Navigation Links
Stress eaters may compensate by eating less when times are good
Date:10/30/2013

When faced with stress, some people seem to lose their appetite while others reach for the nearest sweet, salty, or fatty snack. Conventional wisdom tells us that stress eaters are the ones who need to regulate their bad habits, but new research suggests that stress eaters show a dynamic pattern of eating behavior that could have benefits in non-stressful situations.

The study, published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, shows that "munchers" and "skippers" display compensatory patterns of consumption in response to positive and negative social situations. While munchers in the study ate more after being stressed, they ate less in response to a positive situation; skippers actually showed the reverse pattern, eating more after a positive experience.

"These findings challenge the simplistic view that stress eaters need to regulate their eating behavior to prevent weight gain," says lead researcher Gudrun Sproesser of the University of Konstanz, in Germany. "Both skippers and munchers have their 'soft spot' for food, they just show different compensatory eating patterns in response to positive and negative situations."

Sproesser and colleagues recruited volunteers to participate in a study on "first impressions." The participants interacted with an unfamiliar partner by video before meeting them in person. After making their own videos, the participants received one of three messages in return: Some heard that their partner had decided not to meet with them after seeing the video, while others heard that their partner liked them and looked forward to meeting them. A third control group was told that the experiment had to be cancelled for other reasons.

Then, the participants went on to participate in a supposedly unrelated study involving a taste test for three flavors of ice cream. They were allowed to eat as much ice cream as they wanted.

The results showed that, when faced with negative feedback, self-identified munchers ate more ice cream than participants in the control group, while self-identified skippers ate less. Munchers ate, on average, about 120 more calories' worth of ice cream than did the skippers.

But, when faced with positive feedback, munchers actually ate less than the control group, while skippers tended to eat more the skippers consumed, on average, 74 calories' worth more than the munchers.

"We predicted that munchers and skippers differ in food intake after experiencing a positive situation," says Sproesser. "However, we were rather surprised that the data showed an almost mirror image in ice cream consumption when compared to the data from the social exclusion condition."

The research offers insight for anyone who wants to understand the relationship between stress and eating, but it has specific importance for clinicians and practitioners working to promote healthy eating.The patterns of calorie consumption suggest that the behavior of both munchers and skippers could significantly influence body weight over time.

"Stress eaters should not be considered at risk to gain weight by default," says Sproesser. "Our results suggest the need for a dynamic view of food intake across multiple situations, positive and negative."

"Furthermore, our findings suggest rethinking the recommendation to regulate stress eating. Skipping food when being stressed may cause additional stress in munchers and could possibly disturb compensation across situations."


'/>"/>

Contact: Anna Mikulak
amikulak@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Do anaesthetics trigger stress?
2. Rutgers study: Worms may shed light on human ability to handle chronic stress
3. Researchers discover protein that helps plants tolerate drought, flooding, other stresses
4. Oxidative stress, mitochondrial damage and neurodegenerative diseases
5. Fetal stress disrupts the way genes are transmitted
6. How to learn successfully even under stress
7. Offspring of mothers stressed during pregnancy with a passive stress coping style more prone to obesity
8. Stress early in life leads to adulthood anxiety and preference for comfort foods
9. Hijacking stress response in cancer
10. Dads life stress exposure can affect offspring brain development, Penn Study finds
11. Posttraumatic stress disorder treatment: Genetic predictor of response to exposure therapy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/5/2017)... April 4, 2017 KEY FINDINGS ... expand at a CAGR of 25.76% during the forecast ... the primary factor for the growth of the stem ... https://www.reportbuyer.com/product/4807905/ MARKET INSIGHTS The global stem cell ... application, and geography. The stem cell market of the ...
(Date:3/30/2017)... Trends, opportunities and forecast in this market ... (fingerprint, AFIS, iris recognition, facial recognition, hand geometry, vein ... use industry (government and law enforcement, commercial and retail, ... others), and by region ( North America ... Pacific , and the Rest of the World) ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Global ... to 2025" report to their offering. ... The Global Biometric Vehicle Access System Market ... the next decade to reach approximately $1,580 million by 2025. ... for all the given segments on global as well as regional ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:9/19/2017)... Charlotte, NC (PRWEB) , ... September 19, 2017 ... ... focusing on band technologies for surgical applications, announced today that two new patents ... System. , Michael Albert, MD, Co-Founder of Band-LOK, said, “We continue to explore ...
(Date:9/17/2017)... ... 2017 , ... GeneOne Life Science, Inc. announces that it ... (KMFDS) for an Investigational New Drug application for a Phase I/IIa study of ... study in Korea represents the second clinical trial for GLS-5300. , A ...
(Date:9/14/2017)... , ... September 14, 2017 , ... ... is utilizing its extensive experience with Health Economics and Outcomes Research (HEOR) and ... and laboratory testing. In 2014, US healthcare spending exceeded $3.0 trillion with nearly ...
(Date:9/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... AMRI, a global contract research, development and ... quality of life for more than 25 years, today announced that John Iannone, ... International Standards Organization/Technical Committee 194: Biological and Clinical Evaluation of Medical Devices ...
Breaking Biology Technology: