Navigation Links
Skull survey could improve vehicle safety
Date:1/22/2008

Women's skulls are thicker than men's, but they both shrink slowly after we reach adulthood. That's the conclusion of a new imaging study of 3000 people published in the Inderscience International Journal of Vehicle Safety. The detailed results could help in the design of more effective devices for protecting the head in vehicle collisions and other accidents.

Jesse Ruan of the Ford Motor Company and colleagues at Tianjin University of Science and Technology have devised a non-invasive method for determining and analyzing the critical geometric characteristics of a person's skull. Their approach is based on head scan images of 3000 patients at the Tianjin Fourth central Hospital.

The researchers found that the average thicknesses of the skull in men was 6.5 millimeters, but 7.1 mm in women. The average front to back measurement for men was 176 mm in men, but was less in women at 171 mm. Average width was 145 mm in men and 140 mm in women, the team found.

"Skull thickness differences between genders are confirmed in our study," Ruan says, "The next step will be to find out how these differences translate into head impact response of male and female, and then we can design the countermeasure for head protection."

Skull thickness, as one might expect, improves the outcome for anyone suffering a head injury, but studies have also demonstrated that skull shape can also have an effect. However, the detailed relationship between skull thickness and shape and how well a person tolerates a head injury have not been settled with most studies simply extrapolating from smaller to larger skull and thickness to predict the likely effects of an impact.

The current research, which involved a detailed statistical analysis of the various measurements for all 3000 people scanned. The analysis shows that the distribution of skull size, shape and thickness do not follow a so-called "normal" distribution pattern and so such extrapolations may be invalid.

"Reliable biomechanical geometric data of the human skull can help us to better understand the problem of head injury during an impact," the researchers say, "and help in the design of better head protective devices.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jesse Ruan
jruan@ford.com
Inderscience Publishers
Source:Eurekalert

Related biology news :

1. Unusual fish-eating dinosaur had crocodile-like skull
2. Human embryonic stem cell -- derived bone tissue closes massive skull injury
3. Widespread support for nonembryonic stem cell research, VCU Life Sciences Survey shows
4. Single-largest biodiversity survey says primary rainforest is irreplaceable
5. Americans remain pessimistic about the environment, Stanford-AP survey finds
6. Misconceptions about Alzheimers varies among races, survey suggests
7. Survey finds elevated rates of new asthma among WTC rescue and recovery workers
8. St. Jude influenza survey uncovers key differences between bird flu and human flu
9. New way to produce high-vitamin corn could improve nutrition in developing countries
10. Lipoic acid could reduce atherosclerosis, weight gain
11. Selective restraints and reduced medication could reduce nursing home falls says 4-year study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:4/11/2017)... -- NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ:   NXTD ) ("NXT-ID" ... of independent Directors Mr. Robin D. Richards and ... furthering the company,s corporate governance and expertise. ... Gino Pereira , Chief Executive Officer ... guidance and benefiting from their considerable expertise as we move ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... , April 5, 2017  The Allen Institute for ... Cell Explorer: a one-of-a-kind portal and dynamic digital window ... imaging data, the first application of deep learning to ... stem cell lines and a growing suite of powerful ... for these and future publicly available resources created and ...
(Date:4/5/2017)... KEY FINDINGS The global market for stem ... 25.76% during the forecast period of 2017-2025. The rise ... growth of the stem cell market. Download ... The global stem cell market is segmented on the ... cell market of the product is segmented into adult ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):
(Date:8/15/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Any expert in stem cell research or stem cell medicine ... half a century. Despite their essential roles in human health and regenerative medicine, ... tags developed for this purpose also tag other, more abundant, non-stem tissue cells ( ...
(Date:8/15/2017)... Ca (PRWEB) , ... August 15, 2017 , ... ... production and is threatened by various biotic and abiotic factors. During this educational ... evolutionary history of coffee, as well as gain a better understanding of how ...
(Date:8/14/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... August 14, 2017 , ... ... provide essential device-to-computer interconnect using USB or PCI Express, announced the release of ... SYZYGY is intended to satisfy the need for a compact, low cost, low ...
(Date:8/11/2017)... ... ... A staple in the community for more than 60 years, Bill Miller ... a new digital marketing strategy and updated logo. , As part of the initiative ... the South Texas Blood & Tissue Center for the month of August. , ...
Breaking Biology Technology: