Navigation Links
Stem cell source an important factor, impacting ability to treat myocardial infarction
Date:2/13/2013

Putnam Valley, NY. (Feb. 13, 2013) When a research team from Denmark and Sweden compared the therapeutic capabilities of adipose-derived stem cells (ASCs) versus bone marrow-derived stem cells (BMSCs) obtained from a single 84 year-old male donor with ischemic coronary disease to regeneratively treat myocardial infarction in a rat model, they found that the ASCs preserved more cardiac function in the test rats while neither stem cell type induced myocardial angiogenesis (blood vessel growth.)

The study appears as an early e-publication for the journal Cell Transplantation, and is now freely available on-line at http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/cog/ct/pre-prints/ct0921rasmussen.

"Treatment of myocardial infarction with bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSCs) and adipose-derived stem cells has shown promising results," said study co-author Dr. Trine Fink. "The transplantation of MSCs in treating myocardial infarction (MI) has been shown to improve left ventricular function in animal models. In this study, we compared the effects of adipose-derived stem cells and BMSCs from an elderly male suffering from coronary atherosclerosis when the donated cells were transplanted randomly, without the administration of immunosuppressant drugs, into two groups of adult rats modeled with MI."

The researchers noted that the age and health status of cell donors are important factors and that the impact of cell transplantation using cells from elderly patients with cardiac ischemia "needs to be elucidated."

The researchers found that ASCs ameliorated heart failure following MI in the group receiving ASCs while the group receiving the BMSCs received no similar benefit. They found that the BMSCs secreted a significantly larger amount of vascular endothelial growth factor, VEGF, than the ASCs, but that did not result in a better angiogenic response. In addition, the group receiving ASCs had improved left ventricular fraction.

That neither stem cell group induced myocardial angiogenesis raised questions about whether donor age and health have an effect on the efficacy of stem cells used in treating myocardial infarction, said the researchers.

"While this study supported previous findings that ASCs are less prone to diminish in numbers and efficacy with aging when compared to BMSCs, the characteristics of MSCs from elderly patients suffering from coronary atherosclerosis need to be determined," they concluded.


'/>"/>

Contact: Robert Miranda
cogcomm@aol.com
Cell Transplantation Center of Excellence for Aging and Brain Repair
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Hastings Center resources chart progress in debate over medical research with animals
2. Nitrogen from pollution, natural sources causes growth of toxic algae, study finds
3. Marginal lands are prime fuel source for alternative energy
4. Elsevier launches new journal: Journal of Unconventional Oil and Gas Resources
5. The first genome sequence of Chinese plum provides important resource for fruit improvement
6. Soybeans a source of valuable chemical
7. Lyncean Technologies Inc. sells Compact Light Source to Munich biomedical-imaging research center
8. New test adds to scientists understanding of Earths history, resources
9. Stanford geoscientist cites critical need for basic research to unleash promising energy sources
10. Study IDs kerosene lamps as big source of black carbon
11. Water resources management and policy in a changing world: Where do we go from here?
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/19/2017)... The global military biometrics market ... by the presence of several large global players. The ... major players - 3M Cogent, NEC Corporation, M2SYS Technology, ... 61% of the global military biometric market in 2016. ... military biometrics market boast global presence, which has catapulted ...
(Date:4/13/2017)... India , April 13, 2017 According to ... Proofing, Identity Authentication, Identity Analytics, Identity Administration, and Authorization), Service, Authentication Type, ... MarketsandMarkets™, the IAM Market is expected to grow from USD 14.30 Billion ... Growth Rate (CAGR) of 17.3%. ... MarketsandMarkets ...
(Date:4/11/2017)... 2017 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ:   NXTD ... the appointment of independent Directors Mr. Robin D. Richards ... of Directors, furthering the company,s corporate governance and expertise. ... Gino Pereira , Chief ... to their guidance and benefiting from their considerable expertise as ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:10/9/2017)... , Oct. 9, 2017  BioTech Holdings ... mechanism by which its ProCell stem cell therapy ... limb ischemia.  The Company, demonstrated that treatment with ... of limbs saved as compared to standard bone ... molecule HGF resulted in reduction of therapeutic effect.  ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... October 09, 2017 , ... At its ... Dr. Christopher Stubbs, a professor in Harvard University’s Departments of Physics and Astronomy, has ... was a member of the winning team for the 2015 Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental ...
(Date:10/9/2017)... ... October 09, 2017 , ... ... the medical journal, Epilepsia, Brain Sentinel’s SPEAC® System which uses the surface ... detecting generalized tonic-clonic seizures (GTCS) using surface electromyography (sEMG). The prospective multicenter ...
(Date:10/7/2017)... ... October 06, 2017 , ... ... Hi-C metagenome deconvolution product, featuring the first commercially available Hi-C kit. Researchers ... perform Hi-C metagenome deconvolution using their own facilities, supplementing the company’s full-service ...
Breaking Biology Technology: