Navigation Links
Specialization for underwater hearing by the tympanic middle ear of the turtle
Date:3/21/2012

A group of biologists from Denmark and the US led by Jakob Christensen-Dalsgaard, University of Southern Denmark, and Catherine Carr, University of Maryland, have shown that the turtle ear is specialized for underwater hearing. The new discovery is published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B March 21st , Special features of the turtle ear a large, air-filled middle ear and a movable tympanic disk increase its sensitivity for underwater sound. Laser measurements of disk vibrations in response to underwater sound show up to 100-fold larger vibrations of the disk than the surrounding water, most likely because the air volume resonates in an underwater sound field and drives the tympanic disk.

The tympanic middle ear is often seen as an adaptation to hearing in air, but the turtle tympanic ear is an anomaly here, because turtles are generally 100-fold less sensitive than other animals with eardrums, like mammals, birds and reptiles.

However, turtles are amphibious animals, and anatomical and biophysical studies by a group of biologists from Denmark and the US have shown that the ear of the red-eared slider is specialized for underwater rather than airborne sound.

CT scans, laser measurements from the ear under water and auditory evoked responses showed that the turtle ear was more sensitive for underwater than for airborne sound. The sensitivity is caused by the air filled middle ear. Resonance in the air cavity lined by the tympanic disc drives the disc and amplifies its vibrations up to 100 fold under water.

What the turtle is using its sensitive underwater hearing for is unknown. However, the sensitive hearing can be used for prey capture, predator avoidance and navigation under water. An alternative possibility is that turtles communicate by underwater sound. Underwater sound communication is unknown in the red-eared slider, but has recently been described in two other turtle species.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jakob Christensen-Dalsgaard
jcd@biology.sdu.dk
456-550-2448
University of Southern Denmark
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related biology news :

1. Einstein researchers discover key to cell specialization
2. Study in underwater laboratory may help manage seaweed-eating fish that protect coral
3. UM doctoral student receives the Zale Parry Scholarship from Academy of Underwater Arts and Sciences
4. NOAA, Spain announce cooperative arrangement to preserve maritime underwater heritage
5. Underwater gliders may change how scientists track fish
6. IEEE touts NJIT professor for expertise in underwater acoustic communication
7. MBARI sends underwater robot to study Deepwater Horizon spill
8. Scientists report first remote, underwater detection of harmful algae, toxins
9. Toward cheap underwater sensor nets
10. An underwater drugstore?
11. Little Salt Spring underwater archeological site in Florida receives new funding
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/16/2014)... tract infections and worldwide claims the lives of ... Ghent University have succeeded in developing a promising ... , Xavier Saelens (VIB/UGent): "We discovered a ... the development of a novel approach to vaccination ... numerous small children and elderly people." , ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... ,Models of Life, is a non-traditional biophysics textbook and ... book is a journey of discovery into biological systems ... and biological regulation. It is about how our genes ... between the billions of cells in an organism. It ... between principles, which can be found on both large ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... will be awarded the 44th Rosenstiel Award for Distinguished ... pioneering research exploring the mechanisms of genomic instability and ... Alt is the second alumnus to win the Rosenstiel ... in 2003. , Alt is the Charles A. Janeway ... Medical School and an investigator at the Howard Hughes ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):New perspectives for development of an RSV vaccine 2New book about life as seen from physics 2Brandeis awards 44th Rosenstiel Award to pioneering geneticist Fred Alt 2
... a medical doctor. Yet he is seen as a hero ... D.H. was diagnosed with terminal lung cancer. , "In 2000 ... few months to live," said Pardini, a professor of biochemistry ... the University of Nevada, Reno. "But five years later, ...
... for treating Parkinson's diseases and other neurodegenerative disorders is getting ... brain is a complex organ with many different types of ... barrier erected by blood vessels and glial cells -- the ... of most drugs from the bloodstream. , But now scientists ...
... of history students have discovered the antler of an Irish Elk ... , Although the exact age of the antler has yet to ... (Megaloceros giganteus) lived around 11,000 years ago. The giant deer roamed ... the end of the last Ice Age, as the glaciers retreated ...
Cached Biology News:The nude mouse tale: Omega-3 fats save the life of a terminal cancer patient 2Engineered Stem Cells Show Promise For Sneaking Drugs Into The Brain 2Engineered Stem Cells Show Promise For Sneaking Drugs Into The Brain 3Students discover 11,000 year old remains of Irish Elk 2
(Date:10/22/2014)... DUBLIN , Oct. 22, 2014 ... addition of the "Global DNA Diagnostics Market ... - Size, Share, Global Trends, Company Profiles, Demand, ... 2013 - 2020" report to their offering. ... diagnostics Market (products, applications, techniques, end users and ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... The North American crystal oscillator market report defines and ... forecast of revenue. This market was valued at $531.4 ... million by 2018, at a CAGR of 3.3% from ... the North American crystal oscillator market report, to get ... provides a glimpse of the segmentation of the market, ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... (PRWEB) October 22, 2014 WriteResult, ... services – has been working with a team of ... New Haven Farms Community Farming Collaborative to provide electronic ... solution. The study, which started in May, aims ... that provides participants weekly exposure to and participation in ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... Physicians Choice Laboratory Services (PCLS) ... which enables healthcare providers to individualize therapeutic treatments ... results, healthcare providers are better able to assess ... minimizing risks for adverse drug reactions and interactions. ... FDA [1] more than 2.2 million adverse drug ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Global DNA Diagnostics Market (Product types, Application, Technology, End User and Geography) - Forecast to 2020 2Global DNA Diagnostics Market (Product types, Application, Technology, End User and Geography) - Forecast to 2020 3The North American crystal oscillator market is expected to reach $623.6 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 2The North American crystal oscillator market is expected to reach $623.6 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 3The North American crystal oscillator market is expected to reach $623.6 million by 2018 - New Report by MicroMarket Monitor 4myPROpad™ Topic of Panel Discussion at the Yale Food Systems Symposium 2myPROpad™ Topic of Panel Discussion at the Yale Food Systems Symposium 3PCLS Announces Expansion of Cardiovascular Pharmacogenetic Testing Menu 2PCLS Announces Expansion of Cardiovascular Pharmacogenetic Testing Menu 3
... ... of Bavituximab,s Mechanism of Action in ... - Results Further Support Future Clinical Trials Testing Bavituximab in ... Combination With Radiation Therapy -, TUSTIN, Calif., Sept. 4 Peregrine,Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ...
... Sept. 4 Alexion,Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Nasdaq: ALXN ) ... Alexion Pharmaceuticals, will present at the,Bear Stearns 20th Annual ... on Tuesday, September 11, 2007. An audio webcast ... can,access the webcast at: http://www.alexionpharm.com . An archived ...
... To Maintain Roles as Vice Chairman of The Foundry and Advisor ... ... Labs, MENLO PARK, Calif., Sept. 4 Morgenthaler ... and information technology investments, today announced the,addition of Hank Plain as ...
Cached Biology Technology:Study Published in Clinical Cancer Research Confirms Potential Of Peregrine's Bavituximab Combined With Radiation In Lung Cancer 2Study Published in Clinical Cancer Research Confirms Potential Of Peregrine's Bavituximab Combined With Radiation In Lung Cancer 3Study Published in Clinical Cancer Research Confirms Potential Of Peregrine's Bavituximab Combined With Radiation In Lung Cancer 4Study Published in Clinical Cancer Research Confirms Potential Of Peregrine's Bavituximab Combined With Radiation In Lung Cancer 5Hank Plain Joins Morgenthaler Ventures as Partner 2Hank Plain Joins Morgenthaler Ventures as Partner 3
rat Leptin...
...
... with the xPONENT Software Interface is ... assays using Upstate's Beadlyte® reagents. This ... friendly xPONENT software developed by Luminex. ... for commercial or home-made multiplex kits. ...
... L samples, featuring 24-position turntable. Provides up to 30 minutes of walkaway time. Automatic ... and record keeping. RS-232 port. ... ... ...
Biology Products: