Navigation Links
The equine Adam lived fairly recently: Close relationships among modern stallions
Date:4/4/2013

In mammals, an individual's sex is determined by the chromosomes it inherits from its parents. Two X chromosomes lead to a female, whereas one X and one Y lead to a male. Y chromosomes are only passed from fathers to sons, so each Y chromosome represents the male genealogy of the animal in question. In contrast, mitochondria are passed on by mothers to all their offspring. This means that an analysis of the genetic material or DNA of mitochondria can give information on the female ancestry. For the modern horse, it is well known that mitochondrial DNA is extremely diverse and this has been interpreted to mean that many ancestral female horses have passed their DNA on to modern horse breeds. Until recently, though, essentially no sequence diversity had been detected on the Y chromosome of the domestic horse. Not only does the lack of sequence markers on the Y chromosome make it impossible to trace male lineages with confidence, it also represents a scientific paradox. How can a species with so many female lines have so few male lines? The issue has now been addressed by Barbara Wallner and colleagues at the Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna (Vetmeduni Vienna).

Wallner initially selected seventeen horses from a range of European breeds. She pooled their DNAs and used modern sequencing technology to examine the level of diversity on a 200 kb portion of the Y chromosome she had previously sequenced. The Y chromosomes were found to be highly similar: only five positions turned out to be variable. As Wallner says, "the results confirmed what we had previously suspected: that the Y chromosomes of modern breeds of horse show far less variability than those of other domestic animals."

The five variable positions, or polymorphisms, were nevertheless sufficient to enable the researchers to derive a type of "family tree" for the various breeds of modern horse they investigated. An examinati
'/>"/>

Contact: Dr. Barbara Wallner
barbara.wallner@vetmeduni.ac.at
43-125-077-5627
University of Veterinary Medicine -- Vienna
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Stem cells could heal equine tendon injuries
2. HJF works with global team to develop equine vaccine against deadly hendra virus
3. Improving equine health: Research studies vaccinations to protect newborn foals
4. Earliest sea cow ancestors originated in Africa, lived in fresh water
5. New method for creating long-lived stem cells used for bone replacement
6. Mystery to the origin of long-lived, skin-deep immune cells uncovered
7. New model reveals how huddling penguins share heat fairly
8. Spiral Genetics Closes $3 Million in Funding Led by DFJ and Announces Partnership with Omicia
9. Prairie dogs disperse when all close kin have disappeared
10. A closer look at chromosomes
11. Another muscular dystrophy mystery solved; MU scientists inch closer to a therapy for patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/18/2014)... In a sample of patients with undiagnosed, suspected genetic ... associated with a higher molecular diagnostic yield than traditional ... JAMA . The study is being released to ... meeting. , Exome sequencing, which sequences the protein­coding region ... genetic material present in a cell or organism), has ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... . Why do ... to reproduce? And why are there two sexes anyway? These ... of the research journal Molecular Human Reproduction published ... Bielefeld University Bielefeld has compiled this special issue on sperm ... to copulate with several males in quick succession – chimpanzees ...
(Date:10/17/2014)... available in German . ... few drugs. When treating overdoses, doctors are often limited to ... if there is a combination of drugs involved. So what ... swallows his grandmother,s pills? ETH professor Jean-Christophe Leroux from the ... an answer to this question. "The task was to develop ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 2Study examines type of exome sequencing and molecular diagnostic yield 3Sperm wars 2Emergency aid for overdoses 2Emergency aid for overdoses 3
... (Santa Barbara, Calif.) Viruses fill the ocean ... marine microbiology, according to a professor of biology at ... Carlson, professor with UCSB,s Department of Ecology, Evolution, and ... of marine viruses published this week by the ...
... transport system inside living cells is a well-oiled machine with ... around the cell. These molecular motors are responsible for a ... on the go. They can put themselves into "energy save ... what gets moved around the cell, and when. ...
... is available in Spanish . A ... what is causing the decline in bumble bee populations and ... the next generation of greenhouse pollinators. Bumble bees, like ... used to pollinate greenhouse crops like peppers and tomatoes. But ...
Cached Biology News:Decade-long study reveals recurring patterns of viruses in the open ocean 2Decade-long study reveals recurring patterns of viruses in the open ocean 3Carnegie Mellon scientists discover how molecular motors go into 'energy save mode' 2Carnegie Mellon scientists discover how molecular motors go into 'energy save mode' 3The flight of the bumble bee: Why are they disappearing? 2
(Date:10/20/2014)... 20, 2014 Convey Computer , ... team from Iowa State University won first place in ... a Convey HC-2ex, the team’s solution achieved the highest ... than the second place finisher. , Experts from all ... the month long challenge, using a variety of design ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... GUELPH, ON , Oct. 20, 2014 /PRNewswire/ - BIOREM Inc. ... totalling $1.7 million which brings Q3 orders to $5.8 million and ... odour control projects in North America and ... "We continue to bid new projects at record levels," said ... values were higher at the end of Q3 than they have ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... 2014  GenVec, Inc. (NASDAQ: GNVC ) today ... from its board of directors effective on October 24, 2014.  ... served as its chairman from June 2006 to November 2013.  ... Corporate Governance and Audit Committees of the board.  ... of dedicated service to GenVec, and its stockholders," said ...
(Date:10/20/2014)... OncLive® is pleased ... at Thomas Jefferson University has joined its Strategic ... Alliance Partnership program, the Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center ... awareness of the Center’s cutting-edge research programs, comprehensive ... and other health care professionals from the Sidney ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 2Team from Iowa State Wins 2014 MemoCODE Design Contest Using Convey HC-2ex 3Zola P. Horovitz To Retire From GenVec Board 2Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 2Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center at Thomas Jefferson University Partners With OncLive 3
... Another Key Regulatory MilestoneLONDON, March 10 Monsanto,s historic ... and biotechnology has contributed to a 24 percent compound ... segment since 2001. This is one of the ... Commercial, will tell investors today as part of a ...
... has long been known for its world-record-breaking carbon ... have discovered new uses by spinning carbon nanotubes ... , Breakthroughs Without Broken Threads ... to grow carbon nanotubes of world-record breaking lengths, ...
... American Pacific Corporation (Nasdaq: APFC ) is ... Chemicals LLC (AFC), located near Sacramento California, recently inaugurated ... The new facility can accommodate either batch reactors (20 ... using up to 7 reactors from 0.25 to 1 ...
Cached Biology Technology:Monsanto's Historic R&D Investment has Contributed to Mid-20s Gross Profit Growth for Its Seeds and Genomics Segment 2Monsanto's Historic R&D Investment has Contributed to Mid-20s Gross Profit Growth for Its Seeds and Genomics Segment 3Spinning carbon nanotubes spawns new wireless applications 2AMPAC Fine Chemicals Announces the Inauguration of the New cGMP Continuous Processing Development Facility 2
... is an evolutionarily conserved form of cell ... The central component of this process ... caspases. These enzymes participate in a ... response to pro-apoptotic signals and result in ...
... is manufactured for DNA purification from agarose ... UV light. The Purification of DNA from ... DNA-cloning work. The conventional method of visualizing ... UV light damages DNA and significantly decreases ...
...
CleanBox DNA workstation with two 254nm UV lambs & 12-hr timer, 90cm (36-inch)width, single door, 115V (w/crating)...
Biology Products: