Navigation Links
Surface-level ozone pollution set to reduce tree growth 10 percent by 2100
Date:12/9/2008

Modern day concentrations of ground level ozone pollution are decreasing the growth of trees in the northern and temperate mid-latitudes, as shown in a paper publishing today in Global Change Biology. Tree growth, measured in biomass, is already 7% less than the late 1800s, and this is set to increase to a 17% reduction by the end of the century.

Ozone pollution is four times greater now than prior to the Industrial Revolution in the mid-1700s; if modern dependence on fossil fuels continues at the current pace, future ozone concentrations will be at least double current levels by the end of this century with the capacity to further decrease the growth of trees.

The study is the first statistical summary of individual experimental measurements of how ozone will damage the productivity of trees, including data from 263 peer-reviewed scientific publications.

Ozone is the third strongest greenhouse gas, directly contributing to global warming, and is the air pollutant considered to be the most damaging to plants. But more importantly, it has the potential to leave more carbon dioxide, ranked as the first strongest greenhouse gas, in the atmosphere by decreasing carbon assimilation in trees. Ozone pollution occurs when nitrogen oxides have a photochemical reaction with volatile organic compounds.

"This research quantifies the mean response of trees to ozone pollution measured in terms of total tree biomass, and all component parts such as leaf, root and shoot, lost due to ozone pollution," said Dr. Victoria Wittig, lead author of the study. "Looking at how ozone pollution affects trees is important because of the indirect impact on carbon dioxide concentrations in the atmosphere which will further enhance global warming, in addition to ozone's already potent direct impact."

In addition to ozone pollution reducing the strength of trees to hold carbon in the northern temperate mid-latitudes by reducing tree growth, the research also indicates that broad-leaf trees, such as poplars, are more sensitive to ozone pollution than conifers, such as pines, and that root growth is suppressed more than aboveground growth.

"Beyond the consequences for global warming, the study also infers that in mixed forests conifers will be favored over broad-leaved trees, and that the decrease in root size will increase the vulnerability to storms," said Wittig.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jennifer Beal
wbnewseurope@wiley.com
44-078-024-68863
Wiley-Blackwell
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Wildfires cause ozone pollution to violate health standards, new study shows
2. Alternatives to ozone-depleting pesticide studied
3. Ozone hole recovery may reshape southern hemisphere climate change
4. Regional nuclear conflict would create near-global ozone hole, says CU-Boulder study
5. Gene that controls ozone resistance of plants could lead to drought-resistant crops
6. Ozone can affect heavier people more
7. Ozone intrusions -- humankinds fault?
8. MIT: Human-generated ozone will damage crops
9. 2007 ozone hole smaller than usual
10. NASA keeps eye on ozone layer amid Montreal Protocols success
11. Skin oil -- ozone interactions worsen air quality in airplanes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/9/2016)... June 9, 2016 Paris ... Teleste,s video security solution to ensure the safety of people ... during the major tournament Teleste, an international ... and services, announced today that its video security solution will ... to back up public safety across the country. The system ...
(Date:6/3/2016)... Das DOTM (Department ... hat ein 44 Millionen $-Projekt ... einschließlich Personalisierung, Registrierung und IT-Infrastruktur, an Decatur ... Implementierung von Identitätsmanagementlösungen. Zahlreiche renommierte internationale Anbieter ... aber Decatur wurde als konformste und innovativste ...
(Date:6/2/2016)... , June 2, 2016   The Weather Company , ... Watson Ads, an industry-first capability in which consumers will be ... able to ask questions via voice or text and receive ... Marketers have long sought an advertising ... that can be personal, relevant and valuable; and can scale ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... , ... December 01, 2016 , ... ACEA Biosciences, Inc. ... Phase I/II clinical trials for AC0010 at the World Conference on Lung Cancer 2016, ... an update on the phase I/II clinical trials for AC0010 in patients with advanced ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 01, 2016 , ... The Conference Forum has announced that the ... will take place on February 1-3, 2017 at the Roosevelt Hotel in New York ... program provides a unique 360-degree approach, which addresses the most up-to-date information regarding business ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Robots will storm the ... on December 3rd, 2016. The event, which is held on the United Nations International ... Americans with Disabilities back into the workplace. Suitable Technologies is partnering with NTI to ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... November 30, 2016 , ... BEI Kimco, ... Actuator with a flexure design that ensures high alignment accuracy by preventing unwanted ... is ideally suited where extreme precision is required, such as in medical equipment, ...
Breaking Biology Technology: