2023, expanding at ... 2023. --> " Microbiology Culture Market - Global ... " , the global microbiology culture market was ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... --      Q BioMed Inc (OTC: QBIO), ... a strategic relationship with Wombat Capital, Ltd., a ... France based strategic and scientific advisory firm.. ... collaborative arrangement gives Q BioMed and its stakeholders access ... as long established pharmaceutical industry relationships. The advisors within ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... and distributor of automation systems, material handling solutions and components, is opening its ... I-94 near State Street, the facility is Exotic’s second major expansion in Metropolitan ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... , ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... educational opportunities for school age children in the areas of Science, Technology, Engineering ... sectors of the national economy, and the program aims to increase the number ...
Breaking Biology Technology: