Navigation Links
Scripps Research scientists find key mechanism in transition to alcohol dependence
Date:5/31/2011

A team of Scripps Research Institute scientists has found a key biological mechanism underpinning the transition to alcohol dependence. This finding opens the door to the development of drugs to manage excessive alcohol consumption.

"Our focus in this study, like much of our lab's research, was to examine the role of the brain's stress system in compulsive alcohol drinking driven by the aversive aspects of alcohol withdrawal," said Scripps Research Associate Professor Marisa Roberto, Ph.D., senior author of the study.

"A major goal for this study," added Research Associate Nicholas Gilpin, Ph.D., the paper's first author, "was to determine the neural circuitry that mediates the transition to alcohol dependence."

In the new research, published in the June 1, 2011 issue of the journal Biological Psychiatry, the Scripps Research scientists demonstrated the key role of a receptor a structure that binds substances, triggering certain biological effectsfor neuropeptide Y in a part of the brain known as the central amygdala. The amygdala, a group of nuclei deep within the medial temporal lobes, performs an important role in the processing and memory of emotional reactions.

"We've known for quite some time that neuropeptide Y is an endogenous [naturally occurring] anti-stress agent," says Markus Heilig, clinical director of the National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA). "We've also known that development of alcohol dependence gives rise to increased sensitivity to stress. This paper elegantly and logically brings these two lines of research together. It supports the idea that strengthening neuropeptide Y transmission in the amygdala would be an attractive treatment for alcoholism. The challenge remains to develop clinically useful medications based on this principle."

Discovering the Circuitry

Building on Gilpin's previous work on neuropeptide Y, in the new project, Gilpin, Roberto,
'/>"/>

Contact: Mika Ono
mikaono@scripps.edu
858-784-2052
Scripps Research Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2 3

Related biology news :

1. Scripps research team solves structure of beneficial virus
2. Scripps research team sheds light on immune system suppression
3. Scripps Florida scientists awarded $1.5M to fight major water and food parasites
4. Scripps research scientists identify compounds for stem-cell production from adult cells
5. Scripps research scientists identify blood component that turns bacteria virulent
6. Scripps research team defines new painkilling chemical pathway
7. Dolphin population stunted by fishing activities, Scripps/NOAA study finds
8. Scripps Research scientists shed light on how DNA is unwound so that its code can be read
9. Scripps scientists develop first examples of RNA that replicates itself indefinitely
10. Scripps scientists create first crystal structure of an intermediate particle in virus assembly
11. Historical photographs expose decline in Floridas reef fish, new Scripps study finds
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/15/2014)... ability to assess the pandemic risk from strains of ... must not allow ourselves to become complacent that the ... consortium of scientists. , Influenza pandemics arise when a ... to develop widespread immunity – spreads in the human ... past 100 years, the worst of which – the ...
(Date:10/15/2014)... 15, 2014 NXT-ID, Inc. (NASDAQ: NXTD ... on the growing mobile commerce market releases photos and video of ... on Monday October 13 th . Gino ... and angel investor Mr. Chad A. Verdi rang ... NXT-ID thanked his investors and employees "for their work and dedication ...
(Date:10/14/2014)... Ohio (Oct. 14, 2014)—It,s been millions of years since ... a team led by Ohio University scientists is breathing ... model airflow through dinosaur snouts. The research has important ... only breathe but to enhance the sense of smell ... ,nosy, animals," said Ohio University doctoral student Jason Bourke, ...
Breaking Biology News(10 mins):Scientists 'must not become complacent' when assessing pandemic threat from flu viruses 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 2Photo Release: NXT-ID Inc. Rings Opening Bell of the NASDAQ Stock Market October 13th 3Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 2Dinosaur breathing study shows that noses enhanced smelling and cooled brain 3
... April 14, 2013) Through a collaborative genome-wide study ... that are associated with heart rate. Since heart ... could provide a better understanding of genetic regulation of ... targets for new drugs to treat cardiovascular disease. ...
... 14, 2013)Drug-eluting stents can keep clogged leg arteries ... being presented at the Society of Interventional Radiology,s ... "Peripheral arterial disease (or PAD) is becoming increasingly ... obesity and diabetes epidemics," said Robert A. Lookstein, ...
... Injury: Latest News on Clinical Trials of Interventions to ... 17, 2013, from 4:30 to 6:30 p.m., at Kessler ... special Grand Rounds is presented by the Northern New ... Cord Injury Project of the W. M. Keck Center ...
Cached Biology News:Mount Sinai study identifies new gene variations associated with heart rate 2Drug-coated stents prevent leg amputation 2The State of Spinal Cord Injury Grand Rounds 2
(Date:10/25/2014)... According to new market research report "Data ... Enterprise, Telecom), by Design Types (Electrical, Mechanical), and ... 3, Tier 4) - Global Forecast to 2019", ... Center Construction Market into various segments with an ... report also identifies the factors driving this market, ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... SonaCare Medical, LLC, leader in ... announced that its Board of Directors has appointed ... President and member of the Board effective immediately. ... expanded responsibilities within the company, including further developing ... commercialization, manufacturing and finance. , Dr. Carol ...
(Date:10/25/2014)... -- RegeneRx Biopharmaceuticals, Inc. (OTCBB: RGRX) ("the Company" or "RegeneRx") ... Symposium on Thymosins in Health and Disease in ... thymosin beta 4 (TB4) linked with rhodamine (a fluorescent ... a rodent model of stroke, it was visualized outside ... functional tissue of the brain).   The leakage of TB4 ...
(Date:10/22/2014)... -- Research and Markets has announced ... Market (Product types, Application, Technology, End User and ... Demand, Insights, Analysis, Research, Report, Opportunities, Segmentation and ... offering. This new report titled, ... and Geography) Global Size, Industry Analysis, Trends, Opportunities, ...
Breaking Biology Technology:Data Center Construction Market Worth $22.73 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 2Data Center Construction Market Worth $22.73 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 3Data Center Construction Market Worth $22.73 Billion by 2019 - New Report by MarketsandMarkets 4SonaCare Medical Board of Directors Appoints Dr. Mark Carol as CEO and President 2SonaCare Medical Board of Directors Appoints Dr. Mark Carol as CEO and President 3Researchers Report Thymosin Beta 4 Crosses Blood-Brain Barrier In Animal Stroke Model 2Global DNA Diagnostics Market (Product types, Application, Technology, End User and Geography) - Forecast to 2020 2Global DNA Diagnostics Market (Product types, Application, Technology, End User and Geography) - Forecast to 2020 3
... Synthetic Genomes , , ... Venter Institute (JCVI), a not-for-profit genomic research organization, have published ... which the team can now assemble the whole bacterial genome, ... of DNA. Lead author Daniel G. Gibson, Ph.D. and his ...
... LAUDERDALE, Fla., Dec. 4 Imaging Diagnostic,Systems, Inc., (OTC ... announced today that a new study evaluating the CTLM ... December 2008 issue of Academic,Radiology. , ... , Alexander Poellinger, MD, a radiologist at ...
... that,it has initiated a Phase 2 clinical trial in ... dosing of a humanized monoclonal antibody,(MAb) that targets the ... pathway may lead to a targeted approach for,treating patients ... "Asthma can be ...
Cached Biology Technology:J. Craig Venter Institute Researchers Publish Significant Advance in Genome Assembly Technology 2J. Craig Venter Institute Researchers Publish Significant Advance in Genome Assembly Technology 3J. Craig Venter Institute Researchers Publish Significant Advance in Genome Assembly Technology 4J. Craig Venter Institute Researchers Publish Significant Advance in Genome Assembly Technology 5Imaging Diagnostic Systems CT Laser Mammography (CTLM) Technology Featured in Peer-Reviewed Journal 2MedImmune Advances Asthma Program With Start of Phase 2 Clinical Trial for Antibody Targeting IL-5 Receptor 2MedImmune Advances Asthma Program With Start of Phase 2 Clinical Trial for Antibody Targeting IL-5 Receptor 3
Rab GDP dissociation inhibitor beta...
... The MAX POWER 500V Programmable ... operate instruments which can handle virtually ... to high current blotting. It is ... text displays. The MAX POWER Programmable ...
Handy 100V Power Supply is Low-cost, compact and lightweight. Easy to operate - either 50 or 100 VDC is selectable as the output voltage. These voltages are sufficient for ordinary electrophoresis....
Coating : Poly-D-Lysine ,Surface : ECM/attachment factors ,Surface area : 9.6 cm2 ,Dim nominal : 35 mm x 10 mm ,Vol working : 2.5-3.0 ml ...
Biology Products: