Navigation Links
Tamiflu-resistant influenza: Parsing the genome for the culprits
Date:3/31/2014

Tamiflu is one of the few available treatments for those who come down with the flu. But the virus quickly develops resistance; multiplying at a rate of several generations a day, these tiny pathogens rapidly accumulate genetic mutations. Because of this, they have a good chance of developing counterattacks to the antiviral. How can these infinitesimal variations be identified within the immensity of the virus' genetic code? EPFL researchers have created a computer tool that can shed light on the flu virus' formidable adaptability. They were able to find mutations that conferred resistance that had up to this point not yet been identified. Their software has been made freely available to researchers everywhere, and is the subject of an article published in the journal PLOS Genetics.

Widespread use of Tamiflu leads to resistance

In theory, Tamiflu should only be used by patients in fragile health. But during the 2008-2009 flu season, the drug was used for the first time on a very wide scale. Resistant strains of the virus appeared within just a few weeks. Fortunately, even though the mutation induced a resistance to Tamiflu, it also caused a reduction in the replication rate of the virus. Once the use of the antiviral was dialed back to a more reasonable level, the resistant strains lost their competitive advantage, and they disappeared, submerged by competitors that were sensitive to the drug but had a higher rate of replication.

Resistance always results from random mutations, says Jeffrey Jensen, co-author of the EPFL study. But when a mutation leads to a competitive advantage, for example the ability to resist against a source of aggression, it tends to be passed on to its descendants. "A priori, nothing distinguishes one mutation from another; they're all the result of chance. Our goal is precisely to be able to tell the difference between mutations that make the virus resistant to Tamiflu, thus leading to a selection ph
'/>"/>

Contact: Lionel Pousaz
lionel.pousaz@epfl.ch
41-795-597-161
Ecole Polytechnique Fdrale de Lausanne
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related biology news :

1. Better preparedness against Tamiflu-resistant influenza viruses
2. H7N9 influenza: History of similar viruses gives cause for concern
3. Research from CHORI scientists demonstrates first genome methylation in fruit fly
4. Genome-wide association studies mislead on cardiac arrhythmia risk gene
5. In the genome of loblolly pine lies hope for better resistance to a damaging disease
6. Loblolly pine genome is largest ever sequenced
7. Loblolly pines immense genome conquered
8. Newly identified small-RNA pathway defends genome against the enemy within
9. The genome of sesame sheds new lights on oil biosynthesis
10. Scripps Wellderly Genome Resource now available to researchers
11. Pond-dwelling powerhouses genome points to its biofuel potential
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/29/2014)... shifts over the last 120,000 years may have ... of researchers led by City College of New ... biodiversity metric called "phylogeographic endemism." , It quantifies ... species is restricted in geographical space. , Dr. ... other researchers from institutions in Brazil, Australia and ...
(Date:8/29/2014)... cell,s nucleus, chromosomal DNA is tightly bound to ... call chromatin. Until about two decades ago, histones ... packing material around which the glamorous DNA strands ... greater appreciation for how DNA/histone interactions govern gene ... institutions studying the sequence of the genome from ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... handful of bacterial culprits that may drive inflammatory bowel ... using patients, own intestinal immune responses as a guide. ... journal Cell . , Trillions of bacteria exist ... role in the development and progression of IBD. Yet ... species affect a person,s susceptibility to IBD and its ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):CCNY team defines new biodiversity metric 2'K-to-M' histone mutations: How repressing the repressors may drive tissue-specific cancers 2'K-to-M' histone mutations: How repressing the repressors may drive tissue-specific cancers 3Yale study identifies possible bacterial drivers of IBD 2
... New York University School of Medicine researchers provide some ... to air pollution--even at levels within federal standards--causes heart ... disease but until now it was poorly understood how ... well-designed mouse study, where animals breathed air as polluted ...
... diseases during in vitro fertilization offers couples the best ... could potentially cause doctors to misdiagnose a small fraction ... Citing concerns about the accuracy of preimplantation genetic diagnosis, ... embryos during IVF, UF researchers set out to study ...
... health hazard, researchers at the University of Rochester Medical Center ... in mice to harm the function of T-cells, which regulate ... , The discovery adds insight to the latest trend in ... public health threat to understanding the long-term burden on the ...
Cached Biology News:Researchers show how air pollution can cause heart disease 2Researchers show how air pollution can cause heart disease 3Genetic testing still smart choice, despite uncertainties 2Genetic testing still smart choice, despite uncertainties 3The dangerous legacy of lead 2
(Date:8/28/2014)... Earlier this month, a report was created ... U.S. Air Force on the performance of vehicles using ... type of fuel made from mustard seeds, offered great ... America’s Eco friendly future. In fact, every branch of ... independent of foreign oil over the next few years. ...
(Date:8/28/2014)... (PRWEB) August 28, 2014 Whitehouse Laboratories ... long term partnership with PTI Inspection Systems ... with state of the art leak testing method development ... art instruments currently available. As part of this agreement, ... High Voltage Leak Detection Instrument developed and manufactured ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... Aug. 27, 2014 Rhythm, a biopharmaceutical company ... deficiencies that result in metabolic disorders, announced today that ... with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) relating ... its common stock. The number of shares to be ... not yet been determined. Citigroup and Cowen ...
(Date:8/27/2014)... DENVER , Aug. 27, 2014   MSC ... and patient safety, today announced the appointment of ... With 28 years of experience preparing companies ... in 2013 as Executive Vice President of Corporate Development ... healthcare performance improvement business , as well as corporate ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Can Small Farmers and a New Seed Based Biofuel “Green” the World? Major Universities and Even the U.S. Air Force Seem to Think So 2Can Small Farmers and a New Seed Based Biofuel “Green” the World? Major Universities and Even the U.S. Air Force Seem to Think So 3Can Small Farmers and a New Seed Based Biofuel “Green” the World? Major Universities and Even the U.S. Air Force Seem to Think So 4Can Small Farmers and a New Seed Based Biofuel “Green” the World? Major Universities and Even the U.S. Air Force Seem to Think So 5Whitehouse Labs Renews Partnership with PTI Inspection Systems 2Whitehouse Labs Renews Partnership with PTI Inspection Systems 3Rhythm Files Registration Statement for Proposed Initial Public Offering 2MSC names Mary Beth Loesch President and CEO 2
... 3 Ikaria Holdings, Inc., a fully,integrated critical ... CEO, David Shaw, will present at the 26th ... at 3:00 p.m., PST. The,conference will be held ... in San,Francisco., About Ikaria Holdings, Inc., ...
... than 500,000 Total Prescriptions Have Been Dispensed for ... ... 3 Shire plc (LSE: SHP,Nasdaq: SHPGY, TSX: SHQ), the ... from the U.S. Food and Drug,Administration (FDA) for three additional ...
... Jan. 3 Neogen Corporation,(Nasdaq: NEOG ) announced ... FY 2008, which ended Nov. 30, increased 34% from ... split, net income in the,quarter rose to $0.22 per ... net income of $3,254,000 set another quarterly,record for the ...
Cached Biology Technology:FDA Approves Additional Dosage Strengths of Shire's ADHD Treatment VYVANSE(TM) (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) Which May Help Physicians Tailor Treatment for Individual Patients 2FDA Approves Additional Dosage Strengths of Shire's ADHD Treatment VYVANSE(TM) (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) Which May Help Physicians Tailor Treatment for Individual Patients 3FDA Approves Additional Dosage Strengths of Shire's ADHD Treatment VYVANSE(TM) (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) Which May Help Physicians Tailor Treatment for Individual Patients 4FDA Approves Additional Dosage Strengths of Shire's ADHD Treatment VYVANSE(TM) (lisdexamfetamine dimesylate) Which May Help Physicians Tailor Treatment for Individual Patients 5Neogen Reports 34% Increase in Net Income, 23% Increase in Revenues 2Neogen Reports 34% Increase in Net Income, 23% Increase in Revenues 3Neogen Reports 34% Increase in Net Income, 23% Increase in Revenues 4Neogen Reports 34% Increase in Net Income, 23% Increase in Revenues 5
pETDuet-1 is designed for the coexpression of two target genes....
... Recognizes K+ Cl- ... shows no significant sequence ... or CCC.,SPECIES REACTIVITIES: The ... conserved in human, mouse, ...
Anti-Potassium Channel EAG-1 Immunogen: Synthetic peptide from the C-terminus of rat Kv10.1 (Accession Q63472). The immunogen sequence is identical in mouse and 14/16 residues identical in human...
oligophrenin-1 (H-100)...
Biology Products: